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Subject 391-3-1 AIR QUALITY CONTROL

Rule 391-3-1-.01 Definitions. Amended

Unless a different meaning is required by the context, the following terms as used in these rules shall have the meaning hereinafter respectively ascribed, except that to the extent terms are not defined in these rules the Act's definitions control; and provided, that definitions within any subsequent rule, or subdivision thereof, which are expressly made applicable to the rule or subdivision within which they appear, shall apply for purposes of such specific rule or subdivision thereof; and provided the definitions appearing in Federal regulations adopted by reference shall control in the application of the related Federal regulations to which they apply under the Federal Act; and provided further, that in officially designated non-attainment areas the definitions contained in 40 CFR 51.165(a)(1)(i) through (xix) shall apply. 40 CFR 51.165(a)(1)(i) through (xix), as amended, is hereby incorporated and adopted by reference.

(a) "Act" means Part I of Chapter 9 of Title 12 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A. Section 12-9-1, et seq.) "The Georgia Air Quality Act."
(b) "Air-cleaning device" means any method, process or equipment which removes, reduces, or renders less NOxious air contaminants discharged into the atmosphere.
(c) "Air contaminant" means solid or liquid particulate matter, dust, fumes, gas, mist, smoke, or vapor, or any matter or substance either physical, chemical, biological, or radioactive (including source material, special nuclear material, and by-product material); or any combination of any of the above.
(d) "Air pollution" means the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of one or more air contaminants.
(e) "Black liquor solids" means the dry weight of the solids that enter the recovery furnace in the black liquor.
(f) "CFR" means the "Code of Federal Regulations."
(g) "Capacity factor" means the ratio of the average load on a machine or equipment for the period of time considered, to the design capacity rating of the machine or equipment.
(h) "Capture system" means the equipment (including hoods, ducts, fans, etc.) used to contain, capture, or transport a pollutant to an air-cleaning device.
(i) "Coating applicator" means an apparatus used to apply a surface coating.
(j) "Coating line" means one or more apparatus or operations which include a coating applicator, flash-off area, and oven wherein a surface coating is applied, dried, or cured.
(k) "Conditions beyond the control of" shall mean only those conditions which, though ordinary diligence be employed, remain unforeseeable, or unpredictable, such as, strikes, walkouts, or other industrial disturbances acts of God, civil disturbances, embargoes, or other causes of like character provided, however, that this term shall not include conditions solely because they are dependent upon contingencies, that is, conditions such as but not limited to, the variable cost or availability of maintenance, equipment, labor, raw materials, fuel or energy.
(l) "Construction" means any fabrication, erection or installation. The term "construction" includes any modification as defined in Section (pp).
(m) "Cross recovery furnace" means a furnace used to recover chemicals consisting primarily of sodium and sulfur compounds by burning black liquor which, on a quarterly basis, contains more than seven (7) weight percent of the total pulp solids from a soda-based semi-chemical pulping process.
(n) "Day" means a 24-hour period beginning at midnight or such other 24-hour period as agreed by the Director.
(o) "Department" means the Department of Natural Resources of the State of Georgia.
(p) "Digester system" means each continuous digester or each batch digester used for the coating of wood in white liquor, and associated flask tank(s), blow tank(s), ship steamer(s), and condenser(s).
(q) "Director" means the Director of the Division of Environmental Protection, Department of Natural Resources of the State of Georgia, or his designee.
(r) "Division" means the Environmental Protection Division of the Department of Natural Resources, State of Georgia.
(s) "Dust" means minute solid particles caused to be suspended in air by natural forces or by mechanical processes such as but not limited to crushing, grinding, milling, drilling, demolishing, shoveling, conveying, covering, bagging, mixing, sweeping, digging, scooping, and grading.
(t) "EPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(u) "Emission" or "emitting" means any discharging, giving off, sending forth, placing, dispensing, scattering, issuing, circulating, releasing or any other emanation of any air contaminant or contaminants into the atmosphere.
(v) The terms "Emission limitation" and "Emission standard" means a requirement established which limits the quantity, rate, or concentration of emissions of air contaminants on a continuous basis including any requirement relating to the equipment or operation or maintenance of a source to assure continuous emission reduction.
(w) "Excessive emissions" means emissions of an air pollutant in excess of an emission standard.
(x) "Flashoff area" means the space between the application area and the oven.
(y) "Fluo-solids calciner" means a unit other than a lime kiln used to calcine lime mud, which consist primarily of calcium carbonate, into quicklime, which is primarily calcium oxide. For the purpose of these regulations, all references or emission standards applicable to lime kilns shall also apply to fluo-solids calciners.
(z) "Fly ash" means particulate matter capable of being gasborne or airborne and consisting essentially of fused ash or other burned or unburned materials resulting from a process of combustion of fuel or solid waste.
(aa) "Fossil fuel-fired steam generator" means a furnace or boiler used in the process of burning a fossil fuel for the primary purpose of producing steam by heat transfer.
(bb) "Foundry cupola" means a stack-type furnace used for melting of metals, consisting of, but not limited to, furnace proper, tuyeres, fans or blowers, tapping spout, charging equipment, gas cleaning devices and other auxiliaries.
(cc) "Fuel-burning equipment" means equipment the primary purpose of which is the production of thermal energy from the combustion of any fuel. Such equipment is generally that used for, but not limited to, heating water, generating or super heating steam, heating air as in warm air furnaces, furnishing process heat indirectly, through transfer by fluids or transmissions through process vessel walls.
(dd) "Fugitive dust" means solid airborne particulate matter emitted from any source other than through a stack, vent, or chimney.
(ee) "General permit" means a Permit by Rule or a Generic Permit established in or under the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control covering numerous similar sources.
(ff) "Generic permit" means a General permit issued by the Director covering numerous similar sources.
(gg) "Hydrocarbon" means any organic compound consisting predominantly of carbon and hydrogen.
(hh) "Incinerators" means all devices intended or used for the reduction or destruction of solid, liquid, or gaseous waste by burning.
(ii) "Intermediate vapor control system" means a vapor control system that employs an intermediate vapor holder to accumulate vapors displaced from tanks during filling. The control device treats the accumulated vapors only during automatically controlled cycles.
(jj) "Jobbing foundry" means any foundry where the operation is run intermittently and for that length of time necessary to pour molds on a job-to-job basis.
(kk) "Kraft pulp mill" means any stationary source which produces pulp from wood by cooking (digesting) wood chips in a water solution of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfide (white liquor) at high temperature and pressure. Regeneration of the cooking chemicals through a recovery process is also considered part of the kraft pulp mill.
(ll) "Lime kiln" means a unit used to calcine lime and, which consists primarily of calcium carbonate, into quicklime, which is calcium oxide.
(mm) "Loading rack" means any aggregation or combination of gasoline loading equipment arranged so that all loading outlets in the combination can be connected to a tank truck or trailer parked in a specified loading space.
(nn) "Malfunction" means mechanical and/or electrical failure of a process, or of air pollution control process or equipment, resulting in operation in an abnormal or unusual manner.
(oo) "Manager" means the administrator of the small business stationary source technical and environmental office. The manager may be referred to as the ombudsman.
(pp) The term "modification" means any change in or alteration of fuels, processes, operation or equipment, (including any chemical changes in processes or fuels) which affects the amount or character of any air pollutant emitted or which results in the emission of any air pollutant not previously emitted. [No source shall, by reason of a change which decreases emissions, become subject to the New Source Performance Standards 42 U.S.C. Sec. 7411, unless required by the Federal Act. This definition does not apply where the word "modification" is used to refer to action by the Director, Division, or Board, in modifying or changing rules, regulations, orders, or permits. In that context the word has its ordinary meaning.] The following operations are not considered modifications under this definition:
1. routine maintenance, repair, and replacement.
2. an increase in production rate (not to exceed maximum production rate stated in a pertinent application), if that increase can be accomplished without a capital expenditure, unless that increase is prohibited by a permit condition.
3. an increase in the hours of operation unless that increase is prohibited by a permit condition.
4. the use of an alternative fuel or raw material that the source is designed to accommodate. A source shall be considered to be designed to accommodate an alternative fuel or raw material if that use could be accomplished under the facility's construction specifications prior to the change and that use is allowed under a current air quality permit.
(qq) "Multiple chamber incinerator" means any article, machine, equipment, or contrivance which is used for the reduction or destruction of solid, liquid, or gaseous waste by burning and consists of a series of three or more combustion chambers physically separated by refractory walls, interconnected by gas passages or ducts, and lined with refractories having a pyrometric cone equivalent of at least 31, tested according to ASTM Method C-24, and is designed for efficient combustion of the type and volume of material to be burned.
(rr) "Multiple-effective evaporator system" means the multiple-effect evaporators and associated condenser(s) and hotwell(s) used to concentrate the spent cooking liquid that is separate from the pulp (black liquor).
(ss) "Opacity" means the degree to which emissions reduce the transmission of light and obscure the view of an object in the background, and is expressed in terms of percent opacity. As used in these Regulations, the measurement of percent opacity does not include the measurement of the obscuration of view due to uncombined water droplets. Any determination of the percent opacity shall be made by the arithmetic average of six minutes of data. With respect to the determination of percent opacity, the six minute average shall be based on either an average of 24 or more opacity data points equally spaced over a six minute period or an integrated average of continuous opacity data over a six minute period. The six minute period for continuous opacity monitors shall be considered to be any one of ten equal parts of a one hour period commencing on the hour. Any visual observation or determination of opacity taken for the purpose of determining compliance with any requirement of this Chapter 391-3-1 shall be made by personnel certified according to procedures established for such certification by the Division or by EPA to make such observation or determination.
(tt) "Open-burning" means any outdoor fire from which the products of combustion are emitted directly into the open air without passing through a stack, chimney or duct.
(uu) "Organic material" means a chemical compound of carbon excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate.
(vv) "Oven" means a chamber within which heat is used to bake, cure, polymerize, or dry a surface coating.
(ww) "Part 70 permit" means a Title V operating permit issued by the Director under 391-3-1-.03(10) for a facility subject to 40 CFR Part 70 requirements.
(xx) "Particulate matter" means any airborne, finely divided solid or liquid material with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 100 micrometers.
(yy) "Particulate matter emissions" means all finely divided solid or liquid material, other than uncombined water, emitted to the ambient air as measured by applicable reference methods, or an equivalent or alternate method, established by the U.S. EPA. Whenever the term "Particulate Emissions" is used in these rules, it shall have the same meaning as "Particulate Matter Emissions."
(zz) "Permit-by-rule" means a General permit established in the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control [ 391-3-1-.03(11) ] covering numerous similar sources.
(aaa) The term "person" includes any individual, corporation, partnership, association, State, municipality, political subdivision of a State, and any agency, department, or instrumentality of the United States, or any other entity, and includes any officer, agent, or employee of any of the above.
(bbb) "PM10" means particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal ten micrometers as measured by a reference method based on Appendix J of 40 CFR Part 50 and designated in accordance with 40 CFR Part 53 or by an equivalent method designated by the U.S. EPA.
(ccc) "PM10 emissions" means finely divided solid or liquid material, with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal ten micrometers emitted to the ambient air as measured by applicable reference methods, or an equivalent or alternate method, established by the U.S. EPA.
(ddd) "Potential to emit" means the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit any regulated air pollutant under its physical and operational design. Any physical and operational limitation on the capacity of the source to emit a regulated air pollutant, including air pollution control equipment and restrictions on hours of operation or on the type or amount of material combusted, stored, or processed, shall be treated as part of its design if the limitation or the effect it would have on emissions is legally and practically enforceable. Secondary emissions do not count in determining the potential to emit of a stationary source.
(eee) "Prime coat" means the first film of coating applied in a multicoat operation.
(fff) "Process equipment" means any equipment, device or contrivance for changing, melting, storing, handling, or altering chemically or physically any material, the use or existence of which may cause any discharge of air contaminants into the open air, but excluding that equipment defined herein as "Fuel-Burning Equipment."
(ggg) "Process input weight rate" means a rate established as follows:
1. For continuous or long-run, steady-state source operations, the total process weight for the entire period of continuous operation or for a typical portion thereof, divided by the number of hours of such period.
2. For cyclical or batch source operations, the total process weight for a period that covers a complete operation or an integral number of cycles, divided by the hours of actual process operation during such a period.
3. Where the nature of any process or operation or the design of any equipment is such as to permit more than one interpretation of this definition, the interpretation that results in the minimum value for allowable emission shall apply. When recycled material is handled by the process equipment, it shall be included in the total process weight. Moisture shall not be considered as a part of process weight.
(hhh) "Recovery furnace" means either a straight kraft recovery furnace or a cross recovery furnace, and includes the direct-contact evaporator for a direct-contact furnace.
(iii) "Reid vapor pressure" means the absolute vapor pressure of volatile crude oil and volatile nonviscous petroleum liquids except liquefied petroleum gases as determined by American Society for Testing and Materials, Part 17, 1973, D-323-82 (Reapproved 1987).
(jjj) "Shutdown" means the cessation of the operation of a source or facility for any purpose.
(kkk) "Small Business Advisory Panel" means the small business stationary source technical and environmental compliance advisory panel created by Code Section 12-9-25.
(lll) "Small business stationary source or facility" means an entity that:
1. Is owned or operated by a person employing 100 or fewer individuals;
2. Is a small business under the federal Small Business Act;
