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Subject 40-20-1 SUBSTANTIVE REGULATIONS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

Rule 40-20-1-.01 Standards for Petroleum Products

Pursuant to the provisions and requirements of O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-155, the following rules and regulations are hereby promulgated and the standards and specifications for petroleum products used for heating, cooking, illuminating, and power purposes are hereby defined. The following specifications, unless noted, will be determined in accordance with the test methods presented in the latest edition of the American Society for Testing and Materials Standards (ASTM). The State Oil Laboratory may utilize test methods other than those referenced when deemed technically or analytically suitable. The Department of Agriculture may write and publish guidelines related to performance standards and specifications of specialty fuels and other petroleum products that are not otherwise addressed by regulation. The latest version of the Annual Book of ASTM Standards Section Five and the latest version of the NIST Handbook 130 were used in part for this rule. There may be additional preemptive state or federal requirements other than those identified.

(a) Spark Ignition Engine Fuel Non Oxygenated. The specification for spark ignition engine fuel without oxygenates (gasoline) will be as follows:
1. Sulfur, 95 parts per million (ppm) max
2. Corrosion, Copper Strip No. 1 max
3. Gum, Existent 5 mg/100 ml max
4. Volatility Requirements for Classes:
(i) Distillation Temperatures. °C (°F) at Percent Evaporated*

* At 101.3 kPa pressure (760 mm Hg)

Volatility Class

10%

max

50%

90%

max

Endpoint

Max

min

max

A-2

70 (158)

77 (170)

121 (250)

190 (374)

225 (437)

A-3

70 (158)

77 (170)

121 (250)

190 (374)

225 (437)

C-3

60 (140)

77 (170)

116 (240)

185 (365)

225 (437)

D-4

55 (131)

77 (170)**

113 (235)

185 (365)

225 (437)

** Gasoline known from the origin to retail that will not be blended with ethanol may meet a minimum 50% evaporated distillation temperature of 66 (150) for volatility class D-4 only. Gasoline meeting these limits is not suitable for blending with ethanol.

(ii) Distillation Residue 2 Vo1% max for all classes.
(iii) Vapor/Liquid Ratio***, vapor pressure and Driveability Index (DI)

Volatility Class

V/L (20 max) Test Temp °C (°F)

Vapor Pressure kPa (psi)

DI max °C (°F)

A-2

56 (133)

62 (9.0)

597 (1250)

A-3

51 (124)

62 (9.0)

597 (1250)

C-3

51 (124)

79 (11.5)

586 (1230)

D-4

47 (116)

93 (13.5)

580 (1220)

*** DI is a derived value and applicable at the refinery and import facility level. The DI values above are for conventional gasoline and may not be applicable to oxygenated gasoline.

(iv) Permissible Volatility classes may be sold during the month of:

A-2 August, September 1-30

A-3 April, May, June, July

C-3 March, April, May****, September 16-30, October, November

D-4 January, February, March, November, December

**** End user shipments only

5. Oxidation Stability 240 min
6. The octane rating (Antiknock Index) of samples drawn from retail points must not be less than 0.5 of that found in samples of the same brand or grade submitted by the manufacturer, refiner, or wholesaler under provisions of O.C.G.A. 10-1-153, and that specified in product registration, and that posted in accordance with FTC Octane Posting and Certification Rule.
(i) The minimum (R+M)/2 octane rating of gasoline grades must be no less than 0.5 of the following:

Regular, Unleaded 87

Premium, Unleaded 91

Midgrade, Unleaded 89

(ii) The motor octane number must not be less than 82 for unleaded gasoline with a minimum (R+M)/2 octane rating 87.
7. The sale of any gasoline under any trade name which indicates to the purchaser that it is a certain grade will be in violation of this regulation unless the Antiknock Index therein is at least equal to that required above for that certain grade.
8. The finished gasoline must be a single homogeneous mixture composed essentially of hydrocarbons with or without additives, visually free of water, sediment, suspended, or undissolved matter.
9. Corrosion, Silver Strip No. 1 max

The test method must be a modified D130 method consisting of a glass test tube sealed inside a stainless steel pressure vessel run for 3 hrs at 122°F (50°C) and using the standard silver strip and rating scale found in IP 227.

10. Reference ASTM D4814 for additional information.
(b) Spark Ignition Engine Fuel Oxygenated. The specification for spark ignition engine fuels with oxygenates (reformulated gasoline, gasohol.) will be as follows:
1. Oxygenated motor fuels must meet all applicable requirements for automotive gasoline established in the preceding sections. However, an oxygenate blend consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% denatured ethanol, where the ethanol (only) content is 9-10% by volume (3.1 - 3.7 mass % oxygen as ethanol), may have the following volatility requirements for the T50 minimum distillation temperature, vapor/liquid ratio and vapor pressure:
(i) T50 minimum distillation temperature of 150°F for all volatility classes in (a)4.
(ii) V/L 20 minimum temperature of 120°F for volatility class A-2, 113°F for volatility classes A-3 and C-3, and 107°F for volatility class D-4 in (a)4.
(iii) Vapor pressure 1.0 psi higher than the values in (a)4.

Oxygenated fuel is a fuel containing substantial amounts of oxygenated components typically alcohols (such as ethanol) or ethers (such as methyl tert-butyl ether). A substantial amount of oxygenate is defined as a fuel containing more than 0.35 mass % oxygen (0.15 Methanol only).

2. Ethanol to be used for blending must be nominally anhydrous ethanol (198 proof minimum) denatured in accordance with applicable Federal regulations and must meet specifications in ASTM D4806. It can be a blend with gasoline or RBOB (reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending) or CBOB (conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending).
3. CBOB/RBOB are a hydrocarbon mixture similar to gasoline that may not meet specifications until blended with a specific amount of intended oxygenate. For this reason CBOB/RBOB must not be shipped from a terminal prior to blending and becoming finished product. Shipments between terminals and shipments between terminals and Sanctioned Oxygenate Blending Facilities are excluded from this prohibition. Sanctioned Oxygenate Blenders are considered to be manufacturers of oxygenated gasoline and are responsible for insuring that such products are in compliance with specifications established by the state oil chemist and approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture.

Prospective Oxygenate Blenders must file with the Commissioner of Agriculture a declaration or statement that they desire to sell such products in the state. The declaration or statement must furnish the name, brand, or a trademark of the product which they desire to sell, together with the name and address of the Oxygenate Blender. Owners and operators of Prospective Oxygenate Facilities must also file with the Commissioner of Agriculture a declaration or statement identifying by name and address of each Oxygenate Blending Facility owned or operated by such person.

4. The finished product must meet all specifications for spark ignition engine fuels, except for enforcement purpose, the vapor pressure may be 1 psi higher than the values in (a)4 if the ethanol (only) content is 9-10% by volume (3.1 - 3.7 mass % oxygen as ethanol). It is recommended that 10 volume % ethanol blends with RBOB meet vapor pressure requirements.
5. The water tolerance of oxygenated fuel must meet the following maximum temperatures (°C) for phase separation:

10 May, June, July August, September

6 April, October

1 March

0 November

-2 February

-3 December

-5 January

6. At room temperature (20-25°C), product must be able to contain the minimum volume % water without phase separation:

0.15 June, July, August

0.20 April, May, September, October

0.25 January, February, March, November, December

7. The subsequent regulations concerning gasoline are applicable to gasoline-oxygenate blends.
8. Manufacturers of oxygenates, blendstock, and oxygenated gasoline motor fuels must declare with the State the type and quantity of hydrocarbon and nonhydrocarbon (oxygenate) components used or to be used in the fuel.
9. Reference: ASTM D4814 for additional information and ASTM D4806 and D5983 for additional information, specifications, and requirements which are incorporated by reference.
(c) Kerosene. The specifications for No. 1-K kerosene and No. 2-K kerosene will be as follows:
1. No. 1-K and No. 2-K Kerosene:

ASTM Method

(i) Flash Point 38°C (100°F) min D56
(ii) Sulfur* D1266, D4294

No. 1-K 0.04% mass max

No. 2-K 0.30% mass max

(iii) Distillation Temperature D86

10% recovered 205°C (401°F) max

Final Boiling Point 300°C (572°F) max

(iv) The oil must be free from water, trash, and suspended matter.
(v) Color, Saybolt** + 16 min D156
(vi) Viscosity D445

at 40°C (104°F) 1.0 min - 1.9 max cSt (mm2/s)

(vii) Freezing point -30°C (-22°F) max D2386
(viii) Burning quality Pass D187
(ix) Corrosion, Copper Strip D130

3 hr at 100°C (212°F) No. 3 max rating

(x) Mercaptan Sulfur*** 0.003% mass max D3227

* For non flue-connected kerosene burner appliances and wick fed illuminating lamps, clear, undyed 1-K is suitable.

** Kerosene may contain red dye. If dyed for federal motor fuel excise tax exemption or sulfur content, the dye concentration must be spectrally equivalent to 3.9 ptb of Solvent Red 26 and the color by D156 can not be determined.

*** Mercaptan Sulfur determination may be waived if sweet by D4952.

2. Reference ASTM D3699 for additional information.
(d) Fuel Oils. The specifications for Fuel Oils will be as follows:
1. No.1 Fuel Oil ASTM Method
(i) Flash Point 38°C (100°F) min D93
(ii) Sulfur* D1266, D129,

No. 1 0.50 mass% max D2622, D1552,

No. 1 Low Sulfur 0.05 mass % max D4294, D5453

(iii) Distillation, Temperatures D86

10% recovered 215°C (420°F) max

90% recovered 288°C (550°F) max

(iv) Kinematic Viscosity D445

@ 40°C (104°F) 1.3 to 2.4 cSt (mm2/s)

(v) Pour Point -18°C (0°F) D97
(vi) Water and Sediment 0.05 vol % max D2709
(vii) Gravity, min 35° API @ 60°F D287