3. Is not a major stationary source as defined in Titles I and III of the Clean Air Act;
4. Does not emit 50 tons or more per year of any regulated pollutant; and
5. Emits less than 75 tons/year of all regulated pollutants and does not qualify as a major stationary source.
(mmm) "Small business stationary source technical and environmental office" means a program established within the Department of Natural Resources' Air Protection Branch.
(nnn) "Smelt dissolving tank" means a vessel used for dissolving the smelt collected from the recovery furnace.
(ooo) "Smoke" means small gas-borne particles resulting from incomplete combustion, consisting predominantly of carbon, ash and other combustible materials, that form a visible plume.
(ppp) "Soda-based semichemical pulping operation" means any operation in which pulp is produced from wood by cooking (digesting) wood chips in a soda-based semichemical pulping solution followed by mechanical defibrating (grinding).
(qqq) "Solvent" means organic materials which are liquid at standard conditions and which are used as dissolvers, viscosity reducers, or cleaning agents.
(rrr) "Soot" means agglomerated particles consisting mainly of carbonaceous material.
(sss) "Source" or "facility" means any property, source, facility, building, structure, location, or installation at, from, or by reason of which emissions or air contaminants are or may reasonably be expected to be emitted into the atmosphere. Such terms included both real and personal property, stationary and mobile sources or facilities, and direct and indirect sources or facilities, without regard to ownership, and both public or private property. An "indirect" source or facility is a source or facility which attracts or tends to attract activity that results in emissions of any air pollutant for which there is an ambient air standard.
(ttt) "Special circumstances" shall mean only such circumstances as are caused by special physical conditions or causes and are unique or peculiar to a pollution source.
(uuu) "Special physical conditions or causes" shall mean only those physical conditions or causes which are intrinsically related to the process, giving rise to a pollutant, the equipment used in such process, or the structure housing such equipment, and such term shall in no case include external conditions such as (1) the ambient air quality in the locale, area or region of the pollution source, or (2) the cost or availability of raw materials, including fuel or energy, used in the process.
(vvv) "Stack" means any point in a source designed to emit solids, liquids, or gasses into the air, including a pipe or duct but not including flares.
(www) "Stack in existence" means that the owner or operator had (1) begun, or caused to begin, a continuous program of physical on-site construction of the stack or (2) entered into binding agreements or contractual obligations, which could not be canceled or modified without substantial loss to the owner or operator, to undertake a program of construction of the stack to be completed within a reasonable time.
(xxx) "Stack height" means the physical height of a flue, chimney, vent or other point of pollutant discharge above ground level.
(yyy) "Standard conditions" means a temperature of 20°C (68°F) and pressure of 760 millimeters of mercury (29.92 inches of mercury).
(zzz) "Startup" means the commencement of operation of any source.
(aaaa) "Stationary source" means any source or facility emitting, either directly or indirectly, from a fixed location.
(bbbb) "Straight kraft recovery furnace" means a furnace used to recover chemicals consisting primarily of sodium and sulfur compounds by burning black liquor which on a quarterly basis contains seven (7) weight percent or less of the total pulp solids from a soda-based semichemical pulping process.
(cccc) "Synthetic minor permit" means a Permit issued to a facility which imposes limits that are federally enforceable or enforceable as a practical matter in order to restrict potential emissions to below major source thresholds.
(dddd) "Topcoat" means the final film of coating applied in a multiple coat operation.
(eeee) "Total reduced sulfur (TRS)" means the sum of the sulfur compounds hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, dimethyl sulfide, and dimethyl disulfide, that are released during the Kraft pulping operation and measured by EPA Method 16 ( 40 CFR 60).
(ffff) "Total suspended particulates" means particulate matter as measured by the method described in Appendix B of 40 CFR Part 50.
(gggg) "True vapor pressure" means the equilibrium partial pressure exerted by a petroleum liquid as determined in accordance with methods described in American Petroleum Institute Bulletin, 2597, "Evaporation Loss from Floating Roof Tanks," 1962.
(hhhh) "Vapor" means the gaseous form of a substance.
(iiii) "Vapor collection system" means a vapor transport system which used direct displacement by the liquid loaded to force vapors from the tank into a vapor control system.
(jjjj) "Vapor control system" means a system that prevents release to the atmosphere of at least 90 percent by weight of organic compounds in the vapors displaced from a tank during the transfer of gasoline.
(kkkk) "Visible emissions" means any emission which is capable of being perceived visually.
(llll) "Volatile organic compound" (also denoted as VOC) means any organic compound which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions; that is, any organic compound other than those which the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency designates as having negligible photochemical reactivity, including: carbon monoxide; carbon dioxide; carbonic acid; metallic carbides or carbonates; ammonium carbonate; methane; ethane; 1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform); methylene chloride; trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11); dichlorodifluoromethane (CFC-12); chlorodifluoromethane (HCFC-22); trifluoromethane (HFC-23); 1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane (CFC-113); 1,2-dichloro 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (CFC-114); chloropentafluoroethane (CFC-115); 1,1,1-trifluoro 2,2-dichloroethane (HCFC-123); 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HCFC-124); pentafluoroethane (HFC-125); 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134); 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a); 1,1-dichloro 1-fluoroethane (HCFC-141b); 1-chloro 1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-142b); 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a); 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a); parachlorobenzotrifluoride (PCBTF); cyclic, branched, or linear completely methylated siloxanes; acetone; perchloroethylene (tetrachloroethylene); 3,3-dichloro-1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoropropane (HCFC-225ca); 1,3-dichloro-1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane (HCFC-225cb); 1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,5-decafluoropentane (HFC-43-10mee); difluoromethane (HFC-32); ethylfluoride (HFC-161); 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoropropane (HFC-236fa); 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245ca); 1,1,2,3,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245ea); 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245eb); 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245fa); 1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluoropropane (HFC-236ea); 1,1,1,3,3- pentafluorobutane (HFC-365mfc); chlorofluoromethane (HCFC-31); 1-chloro-1-fluoroethane (HCFC-151a); 1,2-dichloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123a); 1,1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4-nonafluoro-4-methoxy-butane (C4F9OCH3); 2-(difluoromethoxymethyl)-1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane ((CF3)2CFCF2OCH3); 1-ethoxy-1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nonafluorobutane (C4F9OC2H5); 2-(ethoxydifluoromethyl)-1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane ((CF3)2CFCF2OC2H5); methyl acetate; 1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptafluoro-3-methoxy-propane (n-C3F7OCH3, HFE-7000); 3-ethoxy-1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,6-dodecafluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl) hexane (HFE-7500); 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane (HFC 227ea); methyl formate; t-butyl acetate; 1,1,1,2,2,3,4,5,5,5-decafluoro-3-methoxy-4-trifluoromethyl-pentane, propylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene; HCF2OCF2H (HFE-134); HCF2OCF2OCF2H (HFE-236cal2); HCF2OCF2CF2OCF2H (HFE-338pcc13); HCF2OCF2OCF2CF2OCF2H (H-Galden 1040x or H-Galden ZT 130 (or 150 or 180)); trans 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoroprop-1-ene; 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene; 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP); and perfluorocarbon compounds which fall into these classes:
1. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes;
2. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completed fluorinated ethers, with no unsaturations;
3. Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary-amines with no unsaturations;
4. Sulfur containing perfluorocarbons with no unsaturations and with sulfur bonds only to carbon and fluorine; and
5. VOC may be measured by the referenced method, an equivalent method, an alternate method or by procedures specified under 40 CFR Part 60. A referenced method, an equivalent method, or an alternate method, however, may also measure non-reactive organic compounds. In suchcases, an owner or operator may exclude the non-reactive organic compound when determining compliance with a standard.
6. The following compound(s) are VOC for purposes of all recordkeeping, emissions reporting, photochemical dispersion modeling and inventory requirements which apply to VOC and shall be uniquely identified in emission reports, but are not VOC for purposes of VOC emissions limitations or VOC content requirements: t-butyl acetate.
(mmmm) "Hazardous air pollutant" (also denoted as HAP) means any air pollutant listed in or pursuant to section 112(b) of the Federal Clean Air Act, and as amended by 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart C.
(nnnn) "Procedures for Testing and Monitoring Sources of Air Pollutants" or "PTM" means the Georgia Department of Natural Resources Procedures for Testing and Monitoring Sources of Air Pollutants dated February 29, 2016.
(oooo) "Banking" means a system for quantifying, recording, storing and preserving Emission Reduction Credits for use or transfer at a later date.
(pppp) "Emission reduction credit" means a unit of reduction in actual emissions of either nitrogen oxides or VOC, expressed in tons per year that has been certified by the Director in accordance with Section 391-3-1-.03(13) of these Rules.
(qqqq) "Pollution control project" (PCP) means an environmentally beneficial activity, set of work practices or project undertaken at an existing emissions unit that reduces emissions of air pollutants from such unit as listed below. Such qualifying activities or projects can include the replacement or upgrade of an existing emissions control technology with a more effective unit. Other changes that may occur at the source are not considered part of the PCP if they are not necessary to reduce emissions through the PCP. The replacement or reconstruction of an entire existing emissions unit with a newer or different one does not qualify as a PCP. Projects listed in subparagraphs (qqqq)1. through 8. of this subparagraph are presumed to be environmentally beneficial and qualify as a PCP. The Director has the authority to rebut the presumption that projects listed in subparagraphs (qqqq)1. through 8. are environmentally beneficial if the Division determines that a particular proposed PCP project would be improperly applied or site-specific factors indicate that the project's application would not be environmentally beneficial.
1. Conventional or advanced flue gas desulfurization or sorbent injection for control of sulfur dioxide (SO2) or Hazardous Air Pollutants.
2. Electrostatic precipitators, baghouses, high-efficiency multiclones, or scrubbers for control of particulate matter or other air contaminants.
3. Flue gas recirculation, low-NOX burners or combustors, selective non-catalytic reduction, selective catalytic reduction, low emission combustion (for IC engines), and oxidation/absorption catalyst for control of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) except those that increase the fuel burning capacity of the emissions unit by more than two percent or 2.0 MMBtu/hr, whichever is less.
4. Regenerative thermal oxidizers, catalytic oxidizers, condensers, thermal incinerators, hydrocarbon combustion flares, biofiltration, absorbers and adsorbers, and floating roofs for storage vessels for control of volatile organic compounds or hazardous air pollutants. For the purpose of this section, "hydrocarbon combustion flare" means either a flare used to comply with an applicable New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) or Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT) standard (including uses of flares during startup, shutdown, or malfunction permitted under such a standard), or a flare that serves to control emissions of waste streams comprised predominately of hydrocarbons and containing no more than 230 mg/dscm hydrogen sulfide. Regenerative thermal oxidizers, catalytic oxidizers, or thermal incinerators that control gases containing sulfur bearing compounds and which result in an emissions increase of sulfur dioxide of greater than 10 tons-per-year or sulfuric acid mist of greater than 2 tons-per-year must be equipped with a control device that has a control efficiency for sulfur bearing compounds of at least ninety percent.
5. Activities or projects undertaken to accommodate switching (or partially switching) to an inherently less polluting fuel, to be limited to the following fuel switches:
(i) Switching from a heavier grade of fuel oil to a lighter fuel oil, or any grade of oil to 0 .05 percent or lower sulfur diesel as long as the switch is from a higher sulfur content fuel oil or diesel fuel to a lower sulfur content fuel oil or diesel fuel;
(ii) Switching from coal, oil, or any solid fuel to natural gas, propane, or gasified coal;
(iii) Switching from coal to wood, excluding construction or demolition waste, chemical or pesticide treated wood, and other forms of "unclean'' wood;
(iv) Switching from coal to No. 2 fuel oil (0.5 percent maximum sulfur content); and
(v) Switching from high sulfur coal to low sulfur coal (maximum 1.2 percent sulfur content).
6. Activities or projects undertaken to accommodate switching from the use of one ozone depleting substance (ODS) to the use of a substance with a lower or zero ozone depletion potential (ODP,) including changes to equipment needed to accommodate the activity or project, that meet the requirements of paragraphs (qqqq)6.(i) through (iii) of this subparagraph.
(i) The productive capacity of the equipment is not increased as a result of the activity or project.
(ii) The projected usage of the new substance is lower, on an ODP-weighted basis, than the baseline usage of the replaced ODS. To make this determination, follow the procedure in subparagraphs (qqqq)6.(ii)(I) through (IV) of this subparagraph.
(I) Determine the ODP of the substances by consulting 40 CFR Part 82, Subpart A, Appendices A and B.
(II) Calculate the replaced ODP-weighted amount by multiplying the baseline actual usage (using the annualized average of any 24 consecutive months of usage within the past 10 years) by the ODP of the replaced ODS.
(III) Calculate the projected ODP-weighted amount by multiplying the projected actual usage of the new substance by its ODP.
(IV) If the value calculated in paragraph (qqqq)6.(ii)(II) of this section is more than the value calculated in paragraph (qqqq)6.(ii)(III) of this section, then the projected use of the new substance is lower, on an ODP-weighted basis, than the baseline usage of the replaced ODS.
(iii) The activity or project undertaken does not involve switching from a non-VOC ODS to a VOC substance or from a non-HAP ODS to a HAP substance.
7. The combustion of total reduced sulfur compounds or hazardous air pollutants in a lime kiln or recovery furnace.
8. The combustion of volatile organic compounds or hazardous air pollutants in a boiler or process heater provided that such project does not result in a significant increase in sulfur dioxide or sulfuric acid mist emissions.
(rrrr) "PM2.5" or "Fine Particulate Matter" means particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal 2.5 micrometers as measured by a reference method based on Appendix L of 40 CFR Part 50 and designated in accordance with 40 CFR Part 53 by an equivalent method.
(ssss) "PM2.5 Emissions" means finely divided solid or liquid material, with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to a nominal 2.5 micrometers emitted to the ambient air as measured by applicable reference methods or an equivalent or alternate method established by the U.S. EPA.

Rule 391-3-1-.02 Provisions. Amended

(1) General Requirement.

No person shall construct or operate any facility from which air contaminants are or may be emitted in such a manner as to fail to comply with:

(a) Any applicable standard of performance or other requirements established by EPA pursuant to Section 111 of the Federal Act;
(b) Any applicable emission standard or other requirement for a hazardous air pollutant established by EPA pursuant to Section 112 of the Federal Act;
(c) Any applicable increment, precondition for permit, or other requirement established for the Prevention of Significant Deterioration pursuant to Part C, Title I of the Federal Act; and
(d) Any applicable standard, precondition for permit, or other requirement established for sources in areas designated by the Director as being non attainment with National Ambient Air Quality Standards pursuant to, or as part of Georgia's State Implementation Plan to meet the requirements of, Part D, Title I of the Federal Act.
(2) Emission Limitations and Standards.
(a) General Provisions.
1. No person owning, leasing or controlling the operation of any air contaminant sources shall willfully, negligently or through failure to provide necessary equipment or facilities or to take necessary precautions, cause, permit, or allow the emission from said air contamination source or sources of such quantities of air contaminants as will cause, or tend to cause, by themselves or in conjunction with other air contaminants a condition of air pollution in quantities or characteristics or of a duration which is injurious or which unreasonably interferes with the enjoyment of life or use of property in such area of the State as is affected thereby. Complying with any of the other paragraphs of these rules and regulations or any subparagraphs thereof, shall in no way exempt a person from this provision.
2. In cases where more than one paragraph of these regulations applies, the paragraph allowing the least emission of air contaminants to the atmosphere shall prevail.
3. Notwithstanding any other emission limitation or other requirement provided in the regulations, more stringent emission limitations or other requirements may be required of a facility as deemed necessary by the Director to:
(i) meet any existing Federal laws or regulations; or
(ii) safeguard the public health, safety and welfare of the people of the State of Georgia.
4. Notwithstanding any other requirement of this Chapter, in no event shall that part of a stack which came into existence after December 31, 1970, which exceeds good engineering practice stack height or any other dispersion technique, be taken into account for the purpose of determining the degree of emission limitations required for control of any pollutant for which there is an ambient air standard established under the Act of the Federal Act. The terms and definitions of "dispersion techniques", "good engineering practice (GEP)", "nearby" and "excessive concentration" are those definitions found in 40 CFR 51.100(hh), (ii), (jj) and (kk) respectively.
5. If the Director finds, after notice and opportunity for public hearing that a particular instance of violation or noncompliance by a source, owner, or operator, with any emission limitation or standard or other requirement under the Act, is de minimis (as defined pursuant to 42 U.S.C. Section 7420 as amended) in nature, and duration, he may, as allowed by the Act and the Federal Act, exempt such source, owner or operator from the noncompliance penalties provided in Section 22 of the Act.
6. VOC Emission Standards, Exemptions, Area Designations, Compliance Schedules and Compliance Determinations.
(i) Exemptions and Area Designations.
(I) Sources located outside Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale counties whose potential emissions of volatile organic compounds are not more than 100 tons per year shall not be subject to subparagraphs (u), (v), (x), (aa) through (ff) [inclusive], (hh), (kk), (ll), (nn), and (qq) of this paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2).
(II) Sources used exclusively for chemical or physical analysis or determination of product quality and commercial acceptance shall not be subject to subparagraphs (t) through (ff) [inclusive], (hh) through (nn) [inclusive], (qq), and (tt) of this paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2), provided:
I. The operation of the source is not an integral part of the production process; and provided;
II. The emissions from the source do not exceed 800 pounds in any calendar month; and provided;
III. The exemption from such source is approved in writing by the Director.
(III) Sources located within Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, or Rockdale counties whose actual emissions of volatile organic compounds are less than 15 pounds per day shall not be subject to subparagraphs (u), (v), (x), (aa) through (ff) [inclusive], (kk), (ll), and (qq) of this paragraphs 391-3-1-.02(2).
(IV) Coatings, inks and other VOC-containing materials in use at sources of VOC emissions subject to any limitations or requirements of subparagraphs (t) through (aa) [inclusive], (ii), (jj), (mm), and (tt) of this paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2) shall not be subject to any requirements of such subparagraphs, provided the source's total aggregate use of such materials is not in excess of 55 gallons per year and such exemption is approved in writing by the Division.
(V) Sources located within Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, or Walton Counties whose actual emissions of volatile organic compounds are greater than or equal to 15 pounds per day shall be subject to subparagraphs (u), (v), (x), (aa) through (ff) [inclusive], (hh), (kk), (ll), (nn), and (qq) of this paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2) effective January 1, 2015. The requirements of this subparagraph (V) will no longer be applicable if the counties specified in this subparagraph (V) are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in these counties or the counties specified in subparagraph (III) above, the requirements of this subparagraph (V) will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
(VI) When determining applicability for a standard specified in this subparagraph 6.(i), only those emission sources that belong to the source category covered by each specific standard shall be included when compared against the applicability thresholds and provisions included in this subparagraph 6.(i).
(ii) Compliance Schedules.
(I) All sources of VOC emissions subject to any limitation or requirement of, or under, paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2) prior to the effective date of this amended Rule 391-3-1-.02, shall be in compliance or on an approved compliance schedule.
(iii) Compliance Determinations.
(I) Compliance determinations for coatings expressed as pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water, shall treat organic compounds that are not defined as VOCs as water for purposes of calculating the "excluding water" part of the coating composition.
7. Excess Emissions.
(i) Excess emissions resulting from startup, shutdown, malfunction of any source which occur though ordinary diligence is employed shall be allowed provided that (I) the best operational practices to minimize emissions are adhered to, and (II) all associated air pollution control equipment is operated in a manner consistent with good air pollution control practice for minimizing emissions and (III) the duration of excess emissions is minimized.
(ii) Excess emissions which are caused entirely or in part by poor maintenance, poor operation, or any other equipment or process failure which may reasonably be prevented during startup, shutdown or malfunction are prohibited and are violations of this Chapter (391-3-1).
(iii) The provisions of this paragraph 7. shall apply only to those sources which are not subject to any requirement under section (8) of this Rule (i.e. Rule 391-3-1-.02) or any requirement of 40 CFR, Part 60, as amended concerning New Source Performance Standards.
8. Emissions Bubbles.
(i) With respect to the emissions standards and limitations contained in this Chapter 391-3-1, as such requirements are applied to more than one process or piece of equipment at a source or sources, the Director may allow to the extent consistent with the Act and with the Federal Act under such conditions as he deems appropriate, emissions bubbles provided that:
(I) Such emissions bubbles will not interfere with the attainment and maintenance of ambient air quality standards as expeditiously as practical and does not result in any delay in compliance by any source beyond applicable deadline dates; and
(II) Such emissions bubbles are equivalent in pollution reduction, enforceability, and air quality impact to those individual process or equipment emission limits of State or federal requirements applicable at the time of the bubble; and
(III) Such emissions bubbles are consistent and in full compliance with the requirements of 40 CFR 52.21(PSD), 40 CFR 60 (New Source Performance Standards) and 40 CFR 61(NESHAPS); and
(IV) All modeling utilized in evaluating the air quality impact of emissions bubbles shall be done in accordance with modeling procedures acceptable to the Division.
(ii) Emissions bubbles involving different pollutants, types, temporary reductions, and increases of hazardous air pollutants are prohibited.
(iii) The affected source or facility which proposes the use of a bubble shall have the burden of demonstrating to the satisfaction of the Director, compliance with the requirements of this paragraph (2)(a)8.
(iv) For the purpose of this paragraph (2)(a)8. emissions bubbles let plants decrease pollution controls at one or more emission points in exchange for compensating increases in control at other emission points.
9. [reserved]
10. At all times, including periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction, any person owning, leasing or controlling the operation of a stationary source shall maintain and operate such source, including associated air pollution control equipment, in a manner consistent with good air pollution control practice for minimizing emissions. Determination of whether acceptable operating and maintenance procedures are being used will be based on any information available to the Division which may include, but is not limited to, monitoring results, observations of the opacity or other characteristic of emissions, review of operating and maintenance procedures or records, and inspection or surveillance of the source.
11. Startup and Shutdown Emissions for SIP-Approved Rules
(i) Upon the effective date of EPA's final approval of GA Rules Chapter 391-3-1-02(2)(a)11. as published in the Federal Register, the provisions of subparagraph 11.(ii) apply in lieu of GA Rule Chapter 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)7.
(ii) The provisions of this subparagraph 11.(ii) shall apply to all sources subject to emission limitations and standards in 391-3-1-.02(2)(b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (n), (p), (q), (r), (t), (u), (v), (w), (x), (y), (z), (aa), (bb), (cc), (dd), (ee), (ff), (gg), (hh), (ii), (jj), (kk), (ll), (mm), (nn), (oo), (pp), (qq), (rr), (ss), (tt), (uu), (vv), (yy), (ccc), (ddd), (eee), (fff), (hhh), (jjj), (kkk), (lll), (mmm), (nnn), (rrr), (vvv), (yyy), (zzz), (aaaa). The provisions of this subparagraph 11.(ii) shall also apply to emission limitations established in accordance with the new source review requirements in 391-3-1-.02(7)(b) and/or 391-3-1-.03(8) unless startup and shutdown emissions have already been specifically addressed via a federally enforceable permit.
(I) Compliance Options
I. Compliance with the emission limitations and standards identified in paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)11.(ii) shall be achieved by either Option A or B below:
A. Complying with the applicable emission limitations and standards at all times, including startup and shutdown; or
B. Complying with the applicable emission limitations and standards for emissions resulting from normal operations, and complying with applicable alternative work practice standards in subparagraphs (I)III., and either (I)IV., (I)V., or (I)VI. to address emissions resulting from startup and/or shutdown.
II. Excessive emissions which are caused entirely or in part by poor maintenance, poor operation, or any other equipment or process failure which may reasonably be prevented during startup or shutdown are prohibited and are violations of this Chapter (391-3-1).
III. The owner or operator of a source that chooses to comply with alternative work practice standards for startup and shutdown shall maintain the following documentation for five years in a form suitable for inspection and submission to the Division. Required monitoring data (during all periods of operation) and the following documentation shall be maintained:
A. Contemporaneous operating logs or other relevant evidence that document:
(A) The date, time and duration of each period of startup or shutdown where an alternative work practice standard was the method of compliance;
(B) Any actions taken during each period of startup and shutdown, including which option ((ii)(I)IV., (ii)(I)V., or (ii)(I)VI.) is followed; and
(C) Manufacturer's specifications and instructions, fire prevention protocols, and safety protocols relied upon to demonstrate compliance with any alternative work practice standard and records documenting implementation of such.
IV. General Alternative Work Practice Standards Option. Process equipment and air pollution control devices used for compliance with applicable rules in paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2)11.(ii), shall be operated in a manner consistent with good air pollution control practice for minimizing emissions as follows:
A. General Work Practice Standard Part 1

Applicable air pollution control devices shall be started as expeditiously as possible, providing for process and control device limitations and providing for safety constraints for protection of personnel and equipment and fire prevention and safety protocols such as provided by Black Liquor Recovery Boiler Advisory Committee (BLRBAC) or National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes. Documentation of such implementation of manufacturing specifications, fire protocols, and safety protocols shall be maintained, and;