Density, max 850 kg/m3; @ 15°C D1298

(viii) Carbon residue D524

on 10% Bottoms 0.15 max %

(ix) Copper Strip Corrosion D130

3 hr test @ 50°C (122°F) No. 3 max

2. No. 2 Fuel Oil ASTM Method
(i) Flash Point 38°C (100°F) min D93
(ii) Sulfur* D1266, D129,

No. 2 0.50 mass % max D2622, D1552,

No. 2 Low Sulfur 0.05 mass % max D4294, D5453

(iii) Distillation Temperature D86

90% recovered 282°C (540°F) min

338°C (640°F) max

(iv) Kinematic Viscosity D445

@ 40°C (104°F) 1.9 to 4.1 cSt (mm2/s)

(v) Pour Point -6°C (21°F) D97
(vi) Water and Sediment 0.05 vol % max D95, D1796
(vii) Gravity, min 30° API @ 60°F D287

Density, max 876 kg/m3; @ 15°C D1298

(viii) Carbon residue 0.35 max % D524

on 10% Bottoms

(ix) Copper Strip Corrosion D130

3 hr test @ 50°C (122°F) No. 3 max

3. No. 4 (Light) Fuel Oil
(i) Flash Point 38°C (100°F) min D93
(ii) Kinematic Viscosity D445

@ 40°C (104°F) 1.9 to 5.5 cSt (mm2/s)

(iii) Gravity, max 30° API @ 60°F D287

Density, min 876 kg/m3 @ 15°C D1298

(iv) Pour Point -6°C (21°F) max D97
(v) Water and Sediment 0.50 vol % max D95 + D473
(vi) Ash 0.05 mass % max D482

* All Fuel Oil Grades above are required by federal regulations to contain the dye Solvent Red 164 in amounts to make its presence visually apparent and at or beyond terminal storage tanks the amount of the dye should be spectrally equivalent to 3.9 ptb of Solvent Red 26.

4. No. 4 Fuel Oil
(i) Flash Point 55°C (130°F) min D93
(ii) Kinematic Viscosity D445

@ 40°C (104°F) 5.5 to 24.0 cSt (mm2/s)

(iii) Pour Point -6°C (21°F) max D97
(iv) Ash 0.10 mass % max D482
(v) Water and Sediment 0.50 mass % max D95 + D473
5. Reference ASTM D396 for additional information.
(e) Diesel Fuel Oils. The specification for Diesel Fuel Oils will be as follows:
1. No. 1-D Diesel Fuel Oil ASTM Method
(i) Flash Point 38°C (100°F) min D93
(ii) Sulfur* 0.50 mass % max D1266, D129, D4294, D5453
(iii) Distillation Temperature D86

90% recovered 288°C (550°F) max

(iv) Kinematic Viscosity D445

@ 40°C (104°F) 1.3 to 2.4 cSt (mm2/s)

(v) Operability requirements:

Cloud Point D2500, D3117

or LTFT/CFPP for D4539/D6371

Jan. -7°C (19°F) max

Dec. and Feb. -6°C (21°F) max

Mar. and Nov. -2°C (28°F) max

Oct. 3°C (37°F) max

(vi) Water and Sediment 0.05 vol % max D2709
(vii) Calculated Cetane Index 40 min D976
(viii) Carbon Residue 0.15% mass max D524 on 10% Residuum
(ix) Ash, mass 0.01% max D482
(x) Copper Strip Corrosion D130

3 hr test @ 50°C No. 3 max

(xi) Cetane number 40 min D613
(xii) Sulfur*, Low Sulfur, D1266, D4294,

No. 1D 0.05% mass max D2622, D5453

(xiii) Aromaticity, Low Sulfur, D130

No. 1D 35 % vol, max

Note: Can be waived if Cetane index is met.

2. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Oil ASTM Method
(i) Flash Point 52°C (125°F) min D93
(ii) Sulfur* 0.50% mass max D1266, D4294, D129, D5453
(iii) Distillation Temperature D86

90% Recovered 282°C (540°F) min

338°C (640°F) max

(iv) Kinematic Viscosity D445

@ 40°C (104°F) 1.9 to 4.1 cSt (mm2/s)

(v) Operability requirements:

Cloud Point D2500, D3117

or LTFT/CFPP for: D4539/D6371

Jan. -7°C (19°F) max

Dec. and Feb. -6°C (21°F) max

Mar. and Nov. -2°C (28°F) max

Oct. 3°C (37°F) max

(vi) Water and Sediment 0.05 vol % max D2709
(vii) Calculated Cetane Index 40 min D976
(viii) Carbon Residue D524 on 10% Residuum 0.35% mass max
(ix) Ash 0.01% mass max D482
(x) Copper Strip Corrosion D130

3 hr test @ 50°C No. 3 max

(xi) Cetane number 40 min D613
(xii) Sulfur*, Low Sulfur, D1266, D4294,

No. 2-D 0.05% mass max D2622, D5453

(xiii) Aromaticity, Low Sulfur, D130 No. 1D 35 % vol, max

Note: Can be waived if Cetane index is met.