B. General Work Practice Standard Part 2

During startup and shutdown periods, the owner or operator of a source shall comply with alternative work practice standards (A) through (M) below, as applicable, for fuel burning sources and pollution control devices installed by the owner or operator to meet an emission limitation referenced in paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)11.(ii), as applicable:

(A) Baghouses shall be operated, except as provided in (H) for fuel burning equipment, and except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by the fire prevention or safety protocols, unless the inlet gas temperature is below the dewpoint, outside the manufacturer's recommended operating temperature range, or if the pressure differential across the baghouse exceeds the manufacturer's recommended maximum pressure differential.
(B) Biofilters shall be operated, except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by the fire prevention or safety protocols.
(C) Carbon Adsorption Beds shall be operated, except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by the fire prevention or safety protocols.
(D) Condensers shall be operated, except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by fire prevention or safety protocols.
(E) Cyclones shall be operated, except as provided in (H) for fuel burning equipment, and except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by fire prevention or safety protocols.
(F) Electrostatic precipitators (ESP) shall be operated, except as provided in (H) for fuel burning equipment, and except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by fire prevention or safety protocols.
(G) Exhaust streams routed from one process to another process for thermal incineration, the control process shall be operated except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by fire prevention or safety protocols.
(H) Fuel burning sources shall burn, during startup and shutdown periods, a "clean fuel" as listed in item 5b. of Table 3 to 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart DDDDD, or the cleanest fuel the unit is permitted to burn, as practicable. Particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and acid gas control equipment need not operate while associated fuel burning equipment is firing natural gas, propane, distillate oil, or combinations thereof exclusively during startup or shutdown.
(I) Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) shall be operated, except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by the fire prevention or safety protocols, if the catalyst inlet temperature is greater than 600°F, or as specified by manufacturer.
(J) Selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) shall be operated, except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by the fire prevention or safety protocols, when the reaction zone temperature is above 1600°F, or as specified by manufacturer.
(K) Scrubbers shall be operated, except as provided in (H) for fuel burning equipment, and except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by the fire prevention or safety protocols.
(L) Sorbent injection systems (e.g. carbon, zeolite, lime, trona etc.), shall be operated, except as provided in (H) for fuel burning equipment, and except as specified by the manufacturer or as required by the fire prevention or safety protocols, when the exhaust gas stream temperature at the point of injection is greater than 300°F and exhaust gas velocity at the injection point exceeds 25 feet per second based on measurement or operating parameters.
(M) Thermal oxidizer devices (including, but not limited to, catalytic, regenerative, and recuperative systems) shall be operated, except as required by the manufacturer or in documented fire prevention or safety protocols.
V. Similar Process Equipment Alternative Work Practice Standards Option. In lieu of following the General Alternative Work Practice Standards Option in paragraph (ii)(I)IV. above, the owner or operator of a source may follow the startup and shutdown work practice standards in Federal rules included in 40 CFR Part 60 or 40 CFR Part 63 that address compliance during startup and shutdown operations for subject equipment or equipment that would be subject to the Federal rule except for rule applicability exemptions (e.g. construction date), provided that the rule contains specific work practice standards for startup and shutdown periods. These rules are adopted by Georgia as 391-3-1-.02(8) and (9). For example, coal-fired utilities may use 40 CFR 63 Subpart UUUUU (MATS rule) startup and shutdown work practice standard to comply with Georgia Rules 391-3-1-.02(2)(b) and (d).
VI. In lieu of following the startup and shutdown alternative work practices in subparagraphs (ii)(I)IV. or (ii)(I)V. above, the owner or operator of a source may comply with a source specific alternative work practice standard for startup and shutdown periods that has been incorporated into a federally enforceable operating permit. Any application to incorporate such work practice standards shall include, at a minimum, the following considerations:
A. The request is specific to the source and control device, if applicable;
B. Demonstration that compliance with the emissions limitation during startup or shutdown is infeasible, impracticable or unsafe;
C. The proposed alternative work practice standard is designed to minimize emissions during startup or shutdown periods, to the extent practicable;
D. The proposed alternative work practice standard should require that the source is operated in a manner consistent with good practice for minimizing emissions through planning, design, and operating procedures; and
E. The proposed alternative work practice standard includes provisions for monitoring and/or recordkeeping of the operator's actions during startup and shutdown to ensure practical enforceability of the proposed work practices.
F. Such requests shall be made through the application for a permit, permit modification, or permit renewal pursuant to the permit application requirements in 391-3-1-.03. The public notice requirements specified in 391-3-1-.03(2)(i) shall be followed for all proposed alternative work practice standards in non-Title V permits. Public notice requirements specified in 391-3-1-.03(10)(e)8. and 391-3-1-.03(10)(f)1. shall be followed for all proposed alternative work practice standards in Title V permits.
(iii) Paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)11.(ii) becomes void if the June 12, 2015 publication (80 FR 33839) State Implementation Plans: Response to Petition for Rulemaking; Restatement and Update of EPA's SSM Policy Applicable to SIPs; Findings of Substantial Inadequacy; and SIP Calls to Amend Provisions Applying to Excess Emissions During Periods of Startup, Shutdown, and Malfunction is:
(I) Declared or adjudged to be invalid or unconstitutional or stayed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, the District of Columbia Circuit, or the United States Supreme Court; or
(II) Withdrawn, repealed, revoked, or otherwise rendered of no force and effect by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, Congress, or Presidential Executive Order.
12. Malfunction Emissions
(i) Upon the effective date of EPA's final approval of GA Rule Chapter 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)12.(i) and (ii) as published in the Federal Register, the provisions of this paragraph 12. shall apply in lieu of paragraph 7. to all sources subject to emission limitations and standards in 391-3-1-.02(2)(b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (n), (p), (q), (r), (t), (u), (v), (w), (x), (y), (z), (aa), (bb), (cc), (dd), (ee), (ff), (gg), (hh), (ii), (jj), (kk), (ll), (mm), (nn), (oo), (pp), (qq), (rr), (ss), (tt), (uu), (vv), (yy), (ccc), (ddd), (eee), (fff), (hhh), (jjj), (kkk), (lll), (mmm), (nnn), (rrr), (vvv), (yyy), (zzz), (aaaa). This paragraph 12. also applies to emission limitations established in accordance with the new source review requirements in 391-3-1-.02(7)(b) and/or 391-3-1-.03(8) unless malfunction emissions have already been specifically addressed via a federally enforceable permit.
(ii) Compliance Options
(I) Compliance with the emission limitations and standards identified in paragraph 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)12.(i) shall be achieved by either:
I. Complying with the applicable emission limitations and standards at all times, including periods of malfunction or
II. Complying with the applicable emission limitations and standards for emissions resulting from normal operation, and complying with a source specific malfunction work practice standard approved into a federally enforceable air quality operating permit to address emissions resulting from malfunction.
(II) Excessive emissions which are caused entirely or in part by poor maintenance, poor operation, or any other equipment or process failure which may reasonably be prevented during malfunction are prohibited and are violations of this Chapter (391-3-1).
(III) The owner or operator of a source that chooses to comply with a source specific malfunction work practice standard approved into a federally enforceable operating permit shall maintain the following documentation for five years in a form suitable for inspection and submission to the Division. Required monitoring data (during all periods of operation) and the following documentation shall be maintained:
I. Contemporaneous operating logs or other relevant evidence that document:
A. The date, time and duration of each period of malfunction where an approved source specific malfunction work practice standard was the method of compliance;
B. Any actions taken during each period of malfunction; and
C. Manufacturer's specifications and instructions, fire prevention protocols, and safety protocols relied upon to demonstrate compliance with any source specific malfunction work practice standard and records documenting implementation of the manufacturer specifications and fire prevention safety protocols.
(IV) The owner or operator of a source may comply with a source specific malfunction work practice standard for malfunction periods that has been incorporated into a federally enforceable operating permit. The request shall also include, as a minimum the following considerations:
I. The work practice standard shall minimize emissions during the malfunction event and be designed to minimize the malfunction duration.
II. Such requests shall be made through the application for a permit, permit modification, or permit renewal pursuant to the permit application requirements in 391-3-1-.03. The public notice requirements specified in 391-3-1-.03(2)(i) shall be followed for all proposed alternative work practice standards in non-Title V permits. Public notice requirements specified in 391-3-1-.03(10)(e)8. and 391-3-1-.03(10)(f)1. shall be followed for all proposed alternative work practice standards in Title V permits.
III. At all times, the source shall be operated in a manner consistent with good practice for minimizing emissions and the source uses best efforts regarding planning, design, and operating procedures. The owner or operator's actions during malfunction periods are documented by properly signed, contemporaneous operating logs or other relevant evidence.
IV. Failure to implement or follow the source specific malfunction work practice standard during a malfunction shall be a violation of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control 391-3-1-.03(2)(g).
V. Any source that has a permit without a malfunction work practice standard limit will be required to comply with the applicable emission limit.
VI. Facilities that follow an approved source specific malfunction work practice standard during a malfunction that has been addressed in the source specific malfunction work practice standard shall be deemed in compliance.

Any application requesting a source specific malfunction work practice standard shall also include the following considerations:

A. The request is specific to the source and control device, if applicable;
B. Demonstration that compliance with the emissions limitation during malfunction is infeasible, impracticable or unsafe;
C. The proposed alternative work practice standard(s) is designed to minimize emissions during malfunction periods, to the extent practicable;
D. The proposed alternative work practice standard should require that the source is operated in a manner consistent with good practice for minimizing emissions through planning, design, and operating procedures; and
E. The proposed alternative work practice standard includes provisions for monitoring and/or recordkeeping of the operator's actions during malfunctions to ensure practical enforceability of the proposed work practices.
(V) Malfunctions that are not specifically included in an approved source specific work practice, or are the result of poor maintenance, poor operation, or otherwise reasonably preventable control equipment or process failure, are prohibited and shall be considered violations and reported in accordance with 391-3-1-.02(6)(b)1.(iv), if the malfunction continues for 4 hours or more.
(VI) Unless otherwise defined in 391-3-1-.02 or in an air quality operating permit, malfunction is defined as follows:

"Malfunction" means any unavoidable failure of air pollution control equipment, process equipment, or process to operate in a normal and usual manner that results in excessive emissions. Excessive emissions during periods of routine startup and shutdown of process equipment are not considered a malfunction. Failures caused entirely or in part by poor maintenance, careless operations or any other upset condition, within the control of the emission source, are not considered malfunctions.