3. No. 4 Diesel Fuel Oil
(i) Flash Point 55°C (130°F) min D93
(ii) Sulfur* 2.0% mass max D1266, D4294, D129
(iii) Kinematic Viscosity D445

@ 40°C (104°F) 5.5 to 24.0 cSt (mm2/s)

(iv) Cloud Point D2500, D3117

Jan. -7°C (19°F) max

Dec. and Feb. -6°C (21°F) max

Mar. and Nov. -2°C (28°F) max

Oct. 3°C (37°F) max

(v) Water and Sediment 0.50 vol % max D1796
(vi) Cetane number 30 min D613
(vii) Carbon Residue D524

on 10% residuum 0.35% mass max

(viii) Ash 0.10% Mass max D482

* EPA requires low sulfur, limited aromatic content, 40 cetane index diesel fuels be used by on-highway vehicles and high sulfur diesel fuels to be dyed red with Solvent Red 164 in amounts to make its presence visually apparent. The IRS specifies the amount of red dye (Solvent Red 164) required to be spectrally equivalent to 3.9 lbs per thousand barrels solvent red dye 26 at or beyond terminals. This is also applicable to low sulfur fuels sold tax exempt from terminals.

4. Premium diesel fuel must meet the proceeding specifications and the following in order to be sold as premium or similar identification. ASTM Method
5. Ultra-Low Sulfur (ULS) Diesel Fuel for grades #1 and #2 must meet a maximum sulfur content limit of 15 ppm and may be identified as S15.
(i) Cetane number 47.0 min. D613
(ii) Low Temperature meet or exceed limits D4539, D2500 Operability (e)1.(v) or (e)2.(v)
(iii) Thermal Stability 80% min reflectance D6468 (180 min, 150°C)
(iv) Lubricity, 520 µm max D6079 wear scar diameter
6. The sale of any diesel fuel under any trade name which indicates to the purchaser that it is a certain grade will be in violation of this regulation unless the required specifications for that grade are met.
7. Reference ASTM D975 for additional information.
(f) Biodiesel. The specification for Biodiesel will be as follows:
1. D6751 Standard Specification for Biodiesel (B100) Blend Stock for Distillate Fuels.
2. Blends of Biodiesel (B100) and grades of diesel fuel are typically acceptable for use in equipment using diesel fuel. Check with OEM or owner's manual for fuel requirements.
3. Biodiesel Blends more than 5 volume % must be identified and labeled according to the requirements established by the United States Federal Trade Commission, 16 CFR Part 306 for Automobile Fuel Ratings, Certification and Posting.
(g) Product registration, product identification, shipping papers, delivery tickets, labeling tanks and dispensers, records retention.
1. All petroleum products and all grades of each are registered or declared by the manufacturer(s) and marketers (non retail) to be in compliance with regulations and approved prior to marketing. The product identification must be consistent with the approved product registration except as noted for oxygenated fuel dispenser and street advertising labeling requirements. This also includes the oxygenates and the other blending components. Blenders of components to make a finished fuel are considered to be manufacturers and are responsible for insuring that the product is in compliance with specifications.
2. For products containing more than 0.35 mass % oxygen (0.15, if methanol) the volume % and identity of oxygenate(s) must be included on any invoice, bill of lading, shipping paper, or other documentation used for the purpose of marketing any such product.
3. For products containing 1.5 or more mass % oxygen (0.15, if methanol) the volume % or maximum volume % ("up to" amount) and identity of oxygenate(s) must be included as part of dispenser labeling and will not be required for any street advertising of the products. The words "contains", "with", "contains up to", "with up to" or similar wording may be used. An appropriately sized and conspicuously located single label on each side or face of a dispenser is acceptable. This will satisfy dispenser labeling in Rule 40-20-1-.04 and advertising in Rule 40-20-1-.12.
4. Tank fills must identify the products contained. If a color code is used, it must be conspicuously displayed.
5. Information regarding tank capacities and amount of products on hand must be maintained and made available for inspection.
6. Retail establishments must retain the records of product deliveries at the location. Retention of at least the 4 most recent deliveries of each product will satisfy this requirement.
(h) Definitions and requirements. The following are definitions of products referenced in this rule and requirements not identified in the preceding sections:
1. "Alcohol" means a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group (OH).
2. "Aviation Gasoline" means a gasoline possessing specific properties suitable for fueling aircraft powered by reciprocating spark-ignition engines. Reference D910 and D6227 for information, specifications, and requirements which are incorporated by reference. There may be additional preemptive federal requirements.
3. "Aviation Turbine Fuel" or "Jet Fuel" means a refined middle distillate fuel suitable for use as a fuel in an aviation gas turbine internal combustion engine. Reference D1655 and D6615 for information, specifications, and requirements which are incorporated by reference. There may be preemptive federal requirements.
4. "Biodiesel" means a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, designated B100.
5. "Biodiesel Blend" abbreviated "BXX" means a blend of biodiesel fuel with petroleum based diesel fuel. "XX" represents the volume percentage of B100 in the blend.
6. "Diesel Fuel" means a refined middle petroleum distillate suitable for use as a fuel in a compression-ignition (diesel) internal combustion engine.
7. "E85" means a blend of ethanol and hydrocarbons of which the ethanol portion is nominally 85-75 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Reference ASTM D5798 for information, specifications, and requirements which are incorporated by reference.
8. "Ether" means a class of organic compounds characterized by the structural feature of an oxygen linking two hydrocarbon groups.
9. "Fuel Oil" means a refined oil, middle distillate, heavy distillate, or residues of refining, or blends of these suitable for use as a fuel for heating or power generation.
10. "Gasohol" means a blend of 90 volume % unleaded gasoline without oxygenates and 10 volume % ethanol.
11. "Gasoline" means a type of fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition automobile engines and in marine and non-automotive applications.
12. "Gasoline Oxygenate Blend" means a type of fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition automobile engines and in marine and non-automotive applications.
13. "Kerosene" or "Kerosine" means a refined middle distillate suitable for use as a fuel for heating or illumination.
14. "Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel" means a #1 or #2 diesel fuel containing a maximum sulfur content of 500 ppm. Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel may be designated S500 and referred to as on-road diesel.
15. "M85" means a blend of methanol and hydrocarbons of which the methanol portion is nominally 85-75 volume percent fuel methanol. Reference ASTM D5797 for information, specifications, and requirements which are incorporated by reference.
16. "Oxygenate" means an oxygen-containing, ashless, organic compound, such as an alcohol or an ether, which can be used as a fuel or a fuel supplement.
17. "Oxygenate Blender" means any person operating an Oxygenate Blending Facility at which oxygenate gasoline is produced solely through the addition of oxygenate to gasoline or CBOB/RBOB and at which the quality and quantity of gasoline or CBOB/RBOB is not altered in any other manner.
18. "Sanctioned Oxygenate Blender" means any Oxygenate Blender who has filed with the Georgia Department of Agriculture a declaration or a statement that he or she desires to sell oxygenate blends in the state, and the declaration has been approved by Commissioner of Agriculture.
19. "Oxygenate Blending Facility" means any facility (excluding a truck) at which oxygenate is added to gasoline or CBOB/RBOB.
20. "Sanctioned Oxygenate Blending Facility" means any facility whose owner and operator who has filed with the Georgia Department of Agriculture a declaration or a statement that he or she desires to add oxygenate to gasoline or CBOB/RBOB, and the declaration has been approved by Commissioner of Agriculture.
21. "Racing Gasoline" means a fuel for special off-road use. When sold at retail motor fuel establishments through dispensers, this product must be registered and meet the requirements of issued guidelines.
22. "Reformulated Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending" abbreviated "RBOB" means a petroleum product which, when blended with an oxygenate, meets the definition of reformulated gasoline, and to which the oxygenate is added other than by a refiner or importer such as a terminal. The properties may be adjusted for seasonal volatility, blend amounts, octane, and other applicable parameters.
23. "Reformulated Gasoline" abbreviated as "RFG" means a gasoline oxygenate blend certified to meet the specifications and emission reduction requirements established by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Reformulated gasoline must be used in automotive vehicles in extreme and severe ozone nonattainment areas and those areas which opt to require it.
24. "Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel" means a #1 or #2 diesel fuel containing a maximum sulfur content of 15 ppm. Ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel may be designated S15.
25. "Volatile Organic Compounds" abbreviated as "VOC" means volatile organic compounds consisting of non-methane, non-ethane hydrocarbons and oxygenated hydrocarbons emitted by automotive vehicles.

Rule 40-20-1-.02 Brake Fluid: Definitions; Standards

(1) The term "Brake Fluid" as used or referred to in this Chapter shall mean the liquid medium through which force is transmitted in the hydraulic brake system of any motor vehicle operated in this State.
(2) Minimum Standard. All break fluid must conform to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 116 and must meet or exceed those specifications.

Rule 40-20-1-.03 Regulations and Standards for Antifreeze

(1) Ethylene Glycol Type Engine Coolants:
(a) Composition Essentially concentrated, virgin ethlylene glycol with suitable corrosion inhibitors and foam suppressors. One type is intended for automobile and light duty (LD) service. Another is a low silicate type for heavy duty (HD) engine cooling systems. It typically requires an initial supplement coolant additive (SCA) and subsequent doses. This coolant additive can also be present in the finished engine coolant. Other compounds such as propylene glycol and diethylene glycol may be present up to a maximum of 15% if the required chemical and physical properties are met. The coolant concentrate when used in accordance with the product label and vehicle manufacturer's recommendation shall function effectively during the summer and winter in automotive vehicle cooling systems to provide protection against freezing, boiling and corrosion. The use of sugars, salts, and petroleum distillates or other substances harmful to the cooling system is prohibited. [see paragraph (7)]

(b) Chemical and Physical Properties

ASTM Method

1.