(iii) Paragraphs 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)12.(i) and (ii) become void if the June 12, 2015 publication (80 FR 33839) State Implementation Plans: Response to Petition for Rulemaking; Restatement and Update of EPA's SSM Policy Applicable to SIPs; Findings of Substantial Inadequacy; and SIP Calls to Amend Provisions Applying to Excess Emissions During Periods of Startup, Shutdown, and Malfunction is:
(I) Declared or adjudged to be invalid or unconstitutional or stayed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, the District of Columbia Circuit, or the United States Supreme Court; or
(II) Withdrawn, repealed, revoked, or otherwise rendered of no force and effect by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, Congress, or Presidential Executive Order.
13. Startup, Shutdown, and Malfunction Emissions for Certain Rules
(i) Upon the effective date of EPA's final approval of GA Rule Chapter 391-3-1-.02(2)(a)11. and/or 12. as published in the Federal Register, the provisions of this paragraph 13. shall apply in lieu of paragraph 7. to all sources subject to emission limitations and standards in 391-3-1-.02(2)(zz), (ggg), (iii), (ppp), (qqq), (sss), (uuu), and (www).
(I) Excessive emissions resulting from startup, shutdown, malfunction of any source which occur though ordinary diligence is employed shall be allowed provided that (I) the best operational practices to minimize emissions are adhered to, and (II) all associated air pollution control equipment is operated in a manner consistent with good air pollution control practice for minimizing emissions and (III) the duration of excessive emissions is minimized.
(II) Excessive emissions which are caused entirely or in part by poor maintenance, poor operation, or any other equipment or process failure which may reasonably be prevented during startup, shutdown or malfunction are prohibited and are violations of this Chapter (391-3-1).
(III) The provisions of this subparagraph 13.(i) shall not apply to emissions in excess of any requirement under section 391-3-1-.02(8) or (9) of this Rule (i.e. any requirement of 40 CFR Part 60, 40 CFR Part 61, or 40 CFR Part 63).
(b) Visible Emissions.
1. Except as may be provided in other more restrictive or specific rules or subdivisions of this Chapter, no person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow emissions from any air contaminant source the opacity of which is equal to or greater than forty (40) percent.
2. Upon written application to the Director, a person owning or operating an air pollution source may request that visible emission evaluations (opacity measurements) be conducted during particulate emission tests for a source, for the purpose of demonstrating compliance with a particulate emission standard. Any such tests or evaluations shall be conducted according to methods, procedures and requirements approved by the Division. All test results shall be subject to verification by the Division. The correlated visible emissions opacity determined during any such particulate emission tests which demonstrate compliance (with results verified by the Division) may, if greater than any applicable visible emissions opacity standard of this Chapter 391-3-1, be established by the Director as the visible emissions standard (opacity standard) for the source. Such visible emissions standards if so established shall be incorporated as a condition of the operating permit for the air pollution source.
3. The visible emission limitation of this subsection applies to direct sources of emissions such as stationary structures, equipment, machinery, stacks, flues, pipes, exhausts, vents, tubes, chimneys or similar structures.
4. The provisions of this subsection (b), apply only to facilities or sources subject to some other emission limitation under this section 391-3-1-.02(2).
(c) Incinerators.
1. Except as specified in the section dealing with conical burners, no person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emissions of fly ash and/or other particulate matter from any incinerator, in amounts equal to or exceeding the following:
(i) Units with charging rates of 500 pounds per hour or less of combustible waste, including water, shall not emit fly ash and/or particulate matter in quantities exceeding 1.0 pound per hour.
(ii) Units with charging rates in excess of 500 pounds per hour of combustible waste, including water, shall not emit fly ash and/or particulate matter in excess of 0.20 pounds per 100 pounds of charge.
2. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow from any incinerator, visible emissions the opacity of which is equal to or greater than twenty (20) percent except for one 6-minute period per hour of not more than twenty-seven (27) percent opacity.
3. No person shall cause or allow particles to be emitted from an incinerator which are individually large enough to be visible to the unaided eye.
4. No person shall operate an existing incinerator unless:
(i) it is a dual or multiple chamber incinerator;
(ii) it is equipped with an auxiliary burner in the primary chamber for the purpose of creating a pre-ignition temperature of 800°F; and
(iii) it has a secondary burner to control smoke and/or odors and maintain a temperature of at least 1500°F in the secondary chamber.
5. Designs other than those mentioned in Subparagraph 4. above shall be considered on an individual basis and will be exempt from the provisions if, in the judgment of the Director, said design results in performance which meets the standard set forth in paragraphs (2)(c)1., 2. and 3. above.
6. The provisions of this Subsection (c) shall not apply to:
(i) any hazardous waste incinerator subject to Section 391-3-11 of the Georgia Rules for Hazardous Waste Management, 40 CFR 264, Subpart O, as adopted by reference, "Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities," as amended;
(ii) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)71. of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control, "Standards of Performance for Municipal Waste Combustors for Which Construction is Commenced After September 20, 1994," as amended;
(iii) any incinerator subject to the Georgia State Plan, under Section 111(d) of the federal Act, for "Municipal Waste Combustors for Which Construction is Commenced On or Before September 20, 1994," as amended;
(iv) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)73. of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Standards of Performance for Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerators for Which Construction is Commenced After June 20, 1996," as amended;
(v) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(2)(iii) of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerators for Which Construction is Commenced On or Before June 20, 1996," as amended;
(vi) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)75. of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Standards of Performance for Commercial/Industrial/Solid Waste Incinerators for Which Construction is Commenced After November 30, 1999," as amended;
(vii) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(2)(ppp) of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Commercial/Industrial/Solid Waste Incinerators" for Which Construction is Commenced On or Before November 30, 1999," as amended;
(viii) any vent gas incineration devices that are used as air pollution control equipment and boilers and industrial furnaces that burn waste (excluding hazardous waste) as a fuel;
(ix) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)20. of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Standards of Performance for Sewage Treatment Plants," as amended;
(x) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)74. of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Standards of Performance for Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units for Which Construction is Commenced After August 30, 1999," as amended;
(xi) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)76. of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Standards of Performance for Other Solid Waste Incinerator Units for Which Construction is Commenced After December 9, 2004, or for Which Modification or Reconstruction is Commenced on or After June 16, 2006," as amended;
(xii) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)83. of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Standards of Performance for New Sewage Sludge Incineration Units" as amended; or
(xiii) any incinerator subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(2)(www) of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "Sewage Sludge Incineration Units Constructed On or Before October 14, 2010" as amended.
(d) Fuel-Burning Equipment.
1. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emission of fly ash and/or other particulate matter from any fuel-burning equipment in operation or under construction on or before January 1, 1972, in amounts equal to or exceeding the following:
(i) for equipment less than 10 million Btu heat input per hour:

P = 0.7 pounds per million Btu heat input;

(ii) for equipment equal to or greater than 10 million BTU heat input per hour, and equal to or less than 2,000 million BTU heat input per hour:


                image: ga/admin/2017/391-3-1-.02_002.png

(iii) equipment larger than 2,000 million BTU heat input per hour:

P = 0.24 pounds per million BTU heat input.

2. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emission of fly ash and/or other particulate matter from any fuel-burning equipment constructed after January 1, 1972, in amounts equal to or exceeding the following:
(i) for equipment less than 10 million BTU heat input per hour:

P = 0.5 pounds per million BTU heat input;

(ii) for equipment equal to or greater than 10 million BTU heat input per hour, and equal to or less than 250 million BTU heat input per hour:


                image: ga/admin/2017/391-3-1-.02_004.png

(iii) for equipment greater than 250 million BTU heat input per hour:

P = 0.10 pounds per million BTU heat input

P = allowable weight of emissions of fly ash and/or other particulate matter in pounds per million BTU heat input

R = heat input of fuel-burning equipment in million BTU per hour

3. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emission from any fuel-burning equipment constructed or extensively modified after January 1, 1972, visible emissions the opacity of which is equal to or greater than twenty (20) percent except for one six minute period per hour of not more than twenty-seven (27) percent opacity.
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emission of nitrogen oxides (NOX), reported as nitrogen dioxide, from any fuel-burning equipment equal to or greater than 250 million BTU per hour of heat input that is constructed or extensively modified after January 1, 1972, equal to or exceeding the following:
(i) when firing coal--0.7 pounds of NOX per million BTUs of heat input;
(ii) when firing oil--0.3 pounds of NOX per million BTUs of heat input;
(iii) when firing gas--0.2 pounds of NOX per million Btus of heat input;
(iv) when different fuels are burned simultaneously in any combination the applicable standard, expressed as pounds of NOX per million BTUs of heat input, shall be determined by proration. Compliance shall be determined by using the following formula:


                image: ga/admin/2017/391-3-1-.02_006.png

where:

x = percent of total heat input derived from gaseous fuel;

y = percent of total heat input derived from oil;

z = percent of total heat input derived from coal.

(e) Particulate Emission from Manufacturing Processes.
1. Except as may be specified in other sections of these regulations or as may be specified in a permit issued by the Director, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the rate of emission from any source, particulate matter in total quantities equal to or exceeding the amounts specified in subparagraphs (i) or (ii), below, as applicable. Equipment in operation, or under construction contract, on or before July 2, 1968, shall be considered existing equipment. All other equipment put in operation or extensively altered after said date is to be considered new equipment.
(i) The following equations shall be used to calculate the allowable rates of emission from new equipment:

E = 4.1 P0.67; for process input weight rate up to and including 30 tons per hour.

E = 55 P0.11 - 40; for process input weight rate above 30 tons per hour.

(ii) The following equation shall be used to calculate the allowable rates of emission from existing equipment:

E = 4.1 P0.67

E = emission rate in pounds per hour

P = process input weight rate in tons per hour.

(f) Normal Superphosphate Manufacturing Facilities.
1. Unit emissions of fluoride for normal superphosphate manufacturing facilities, expressed as pounds of fluoride ion per ton of P205 or equivalent, shall not exceed 0.40 pounds. The allowable emission of fluorides shall be calculated by multiplying the unit emission specified above times the expressed design capacity of the source in question.
(g) Sulfur Dioxide.
1. New fuel-burning sources capable of firing fossil fuel(s) at a rate exceeding 250 million BTUs per hour heat input, constructed or extensively modified after January 1, 1972, excluding kraft pulp mill recovery furnaces, may not emit sulfur dioxide equal to or exceeding:
(i) 0.8 pounds of sulfur dioxide per million BTUs of heat input derived from liquid fossil fuel or derived from liquid fossil fuel and wood residue;
(ii) 1.2 pounds of sulfur dioxide per million BTUs of heat input derived from solid fossil fuel or derived from solid fossil fuel and wood residue;
(iii) When different fossil fuels are burned simultaneously in any combination, the applicable standard expressed as pounds of sulfur dioxide per million BTUs of heat input shall be determined by proration using the following formula:


                image: ga/admin/2017/391-3-1-.02_008.png

where:

y = percent of total heat input derived from liquid fossil fuel;

z = percent of total heat input derived from solid fossil fuel;

a = the allowable emission in pounds per million BTUs.

2. All fuel burning sources below 100 million BTUs of heat input per hour shall not burn fuel containing more than 2.5 percent sulfur, by weight. All fuel burning sources having a heat input of 100 million BTUs per hour or greater shall not burn a fuel containing more than 3 percent sulfur, by weight.
3. Notwithstanding the limitations on sulfur content of fuels stated in paragraph 2. above, the Director may allow sulfur content greater than that allowed in paragraph 2. above, provided that the source utilizes sulfur dioxide removal and the sulfur dioxide emission does not exceed that allowed by paragraph 2. above, utilizing no sulfur dioxide removal.
(h) Portland Cement Plants.
1. See Section 391-3-1-.02(8) for applicable New Source Performance Standards.
(i) Nitric Acid Plants.
1. No person shall cause or allow the emission of nitrogen oxides (NOX), expressed as nitrogen dioxide, from Nitric Acid Plants equal to or exceeding:
(i) for plants constructed before January 1, 1972: 25 pounds of NOX expressed as nitrogen dioxide, per ton of 100% acid produced;
(ii) for plants constructed after January 1, 1972, the applicable New Source Performance Standards of 391-3-1-.02(8).
2. No person shall operate a nitric acid plant unless the plant is equipped with a continuous NOX monitor and recorder or an alternate system approved by the Director.
(j) Sulfuric Acid Plants.
1. No person shall cause or allow the emission of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and acid mist from sulfuric acid plants equal to or exceeding:
(i) For plants constructed before January 1, 1972, 27.0 pounds of SO2, and 0.15 pounds of acid mist per ton of 100% acid produced;
(ii) For plants constructed or extensively modified after January 1, 1972, the applicable New Source Performance Standards of 391-3-1.02(8).
2. No person shall operate a sulfuric acid plant unless the plant is equipped with a continuous SO2 monitor and recorder or an approved alternate system approved by the Director.
(k) Particulate Emission from Asphaltic Concrete Hot Mix Plants.
1. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emission of particulate matter from an Asphaltic Concrete Hot Mix Plant equal to or exceeding amounts derived from the following formulas:
(i) For existing plants below 45 tons per hour input--E = P, pounds per hour;
(ii) For existing plants equal to or greater than 45 tons per hour input--E = 10P0.4 pounds per hour;
(iii) For new plants below 125 tons per hour input--E = 2.1P0.6, pounds per hour;
(iv) For new plants equal to or greater than 125 tons per hour input--E = 14P0.2, pounds per hour;
(v) Equals the allowable emission of particulate matter in pounds per hour. P equals the process input weight rate in tons per hour;
(vi) Equipment in operation, or under construction contract, on or before January 1, 1972, shall be considered existing equipment. All equipment constructed or extensively altered after said date shall be considered new.
2. The New Source Performance Standards of 391-3-1-.02(8) for such asphaltic concrete plants apply to all such plants commencing construction on or after the effective date of such standards.
(l) [reserved]
(m) Repealed.
(n) Fugitive Dust.
1. All persons responsible for any operation, process, handling, transportation or storage facility which may result in fugitive dust shall take all reasonable precautions to prevent such dust from becoming airborne. Some reasonable precautions which could be taken to prevent dust from becoming airborne include, but are not limited to, the following:
(i) Use, where possible, of water or chemicals for control of dust in the demolition of existing buildings or structures, construction operations, the grading of roads or the clearing of land;
(ii) Application of asphalt, water, or suitable chemicals on dirt roads, materials, stockpiles, and other surfaces which can give rise to airborne dusts;
(iii) Installation and use of hoods, fans, and fabric filters to enclose and vent the handling of dusty materials. Adequate containment methods can be employed during sandblasting or other similar operations;
(iv) Covering, at all times when in motion, open bodied trucks, transporting materials likely to give rise to airborne dusts;
(v) The prompt removal of earth or other material from paved streets onto which earth or other material has been deposited.
2. The percent opacity from any fugitive dust source listed in paragraph (2)(n)1. above shall not equal or exceed 20 percent.
(o) [reserved]
(p) Particulate Emissions from Kaolin and Fuller's Earth Processes.
1. The following equations shall be used to calculate the allowable rates of emission from kaolin and fuller's earth process equipment constructed or extensively modified after January 1, 1972:
(i) E = 3.59P0.62; for process input weight rate up to and including 30 tons per hour;
(ii) E = 17.31P0.l6; for process input weight rate in excess of 30 tons per hour.
2. The following equation shall be used to calculate the allowable rates of emission from kaolin and fuller's earth process equipment constructed or put in operation on or before January 1, 1972:
(i) E = 4.1P0.67; for process input weight rate up to and including 30 tons per hour;
(ii) E = 55P0.11 - 40; for process input weight rate above 30 tons per hour.