Ash, mass

5% max

D1119

2.

Specific Gravity

60/60°F(15.5/15.5°C) 1.110 to 1.145

D1122

3.

Reserve Alkalinity

HD 10 min

LD report

 

4.

pH, 50 vol% in

Distilled H20

D1287 7.5 to 11.0

5.

Boiling Point, undiluted

325°F(163°C) min

D1120

 

50 vol % in Distilled H20

226°F (108°C) min

 

6.

Corrosion Test (wt loss per specimen)

 

D1384

 

Copper, Brass, Steel & Cast Iron

10 mg max

 
 

Aluminum

30 mg max

 
 

Solder

30 mg max

 

7.

Freezing Point

 

D1177

 

33 1/3% by Vol in Distilled H2O

0°F (-18°C) max

 
 

50% by vol in Distilled H2O

-34°F (-37°C) max

 

8.

Foaming Test

 

D1881

 

Break Time

5 sec max

 
 

Volume Increase

150 ml max

 

9.

Water mass

5% max

D1123

10.

Chloride ion, ppm

25 max

D3634

11.

Silicon, ppm (HD)

250 max

 

12.

Reference ASTM D3306 and D4958 for additional information, specifications and requirements.

(2) Alcohol Type Engine Coolants. Since alcohol type engine coolants are not suitable for use in automotive engines to provide protection against freezing, boiling, and corrosion, this type of antifreeze is illegal for sale.
(3) Methoxy Propanol Type Engine Coolant.
(a) This type engine coolant utilized as a full-fill without dilution is for industrial use only and must meet the following standards:

1.

Ash, mass

5% max

D1119

2.

Reserve Alkalinity

2.5 min

D1121

3.

pH

7.5 - 9.0

D1287

4.

Corrosion Test (wt loss per specimen)

 

D1384

 

Copper, brass, steel & cast iron

10 mg max

 
 

solder

30 mg max

 
 

aluminum

30 mg max

 

5.

Freezing Point

33 1/3% methoxy propanol by volume 10°F(-12°C) max

 

D1177

6.

Foaming Test

Breaktime

Volume Increase

5 sec max

150 ml max

D1881

7.

Equilibrium

Boiling Point

207°F(97°C)

D1120

8.

Water, mass % 48 max

 

D1123

(4) Propylene glycol type engine collants:
(a) Composition essentially concentrated, virgin propylene glycol with suitable corrosion inhibitors and foam suppressors. Other glycols are not permitted except dipropylene glycol may be present up to 1% maximum. The coolant shall meet the required chemical and physical properties and when used in accordance with the product label and vehicle manufacturers recommendations, shall be suitable for automobile and other light duty service cooling systems for a minimum of 1 year. [See paragraph (7)]
(b) Propylene glycol type engine coolants shall meet the preceding requirements for light duty ethylene glycol base engine coolants except as identified below:

1.

Specific Gravity

60/60°F(15.5/ 15.5°C)

1.303 to 1.065

D1122

2.

Boiling Point, undiluted 50 vol % in distilled H20

305°F(152°C) min 219°F(104°C) min

D1120

3.

Corrosion test requirements and limits the same as for ethylene glycol; the method will be D1384 with a 33% glycol test concentration.

4.

Freeze Point 33 1/3% by volume in distilled H20 50% by volume in distilled H20

5°F(-15°C) max -26°F(-32°C) max

D1177

(c) Reference ASTM D5216 for additional information, specifications and requirements.
(5) Each antifreeze package offered for sale must bear a use statement or protection chart which informs the user the degree of protection offered when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Containers of five gallons or more may be accompanied by a use statement or a freeze protection chart in lieu of the label on the container. In addition, the type of glycol or other base must be indicated. Propylene glycol base coolant containers will be labeled with an appropriate cautionary statement to alert the user to the differences of density and freeze protection between it and ethylene glycol base coolants.
(6) Each manufacturer, distributor, or jobber shall submit a "current" certified test report and container label(s) for each brand name product when applying for a license authorizing the sale of such antifreeze.
(a) The certified test report shall be prepared using ASTM engine coolant test methodology by a chemical laboratory independent of the product under application.
(b) The certified test report shall be accompanied by a signed application (furnished by the Department), attesting that the certified test report represents an analysis of product formulation identical to the brand under application.
(c) An original or actual size color copy of all container labels shall accompany each brand name under application.
(d) "Current" as used in this Rule, shall mean an independent laboratory test of identical product formulation.
(7) Antifreeze, composed essentially of reclaimed or reprocessed concentrated glycol may be licensed, subject to the following conditions:
(a) The product must meet chemical and physical standards for virgin glycol based coolant.
(b) The container label must contain a written disclosure that the product has been produced from reprocessed glycol.
(8) Premix or prediluted ethylene glycol engine coolant:
(a) Composition essentially a mixture of 50 volume % minimum base virgin glycol and deionized water with applicable additives. Product shall be formulated and intended for direct introduction, without further dilution, to vehicle cooling systems.
(b) The container label of premix glycol coolant shall display a prominent, definite, plain statement of conspicuous size and location to advise consumers that the product is a premix, diluted, ready to use, 50-50 mixture or similar such wording.
(c) Suitability, performance, intended use and prohibitions applicable to concentrated ethylene glycol type engine coolants shall also apply to premix product.
(d) Premixed or prediluted ethylene glycol base antifreeze shall meet all applicable requirements for concentrated except as identified below:

       

ASTM METHOD

1.

Ash, mash

2.5 % max

D1119

2.

Specific gravity 60/60 F (15.5/15.5 C)

1.0650 min

D1122

3.

Reserve Alkalinity HD LD

5 min Report

D1121

4.

Water by weight

50% max

 

5.

Silicon, ppm (HD)

125 max

  

6.

Reference ASTM D4656 and D5345 for additional information, specifications and requirements.

(9) Recycled or reprocessed type engine coolants:
(a) Composition shall be essentially a mixture of 50 volume percent minimum base of used engine coolant glycol, which is typically system formulated by distillation or filtration and chemical treatment and vendor tested for product suitability before direct introduction to a vehicle cooling system.
(b) Each recycled antifreeze system manufacturer or distributor shall, prior to installing or operating such system, comply with the annual registration, fee and product approval provisions of O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-203. Upon request of the Commissioner, each recycled antifreeze system manufacturer or distributor shall provide the Commissioner with a comprehensive listing of all automotive service facilities, mechanics, garages and other businesses known to be utilizing their recycled product or systems within this state.
(c) Retail sales of packaged or containerized recycled antifreeze are expressly prohibited.
(d) The product shall not contain solids and must meet the suitability, chemical and performance standards for premix or prediluted ethylene glycol engine coolants prescribed in Rule 40-20-1-.03(8).

Rule 40-20-1-.04 Substandard Products: Disposition

Gasoline, kerosene, fuel oil or other related petroleum products and subjects found below the prescribed standards shall be disposed of as directed by the Commissioner of Agriculture. Where such product can be reconditioned or successfully blended with or used as another product, the same may be disposed of upon the order of the Agriculture Commissioner. When any product regulated by Georgia Code cannot be successfully disposed of in the above manner or when the owner refuses to comply with the order of the Agriculture Commissioner, this product is subject to confiscation and destruction.

Rule 40-20-1-.05 Registration of Petroleum Products

(1) Petroleum products sold in this State and covered in Section 40-20-1-.01 shall have a name and/or brand name and such name shall be registered in compliance with O.C.G.A. 10-1-149. The octane rating or antiknock index of applicable motor fuels, covered by FTC Octane Posting and Certification Rule, will be included in the registration.
(2) The Commissioner of Agriculture will refuse the registration of any product under a name that would be misleading to the purchaser of such a product, regarding nature or quality.
(3) Every pump dispensing motor fuel at retail shall conspicuously display the name and/or brand name being sold therefrom exactly as said name and/or brand name is registered with the Commissioner of Agriculture. Each kerosene pump or fuel oil pump dispensing those products at retail shall display the words "1-K Kerosene" or "2-K Kerosene" or indicate the proper grade of fuel oil depending on the product dispensed. The display of grades also includes all containers utilized in the wholesale or retail of such fuels in compliance with O.C.G.A. 10-1-152.

Rule 40-20-1-.06 Sample Size

Samples submitted in compliance with O.C.G.A. 10-1-153, for petroleum products regulated by this Chapter shall not be less than 16 ounces in size.

Rule 40-20-1-.07 Test Measures: Fill Pipe

(1) In testing measuring devices, it is necessary for the Inspector to draw from each pump sufficient product to determine the accuracy of the dispensing device.
(2) For this purpose, official and approved one-gallon, five-gallon, and metric measuring cans are used. In order that the Inspector may dispose of the product in the test measure, it is hereby made an obligation of the owner or operator of the station to provide containers of sufficient quantity into which the Inspector may empty the product from his test measure in the event that ground level storage tank fill pipes are not present.
(3) If the design, construction, or location of any device is such as to require a testing procedure involving special equipment, or accessories or an abnormal amount of labor, such equipment, accessories and labor shall be supplied by the owner or operator of the device as required by the weights and measures official.

Rule 40-20-1-.08 Contamination of Fuel

All meters, pumps, lines, and devices which have been used in measuring and pumping gasoline must be thoroughly cleaned before being used in measuring and pumping high flash petroleum products, such as kerosene, heating oil and diesel fuel.

Rule 40-20-1-.09 Petroleum Products to be Inspected

All petroleum products regulated by Chapter 40-20-1, in accordance with O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-155, shall be subject to inspection and analysis. The Department of Agriculture shall have free access to and adequate samples of such products for the purpose of inspection and analysis.