E = allowable emission rate in pounds per hour;

P = process input weight rate in tons per hour.

(q) Particulate Emissions from Cotton Gins.
1. The emission of particulate matter from any cotton ginning operation shall not exceed the amounts specified below.
(i) The following equation shall be used to calculate the allowable rates of emission:

E = 7 B0.5

E = allowable emission rate in pounds per hour

B = number of standard bales per hour--A standard bale is defined as a finished bale weighing 500 pounds.

(r) Particulate Emissions from Granular and Mixed Fertilizer Manufacturing Units.
1. For the purpose of this regulation the ammoniator, dryer, cooler and associated equipment will be considered one unit.
2. The following equations shall be used to calculate the allowable rates of emission from granular and mixed fertilizer manufacturing units:
(i) E = 3.59P0.62; for production weights up to and including 30 tons per hour;
(ii) E =17.31P0.16; for production rates above 30 tons per hour;

E = allowable emission rate in pounds per hour;

P = production rate of finished product in tons per hour. Recycle will not be included.

(s) Nitrogen Oxides. (Repealed)
(t) VOC Emissions from Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Manufacturing.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emissions of VOC from automobile and/or light-duty truck manufacturing facilities to exceed:
(i) 1.2 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating excluding water, as a monthly weighted average, from each electrophoretic applied prime operation;
(ii) 15.1 pounds of VOC per gallon of applied coating solids, as a daily weighted average, from each spray prime operation;
(iii) 15.1 pounds of VOC per gallon of applied coating solids, as a daily weighted average, from each topcoat operation;
(iv) 4.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating delivered to the coating applicator from each final repair operation. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 4.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, the limit shall be 13.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating solids sprayed, as a daily weighted average.
(v) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of sealer. excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies sealers in amounts less than 25,000 gallons during a 12 consecutive month period;
(vi) 1.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of sealer, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies sealers in amounts greater than 25,000 gallons during a 12 consecutive month period;
(vii) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of adhesive, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies adhesives, except body glass adhesives;
(viii) 6.9 pounds of VOC per gallon of cleaner, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies cleaner to the edge of body glass prior to priming;
(ix) 5.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of primer, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies primer to the body glass or to the body to prepare the glass and body for bonding;
(x) 1.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of adhesive, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies adhesive to bond body glass to the body;
(xi) 4.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating delivered to any applicator that applies clear coating to fascias. No coating may be used that exceeds this limit;
(xii) 4.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating delivered to any applicator that applies base coat to fascias, on a daily weighted average basis;
(xiii) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of material, excluding water, for all other materials not subject to some other emission limitation stated in this paragraph.
2. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emissions of VOC from automobile and/or light-duty truck manufacturing facilities to exceed:
(i) 0.7 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating solids applied, as a monthly weighted average, from each electrodeposition primer (EDP) operation when the solids turnover ratio is greater than or equal to 0.16. For purposes of this subsection an EDP operation includes application area, spray/rinse stations, and curing oven.
(ii) Electrodeposition Primer Operation: the value calculated by the following formula, as a monthly weighted average, from each electrodeposition primer (EDP) operation when the solids turnover ratio is less than 0.160 and greater than or equal to 0.040:
(I) pounds of VOC per gallon of coating solids applied