All facilities which engage in the selling of any petroleum products shall register with the Department annually. A registration fee based on $20.00 per measuring device for devices less than 20 gallons per minute and $40.00 per measuring device for devices 20 gallons per minute and over shall be paid to the Department annually. After reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing before the Commissioner in accordance with the Georgia Administrative Procedure Act any facility registration can be revoked by the Commissioner for violation of any rule or regulation of the State of Georgia.

Rule 40-20-1-.10 Water in Retail Tanks; Dispenser Filters

(a) It shall be a violation for water and or water phase to be detected, when measured from the bottom through the fill pipe, supply line or detection system of any tank utilized in the storage of oxygenated fuels, aviation gasoline and aviation fuel sold at retail. A stop sale shall be issued when water or water phase exceeds one fourth (1/4) of an inch. It shall be a violation for water to exceed one inch in depth, when measured from the bottom through the fill pipe, supply line or detection system of any tank utilized in the storage of the other regulated products sold at retail. A stop sale shall be issued when water exceeds two inches. For violations the water must be removed from the tank prior to the delivery and subsequent selling of additional product from such storage tank. For stop sales the removal must be done prior to resumption of sales.
(b) Prior to the sale of oxygenated fuels, the storage tanks must be clean and free of water and sedimentation (particulate material). Subsequently, the system must be monitored and kept free of any accumulation of water, water phase and sedimentation.
(c) Retail dispensing equipment shall use a 10 micron or less fuel filter for all products. It is recommended that water sensitive filters or phase separation filters, compatible with the product being dispensed, be used.

Rule 40-20-1-.11 Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Liquid Measuring Devices

The tolerances for devices used for retail sales of petroleum products regulated shall be as follows:

(a) The maintenance tolerance shall be one cubic inch plus one cubic inch per indicated gallon.
(b) The acceptance tolerance shall be ½ of the maintenance tolerances.
(c) Applicable testing and technical requirements shall be in accordance with the latest Edition of the National Bureau of Standards Handbook 44, except when in conflict with existing or modified rules and regulations or when rejected by the same.
(d) Retail devices for motor fuels shall be condemned for repair when the device exceeds a tolerance of plus or minus 14.5 cubic inches (8 fluid ounces). Owners or owner's agent of devices and/or petroleum products dispensed having a tolerance exceeding plus 14.5 cubic inches may request a waiver of condemnation of such device from the Commissioner of Agriculture, or from a duly appointed agent.
(e) It is recommended that each retail dispensing device from which diesel fuel is sold shall be equipped with a nozzle spout having a terminal end with an outside diameter of not less than 23.63 mm (0.930 in).

Rule 40-20-1-.12 Advertised Price for Petroleum Products

The advertising of petroleum products regulated under Section 40-20-1-.01 of this Chapter shall conform to the following:

(a) All advertising for the sale of petroleum products must meet the requirements of O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-164.
(b) Petroleum products cannot be sold in a manner which may deceive, or have the effect of deceiving, the purchaser of such products as to nature, price, quality, or quantity of those products.
(c) The advertising of prices on a highway, street or curb sign is not required. However, if prices are advertised and there are different prices available for the same product, then the higher price must be posted. The lower price may also be posted, but the qualifier for both prices must be clearly identified and clearly visible from the street.
(d) If lowest advertised price is not immediately available to all consumers at the time of fuel purchase, a notice of explanation must be posted in a manner which is clearly visible and easily readable to consumers from either side of the dispenser at the point of sale.
(e) Compliance with this regulation shall be attained within 90 days after the date that this rule becomes effective.
(f) Failure to comply with this regulation may result in a civil penalty asprovided by O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-165.

Rule 40-20-1-.13 Notice of Violations; Illegal Withold from Sale; Condemned for Repair; Definitions; Compliance. Amen

The definitions and compliance requirements of petroleum products regulated under Section 40-20-1-.01 shall be as follows:

(a) Notice of Violations. Issued for defects in equipment having minor impact on quality, quantity, nature, price, display of products sold. Corrective action must be performed within time specified. Illegal Withhold from Sale or Condemnation for repair may result when corrections are not made and/or deficiencie still occur. The Department of Agriculture, upon notification of correction, may permit the resale of said petroleum product prior to subsequent inspection, testing, and/or analysis.
(b) Illegal Withhold from Sale. Issued normally for violations of product quality. Corrections must be made prior to resumption of sales. The Department of Agriculture upon notification of correction, may permit the resale of material prior to subsequent inspection, testing, and/or analysis.
(c) Condemned for Repair. lssued for equipment or devices that cannot be used in conjunction with the commercial sale of petroleum product due to failure to meet requirements of Section 40-20-1-.11. The equipment or device must be repaired prior to resale of petroleum product material. The Department of Agriculture upon notification, may permit the device being reintroduced into commercial use prior to the inspection and testing of the device.
(d) Compliance. Failure to comply with the above notifications may result in the condemnation of product or devices and subsequent confiscation or other action as provided by the Georgia Administrative Procedure Act and O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-64.

Rule 40-20-1-.14 Repealed

Rule 40-20-1-.15 Repealed

Rule 40-20-1-.16 Repealed