=


                image: ga/admin/2017/391-3-1-.02_010.png

where RT = Solids Turnover Ratio

(iii) 12.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of deposited solids, as a daily weighted average basis from each of the following: primer-surfacer operation; topcoat operation; combined primer-surfacer and topcoat operations. For purposes of this subsection each operation includes application area, flash-off area, and oven.
(iv) 4.8 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, less water and less exempt solvents, as a daily weighted average, from each final repair operation.
(v) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of sealer, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies sealers in amounts less than 25,000 gallons during a 12 consecutive-month period;
(vi) 1.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of sealer, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies sealers in amounts greater than 25,000 gallons during a 12 consecutive-month period;
(vii) 250 grams of VOC per liter of adhesive (2.08 lb/gallon), excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies adhesives, except body glass adhesives and weatherstrip adhesives;
(viii) 1.0 pounds of VOC per gallon of adhesive, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies adhesive to bond body glass to the body;
(ix) 6.9 pounds of VOC per gallon of cleaner, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies cleaner to the edge of body glass prior to priming;
(x) 5.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of primer, excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies glass bonding primer to the body glass or to the body to prepare the glass and body for bonding;
(xi) 4.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating delivered to any applicator that applies clear coating to fascias. No coating may be used that exceeds this limit;
(xii) 4.4 pounds of VOC per gallon of coating delivered to any applicator that applies base coat to fascias, on a daily weighted average basis;
(xiii) 200 grams of VOC per liter of coating (1.669 lb/gal), excluding water, delivered to an applicator that applies one of the following: gasket/gasket sealing material; bedliner;
(xiv) 3.5 pounds of VOC per gallon of material, excluding water, for all other materials not subject to some other emission limitation stated in this paragraph. This includes but is not limited to coatings such as cavity wax, deadener, underbody coating, interior coating, weatherstrip adhesive, and/or lubricating wax/compound.
3. The emission limits stated in paragraphs 1. and 2. shall be achieved by the application of low solvent technology or a system demonstrated to have equivalent control efficiency on the basis of pounds of VOC per gallon of solids.
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emissions of VOC from the use of wipe-off solvents to exceed 1.0 pounds per unit of production as a rolling, 12-month average. Wipe-off solvents shall include those solvents used to clean dirt, grease, excess sealer and adhesive, or other foreign matter from the car body in preparation for painting or other production-related operation.
5. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emission of VOCs from flush or clean paint application systems including paint lines, tanks and applicators, unless such solvents are captured to the maximum degree feasible by being directed into containers that prevent evaporation into the atmosphere.
6. No person shall store solvents or waste solvents in drums, pails, cans or other containers unless such containers have air-tight covers which are in place at all times when materials are not being transferred into or out of the container.
7. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emissions of VOC from the cleaning of oil and grease stains on the body shop floor to exceed 0.1 pounds per unit of production.
8. For the purpose of this subsection; the following definitions apply:
(i) "Adhesive" means any chemical substance that is applied for the purpose of bonding two surfaces together without regard to the substrates involved other than by mechanical means.
(ii) "Automobile" means all passenger cars or passenger car derivatives capable of seating a maximum of 12 or fewer passengers.
(iii) "Bedliner" means a multi-component coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to a cargo bed after the application of topcoat and outside of the topcoat operation to provide additional durability and chip resistance.
(iv) "Cavity wax" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied into the cavities of the vehicle primarily for the purpose of enhancing corrosion protection.
(v) "Deadener" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to selected vehicle surfaces primarily for the purpose of reducing the sound of road noise in the passenger compartment.
(vi) "Electrodeposition primer" means a process of applying a protective, corrosion-resistant waterborne primer on exterior and interior surfaces that provides thorough coverage of recessed areas. It is a dip coating method that uses an electrical field to apply or deposit the conductive coating onto the part. The object being painted acts as an electrode that is oppositely charged from the particles of paint in the dip tank. Also referred to as E-coat, Uni-Prime, and ELPO Primer.
(vii) "Electrophoretic Applied Prime Operation" means the dip tank flash-off area and bake oven(s) which are used to apply and dry or cure the initial coating on components of automobile and light-duty truck bodies by submerging the body components in a coating bath with an electrical potential difference between the components and the bath, and drying or curing such coating on the components in bake oven(s);
(viii) "Final repair" means the operations performed and coating(s) applied to completely-assembled motor vehicles or to parts that are not yet on a completely assembled vehicle to correct damage or imperfections in the coating. The curing of the coatings applied in these operations is accomplished at a lower temperature than that used for curing primer-surfacer and topcoat. This lower temperature cure avoids the need to send parts that are not yet on a completely assembled vehicle through the same type of curing process used for primer-surfacer and topcoat and is necessary to protect heat sensitive components on completely assembled vehicles.
(ix) "Gasket/gasket sealing material" means a fluid, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to coat a gasket or replace and perform the same function as a gasket. Automobile and light-duty truck gasket/gasket sealing material includes room temperature vulcanization (RTV) seal material.
(x) "Glass bonding primer" means a primer, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to windshield or other glass, or to body openings, to prepare the glass or body opening for the application of glass bonding adhesives or the installation of adhesive bonded glass. Automobile and light-duty truck glass bonding primer includes glass bonding/cleaning primers that perform both functions (cleaning and priming of the windshield or other glass, or body openings) prior to the application of adhesive or the installation of adhesive bonded glass.
(xi) "In-line repair" means the operation performed and coating(s) applied to correct damage or imperfections in the topcoat on parts that are not yet on a completely assembled vehicle. The curing of the coatings applied in these operations is accomplished at essentially the same temperature as that used for curing the previously applied topcoat. Also referred to as high bake repair or high bake reprocess. In-line repair is considered part of the topcoat operation.
(xii) "Interior coating" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility outside of the primer-surfacer and topcoat operations, applied to the trunk interior to provide chip protection.
(xiii) "Light-Duty Trucks" means any motor vehicles rated 8500 pounds gross weight or less which are designed primarily for the purpose of transportation or are derivatives of such vehicles;
(xiv) "Lubricating wax/compound" means a protective lubricating material, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to vehicle hubs and hinges.
(xv) "Manufacturing Facility" means a facility which assembles twenty (20) or more automobiles or light-duty trucks per day (either separately or in combination) ready for sale to vehicle dealers. Customizers, body shops and other repainters are not part of this definition;
(xvi) "Primer-surfacer" means an intermediate protective coating applied over the electrodeposition primer and under the topcoat. Primer-surfacer provides adhesion, protection, and appearance properties to the total finish. Primer-surfacer may also be called guide coat or surfacer. Primer-surfacer operations may include other coating(s) (e.g., anti-chip, lower-body anti-chip, chip-resistant edge primer, spot primer, blackout, deadener, interior color, basecoat replacement coating, etc.) that is (are) applied in the same spray booth(s).
(xvii) "Sealer" means a high viscosity material, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, generally, but not always, applied in the paint shop after the body has received an electrodeposition primer coating and before the application of subsequent coatings (e.g., primer-surfacer). The primary purpose of automobile and light-duty truck sealer is to fill body joints completely so that there is no intrusion of water, gases or corrosive materials into the passenger area of the body compartment. Such materials are also referred to as sealant, sealant primer, or caulk.
(xviii) "Solids turnover ratio (RT)" means the ratio of total volume of coating solids that is added to the EDP system in a calendar month divided by the total volume design capacity of the EDP system.
(xix) "Spray Prime Operation" means the spray prime booth, flash-off area and bake oven(s) which are used to apply and dry or cure a surface coating between the electrophoretic applied prime and topcoat operations on the components of automobile and light-duty truck bodies;
(xx) "Topcoat" means the final coating system applied to provide the final color and/or a protective finish. The topcoat may be a monocoat color or basecoat/clearcoat system. In-line repair and two-tone are part of topcoat. Topcoat operations may include other coating(s) (e.g., blackout, interior color, etc.) that is (are) applied in the same spray booth(s).
(xxi) "Underbody coating" means a coating, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the undercarriage or firewall to prevent corrosion and/or provide chip protection.
(xxii) "Weatherstrip adhesive" means an adhesive, used at an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to weatherstripping materials for the purpose of bonding the weatherstrip material to the surface of the vehicle.
9. Applicability: Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (t) shall apply to facilities at which actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of automobile and light-duty truck assembly coatings equal or exceed 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8.
10. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (t) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of automobile and light-duty truck assembly coatings equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8.
11. Applicability: On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (t) shall apply to facilities at which actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of automobile and light-duty truck assembly coatings equal or exceed 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period and are located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8.
(ii) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraph 2 are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 14.
12. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (t) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of automobile and light-duty truck assembly coatings equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding and Walton as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8.
13. Applicability: The requirements of subparagraphs 11. and 12. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 9. and 10. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraphs 11. and 12. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
14. Compliance Schedule:
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements specified in subparagraph 2 must be completed before January 1, 2015.
(u) VOC Emissions from Can Coating.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from can coating operations to exceed:
(i) 2.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from sheet base coat (exterior and interior) and overvarnish or two-piece can exterior (basecoat and overvarnish) operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.52 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(ii) 4.2 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from two and three-piece can interior body spray and two-piece can exterior end (spray and roll coat) operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 4.2 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 9.78 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iii) 5.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from three-piece side-seam spray operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 5.5 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 21.8 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iv) 3.7 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from end seal compound operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.7 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 7.44 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
2. The emission limits in this subsection shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit, expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the non-methane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection.
3. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "End sealing compound" means a synthetic rubber compound which is coated onto can ends and which functions as a gasket when the end is assembled on the can.
(ii) "Exterior base coating" means a coating applied to the exterior of a two-piece can body to provide protection to the metal or to provide background for the lithographic or printing operation.
(iii) "Sheet base coating" means a coating applied to metal in sheet form to serve as either the exterior or interior of two-piece or three-piece can bodies or can ends.
(iv) "Interior body spray" means a coating sprayed on the interior of the can body to provide a protective film between the product and the can.
(v) "Overvarnish" means a coating applied directly over ink to reduce the coefficient of friction, to provide gloss and to protect the finish against abrasion and corrosion.
(vi) "Three-piece can side-seam spray" means a coating sprayed on the exterior and interior of a welded, cemented or solder seam to protect the exposed metal.
(vii) "Two-piece can exterior end coating" means a coating applied by roller coating or spraying to the exterior end of a can to provide protection to the metal.
(v) VOC Emissions from Coil Coating.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from coil coating operations to exceed:
(i) 2.6 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from prime and topcoat or single coat operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.6 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.02 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(ii) The emission limits in this subsection shall apply to the coating applicator(s), oven(s) and quench area(s) of coil coating lines involved in prime and topcoat or single coat operations.
2. The emission limits in this subsection shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit of 2.6 pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit of 4.02 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the non-methane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit of 4.02 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection.
3. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Coil Coating" means the coating of any flat metal sheet or strip that comes in rolls or coils;
(ii) "Quench Area" means a chamber where the hot metal exiting the oven is cooled by either a spray of water or a blast of air followed by water cooling.
(w) VOC Emissions from Paper Coating.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from paper coating to exceed:
(i) 2.9 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from a paper coating line. This limit shall apply to roll, knife, rotogravure and saturation coater(s) and drying oven(s) of paper coating. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.9 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.79 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
2. The emission limits in subparagraph 1. shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit of 2.9 pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit of 4.79 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the non-methane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit of 4.79 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids.
3. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from paper, film and foil coating unless:
(i) VOC emission reduction equipment with an overall VOC control efficiency is 90 percent for each coating line is installed and operated; or
(ii) VOC emissions are less than 0.08 pounds per pound of coating for each coating line except pressure sensitive tape and label coating; or
(iii) VOC emissions are less than 0.40 pounds per pound of solids applied for each coating line except pressure sensitive tape and label coating.
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from pressure sensitive tape and label coating unless:
(i) VOC emission reduction equipment with an overall VOC control efficiency is 90 percent for each coating line is installed and operated; or
(ii) VOC emissions are less than 0.067 pounds per pound of coating for each coating line; or
(iii) VOC emissions are less than 0.20 pounds per pound of solids applied for each coating line.
5. Each owner or operator of a facility that coats paper, film or foil including pressure sensitive tape and label coating shall comply with the following housekeeping requirements for any affected cleaning operation:
(i) store all VOC-containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers;
(ii) ensure that storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;
(iii) minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;
(iv) convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and
(v) minimize VOC emissions from cleaning of application, storage, mixing, and conveying equipment by ensuring that equipment cleaning is performed without atomizing the cleaning solvent and all spent solvent is captured in closed containers.
6. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Knife Coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of drawing the substrate beneath a knife that spreads the coating evenly over the full width of the substrate;
(ii) "Paper Coating" means the application of a coating on paper and pressure sensitive tapes, including plastic film and metallic foil, regardless of substrate, in which the coating is distributed uniformly across the web;
(iii) "Roll Coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of hard rubber or steel rolls;
(iv) "Rotogravure Coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of a roll coating technique in which the pattern to be applied is etched on the coating roll. The coating material is picked up in these recessed areas and is transferred to the substrate.
7. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (w) shall apply to facilities at which the actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper, film, and foil coating, including pressure sensitive tape and label coating, equal or exceed 15 pounds per day and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 6.
8. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (w) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper, film, and foil coating, including pressure sensitive tape and label coating, equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 6
9. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this Subparagraph (w) shall apply to facilities at which actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper, film, and foil coating, including pressure sensitive tape and label coating, equal or exceed 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period) for facilities located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 5. and 6.
(ii) Individual surface coating lines that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper, film, and foil coating, including pressure sensitive tape and label coating, that equal or exceed 25 tons per year shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 3. and 4.
(iii) Individual surface coating lines that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper, film, and foil coating, including pressure sensitive tape and label coating, that do not equal or exceed 25 tons per year and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, or Rockdale County shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1. and 2.
(iv) Individual surface coating lines that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper, film, and foil coating, including pressure sensitive tape and label coating, that do not equal or exceed 25 tons per year but are located at facilities that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper coating that equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, or Walton County shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1. and 2.
(v) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraphs 3., 4., or 5. are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 12.
10. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (w) shall apply to facilities at which potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from paper, film, and foil coating, including pressure sensitive tape and label coating, equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside of counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 6.
11. Applicability. The requirements of subparagraphs 9. and 10. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 7. and 8. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraphs 9. and 10. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
12. Compliance schedule.
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements of subparagraphs 3., 4., and 5. must be completed before January 1, 2015.
(x) VOC Emissions from Fabric and Vinyl Coating.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from fabric and vinyl coating operations to exceed:
(i) 2.9 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from a fabric coating line. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.9 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.79 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(ii) 3.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from a vinyl coating line. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 7.86 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iii) The emission limits in this subsection shall apply to roll, knife, or rotogravure coater(s) and drying oven(s) of fabric and vinyl coating lines.
2. The emission limits in this subsection shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit, expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating excluding water, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit, expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; averaging across lines is not allowed: or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the non-methane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection.
3. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Fabric Coating" means the coating of a textile substrate with a knife roll, or rotogravure coater to impart properties that are not initially present, such as strength, stability, water or acid repellency, or appearance;
(ii) "Knife Coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of drawing the substrate beneath a knife that spreads the coating evenly over the full width of the substrate;
(iii) "Roll coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of hard rubber or steel rolls;
(iv) "Rotogravure Coating" means the application of a coating material to a substrate by means of a roll coating technique in which the pattern to be applied is etched on the coating roll. The coating material is picked up in these recessed areas and is transferred to the substrate.
(v) "Vinyl Coating" means applying a decorative or protective topcoat, or printing on vinyl coated fabric or vinyl sheets, but shall not mean applying plastisol coating.
(y) VOC Emissions from Metal Furniture Coating.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from metal furniture coating operations to exceed:
(i) 3.0 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from prime and topcoat or single coat operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.0 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 5.06 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(ii) The emission limit in this subparagraph shall apply to the application area(s), flashoff area(s) and oven(s) of metal furniture coating lines involved in prime and topcoat or single coat operations.
2. The emission limits in subparagraph 1. shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit of 3.0 pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour or monthly weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit of 5.06 pounds VOC-per-gallon of coating solids (averaging across lines is not allowed); or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit of 5.06 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids.
3. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from metal furniture coating operations for baked coatings to exceed:
(i) 2.3 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from general one-component, and general multi-component coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.3 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 3.3 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids as applied.
(ii) 3.0 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from extreme high gloss, extreme performance, heat resistant, metallic, solar absorbent and pretreatment coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.0 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 5.06 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids as applied.
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from metal furniture coating operations for air-dried coatings to exceed:
(i) 2.3 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from general one-component coatings. If any coating contains more than 2.3 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 3.3 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids as applied.
(ii) 2.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from general multi-component, and extreme high gloss coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.5 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids as applied.
(iii) 3.0 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from extreme performance, heat resistant, metallic, solar absorbent and pretreatment coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.0 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 5.06 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids as applied.
5. Each owner or operator of a facility that coats metal furniture shall ensure that all coating application systems utilize one or more of the application techniques stated below:
(i) Electrostatic spray application;
(ii) High volume low pressure (HVLP) spraying;
(iii) Flow/curtain application;
(iv) Roll coating;
(v) Dip coat application including electrodeposition;
(vi) Brush coat;
(vii) Airless spray;
(viii) Air-assisted airless spray; or
(ix) Other coating application methods that achieve transfer efficiency equivalent to HVLP or electrostatic spray application methods, as determined by the Director.
6. Each owner or operator of a facility that coats metal furniture shall comply with the following work practice standards:
(i) store all VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials in closed containers;
(ii) ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;
(iii) minimize spills of VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials; and
(iv) convey VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.
7. Each owner or operator of a facility that coats metal furniture shall comply with the following housekeeping requirements for any affected cleaning operation:
(i) store all VOC-containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers;
(ii) ensure that storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;
(iii) minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;
(iv) convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and
(v) minimize VOC emissions from cleaning of application, storage, mixing, and conveying equipment by ensuring that equipment cleaning is performed without atomizing the cleaning solvent and all spent solvent is captured in closed containers.
8. The VOC limits specified in this subparagraphs 3. and 4. do not apply to the following types of metal furniture coatings and/or coating operations:
(i) Touch-up and repair coatings;
(ii) Stencil coatings;
(iii) Safety-indicating coatings;
(iv) Solid-film lubricants;
(v) Electric-insulating and thermal-conducting coatings; and
(vi) Coating application utilizing hand-held aerosol cans.
9. The emission limits in subparagraphs 3. and 4. shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water, stated in subparagraphs 3. and 4. of this subparagraph; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids, stated in subparagraphs 3. and 4. of this subparagraph; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit, expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids stated in subparagraphs 3. and 4. of this subparagraph.
10. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Application Area" means the area where the coating is applied by spraying, dipping or flow coating techniques.
(ii) "Metal Furniture Coating" means the surface coating of any furniture made of metal or any metal part, which will be assembled with other metal wood, fabric, plastic or glass parts to form a furniture piece.
11. Applicability: Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (y) shall apply to facilities at which the actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of metal furniture coatings equal or exceed 15 pounds per day and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 10.
12. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (y) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of metal furniture coatings equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 10.
13. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (y) shall apply to facilities at which the actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of metal furniture coatings, before controls, equal or exceed 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per12-month rolling period) for facilities located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8., 9., and 10.
(ii) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8., or 9. are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 16.
14. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (y) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of metal furniture coatings equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 10.
15. Applicability. The requirements of subparagraphs 13. and 14. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 11. and 12. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraphs 13. and 14. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
16. Compliance schedule:
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements of subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8., and 9. must be completed before January 1, 2015.
(z) VOC Emissions from Large Appliance Surface Coating.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from the surface coating of large appliances to exceed:
(i) 2.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from prime single or topcoat operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.52 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator;
(ii) The emission limits in this subparagraph shall apply to the application area(s), flashoff area(s) and oven(s) of large appliance coating lines involved in prime, single or topcoat coating operations;
(iii) The emission limit in this subparagraph shall not apply to the use of quick drying lacquers used for repair of scratches and nicks.
2. The emission limits in subparagraph 1. shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit of 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit of 4.52 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the non-methane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit of 4.52 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids.
3. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from the surface coating of large appliances using baked coatings to exceed:
(i) 2.3 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt compounds, delivered to the coating applicator general one component and general multi-component coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.3 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 3.3 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator;
(ii) 2.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt compounds, delivered to the coating applicator from extreme high gloss, extreme performance, heat resistant, metallic, and solar absorbent, and pretreatment coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.5 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator;
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from the surface coating of large appliances using air-dried coatings to exceed:
(i) 2.3 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt compounds, delivered to the coating applicator from general one-component coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.3 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 3.3 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator;
(ii) 2.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt compounds, delivered to the coating applicator from general multi-component, extreme high gloss, extreme performance, heat resistant, metallic, solar absorbent and pretreatment coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.5 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator;
5. Each owner or operator of a facility that coats large appliances shall ensure that all coating application systems utilize one or more of the application techniques stated below:
(i) Electrostatic spray application;
(ii) High volume low pressure (HVLP) spraying;
(iii) Flow/curtain application;
(iv) Roll coating;
(v) Dip coat application including electrodeposition;
(vi) Brush coat;
(vii) Airless spray;
(viii) Air-assisted airless spray; or
(ix) Other coating application methods that achieve transfer efficiency equivalent to HVLP or electrostatic spray application methods, as determined by the Director.
6. Each owner or operator of a facility that coats large appliances shall comply with the following work practice standards:
(i) store all VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials in closed containers;
(ii) ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;
(iii) minimize spills of VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials; and
(iv) convey VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.
7. Each owner or operator of a facility that coats large appliances shall comply with the following housekeeping requirements for any affected cleaning operation:
(i) store all VOC-containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers;
(ii) ensure that storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;
(iii) minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;
(iv) convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and
(v) minimize VOC emissions from cleaning of application, storage, mixing, and conveying equipment by ensuring that equipment cleaning is performed without atomizing the cleaning solvent and all spent solvent is captured in closed containers.
8. The VOC limits specified in subparagraphs 3. and 4. do not apply to the following types of large appliance coatings and/or coating operations:
(i) Touch-up and repair coatings;
(ii) Stencil coatings;
(iii) Safety-indicating coatings;
(iv) Solid-film lubricants;
(v) Electric-insulating and thermal-conducting coatings; and
(vi) Coating application utilizing hand-held aerosol cans.
9. The emission limits in subparagraphs 3. and 4. shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water, stated in subparagraphs 3. and 4. of this subparagraph; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids, stated in subparagraphs 3. and 4. of this subparagraph (averaging across lines is not allowed); or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit, expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids stated in subparagraphs 3. and 4. of this subparagraph.
10. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Application Area" means the area where the coating is applied by spraying, dipping or flow coating techniques.
(ii) "Single Coat" means a single film of coating applied directly to the metal substrate omitting the primer application.
(iii) "Large Appliances" means doors, cases, lids, panels and interior support parts of residential and commercial washers, dryers, ranges, refrigerators, freezers, water heaters, dishwashers, trash compactors, air conditioners and other similar products.
11. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (z) shall apply to facilities at which the actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of large appliance coatings equal or exceed 15 pounds per day and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 10.
12. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (z) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of large appliance coatings equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 10.
13. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (z) apply to facilities at which actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of large appliance coatings, before controls, equal or exceed 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period) for facilities located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8., 9. and 10.
(ii) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8., or 9. are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 16.
14. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (z) shall apply to facilities at which potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the use of large appliance coatings equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside of counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2, and 10.
15. Applicability: The requirements of subparagraphs 13. and 14. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 11. and 12. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraphs 13. and 14. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
16. Compliance schedule: All existing facilities subject to this subparagraph shall comply with the following compliance schedule:
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements of subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8., and 9. must be completed before January 1, 2015.
(aa) VOC Emissions from Wire Coating.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from wire coating operations to exceed:
(i) 1.7 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to the coating applicator from wire coating operations. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 1.7 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 2.21 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(ii) The emission limit in this subsection shall apply to the oven(s) of wire coating operations.
2. The emission limits in this subsection shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit of 1.7 pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit of 2.21 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids, stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit of 2.21 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids stated in paragraph 1. of this subsection.
3. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Wire Coating" means the process of applying a coating of electrically insulating varnish or enamel to aluminum or copper wire for use in electrical machinery.
(bb) Petroleum Liquid Storage.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the use of a fixed roof storage vessel with capacities of 40,000 gallons or greater containing a volatile petroleum liquid where true vapor pressure is greater than 1.52 psia unless:
(i) the vessel has been fitted with a floating roof; or
(ii) the vessel has been fitted with control equipment demonstrated to have control efficiency equivalent to or greater than required in (i) of this paragraph, and approved by the Director.
2. The requirements of this subsection shall not apply to vessels:
(i) underground, if the total volume of petroleum liquids added to and taken from the tank annually does not exceed twice the volume of the tank; or
(ii) having capacities less than 425,000 gallons used to store crude oil prior to lease custody transfer.
3. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Crude Oil" means a naturally occurring mixture which consists of hydrocarbons and/or sulfur, nitrogen and/or oxygen derivatives of hydrocarbons and which is a liquid at standard conditions;
(ii) "Floating Roof" means a storage vessel cover consisting of a double deck, pontoon single deck, internal floating cover or covered floating roof, which rests upon and is supported by the petroleum liquid being contained, and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the roof edge and tank wall;
(iii) "Petroleum Liquids" means crude oil, condensate, and any finished or intermediate products manufactured in a petroleum refinery;
(iv) "Petroleum Refinery" means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, or other products through distillation of crude oils, or through redistillation, cracking, extraction, or reforming of unfinished petroleum derivatives;
(v) "True Vapor Pressure" means the equilibrium partial pressure exerted by a petroleum liquid as determined in accordance with methods described in American Petroleum Institute Bulletin 2517, "Evaporation Loss from Floating Roof Tanks," 1962.
(cc) Bulk Gasoline Terminals.
1. No person may load gasoline into any tank trucks or trailers from any bulk gasoline terminal unless:
(i) The bulk gasoline terminal is equipped with vapor control equipment capable of complying with subparagraph 1.(v) of this paragraph 1., properly installed, in good working order, in operation, and consisting of one of the following:
(I) An adsorber or condensation equipment which processes and recovers at least 90 percent of all vapors and gases from the equipment being controlled; or
(II) Vapor collection equipment which directs all vapors to a fuel gas system; or
(III) Control equipment demonstrated to have control efficiency equivalent to or greater than required in (I) or (II) of this paragraph, and approved by the Director; and
(ii) All displaced vapors and gases are vented only to the vapor control equipment; and
(iii) Complete drainage of any loading arm will be accomplished before it is removed from the tank; and
(iv) All loading and vapor lines are equipped with fittings which make vapor-tight connections and which close automatically when disconnected, or a loading arm with vapor return line and hatch seal designed to prevent the escape of gases and vapor while loading;
(v) Sources and persons affected under this subsection may not allow mass emissions of volatile organic compounds from control equipment to exceed 4.7 grains per gallon of gasoline loaded.
2. Sources and persons affected under this subsection shall comply with the vapor collection and control system requirements of Rule 3913-1-.02(2)(ss).
3. The requirements of this subsection shall not apply to loading of gasoline into tank trucks or trailers of less than 3000 gallons capacity outside those counties of Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale.
4. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to loading of gasoline into tank trucks or trailers of less than 3000 gallons capacity inside those counties of Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale after July 1, 1991.
5. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Bulk Gasoline Terminal" means a gasoline storage facility which receives gasoline from refineries primarily by pipeline, ship, or barge, and delivers gasoline to bulk gasoline plants or to commercial or retail accounts primarily by tank truck and has an average daily throughput of more than 20,000 gallons of gasoline.
(ii) "Gasoline" means a petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 4 psia or greater.
(dd) Cutback Asphalt.
1. After January 1, 1981, no person may cause, allow or permit the use of cutback asphalts for paving purposes except as necessary for:
(i) long-life stockpile storage; or
(ii) the use or application at ambient temperatures less than 50°F; or
(iii) solely as a penetrating prime coat; or
(iv) base stabilization.
2. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Asphalt" means a dark-brown to black cementitious material (solid, semisolid, or liquid in consistency) in which the predominating constituents are bitumens which occur in nature as such or which are obtained as residue in refining petroleum;
(ii) "Cutback Asphalt" means asphalt cement which has been liquified by blending with petroleum solvents (diluents). Upon exposure to atmospheric conditions the diluents evaporate, leaving the asphalt cement to perform its function;
(iii) "Penetrating Prime Coat" means an application of low viscosity liquid asphalt to an absorbent surface. It is used to prepare an untreated base for an asphalt surface. The prime penetrates the base and plugs the voids, hardens the top, and helps bind it to the overlying asphalt course. It also reduces the necessity of maintaining an untreated base course prior to placing the asphalt pavement.
(ee) Petroleum Refinery.
1. Persons responsible for any vacuum producing system at a petroleum refinery shall control the emissions of any noncondensable volatile organic compound from the condensers, hot wells or accumulators by:
(i) Piping the noncondensable vapors to a firebox or incinerator; or
(ii) Compressing the vapors and adding them to the refinery fuel gas; or
(iii) Controlling the vapors by using control equipment demonstrated to have control efficiency equivalent to or greater than required in (i) or (ii) of this paragraph, and approved by the Director; and
2. Persons responsible for any wastewater (oil/water) separator at a petroleum refinery shall:
(i) Provide covers and seals approved by the Director, on all separators and forebays; and
(ii) Equip all openings in covers, separators, and forebays with lids or seals such that the lids or seals are in the closed position at all times except when in actual use.
3. Before January 1, 1980, the owner or operator of any affected petroleum refinery located in this State shall develop and submit to the Director for approval a detailed procedure for minimization of volatile organic compound emissions during process unit turnaround. As a minimum, the procedure shall provide for:
(i) Depressurization venting of the process unit or vessel to a vapor recovery system, flare or firebox; and
(ii) No emission of volatile organic compounds from a process unit or vessel unless its internal pressure is 19.7 psi or less.
4. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Accumulator" means the reservoir of a condensing unit receiving the condensate from the condenser;
(ii) "Condenser" means any heat transfer device used to liquefy vapors by removing their latent heats of vaporization. Such devices include, but are not limited to, shell and tube, coil, surface, or contact condensers;
(iii) "Firebox" means the chamber or compartment of a boiler or furnace in which materials are burned but does not mean the combustion chamber of an incinerator;
(iv) "Forebays" means the primary sections of a wastewater separator;
(v) "Hot Well" means the reservoir of a condensing unit receiving the warm condensate from the condenser;
(vi) "Petroleum Refinery" means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, or other products through distillation, cracking, extraction, or refining of unfinished petroleum derivatives;
(vii) "Refinery Fuel Gas" means any gas which is generated by a petroleum refinery process unit and which is combusted, including any gaseous mixture of natural gas and fuel gas;
(viii) "Turnaround" means the procedure of shutting a refinery unit down after a run to do necessary maintenance and repair work and putting the unit back on stream;
(ix) "Vacuum Producing System" means any reciprocating, rotary, or centrifugal blower or compressor, or any jet ejector or device that takes suction from a pressure below atmospheric and discharges against atmospheric pressure;
(x) "Vapor Recovery System" means a system that prevents releases to the atmospheric of no less than 90 percent by weight of organic compounds emitted during the operation of any transfer, storage, or process equipment;
(xi) "Wastewater (oil/water) Separator" means any device or piece of equipment which utilizes the difference in density between oil and water to remove oil and associated chemicals from water or any device, such as a flocculation tank, clarifier, etc., which removes petroleum derived compounds from wastewater.
(ff) Solvent Metal Cleaning.
1. No person shall cause, suffer, allow, or permit the operation of a cold cleaner degreaser unless the following requirements for control of emissions of the volatile organic compounds are satisfied:
(i) The degreaser shall be equipped with a cover to prevent the escape of volatile organic compounds during periods of non-use;
(ii) The degreaser shall be equipped with a facility for draining cleaned parts before removal;
(iii) If used, the solvent spray must be a solid, fluid stream (not a fine, atomized or shower type spray) and at a pressure which does not cause excessive splashing;
(iv) If the solvent volatility is 0.60 psi or greater measured at 100°F, or if the solvent is heated above 120oF, then one of the following control devices must be used:
(I) Freeboard that gives a freeboard ratio of 0.7 or greater;
(II) Water cover (solvent must be insoluble in and heavier than water);
(III) Other systems of equivalent control, such as a refrigerated chiller or carbon adsorption.
(v) Waste solvent shall be stored only in covered containers and shall not be disposed of by such a method as to allow excessive evaporation into the atmosphere.
2. No person shall cause, suffer, allow, or permit the operation of an open top vapor degreaser unless the following requirements for control of emissions of volatile organic compounds are satisfied:
(i) The degreaser shall be equipped with a cover to prevent the escape of volatile organic compounds during periods of non-use;
(ii) The degreaser shall be equipped with one of the following control devices:
(I) Freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.75;
(II) Refrigerated chiller;
(III) Enclosed design (cover or door opens only when the dry part is actually entering or exiting the degreaser);
(IV) Carbon adsorption system, with ventilation greater than 50 cfm/ft2 of air/vapor area (when cover is open), and exhausting less than 25 ppm solvent averaged over one complete adsorption cycle; or
(V) Control equipment demonstrated to have control efficiency equivalent to or better than any of the above.
(iii) The degreaser shall be operated in accordance with the following procedures. Operating instructions summarizing these procedures shall be displayed on the degreaser.
(I) Keep cover closed at all times except when processing work loads through the degreaser;
(II) Minimize solvent carry-out by the following measures:
I. Rack parts to allow full drainage;
II. Degrease the work load in the vapor zone at least 30 seconds or until condensation ceases;
III. Tip out any pools of solvent on the cleaned parts before removal;
IV. Allow parts to dry within the degreaser for at least 15 seconds or until visually dry.
(III) Do not degrease porous or adsorbent materials, such as cloth, leather, wood or rope;
(IV) Work loads should not occupy more than half of the degreaser's open top area;
(V) The vapor level should not drop more than 4 inches when the workload enters the vapor zone;
(VI) Never spray above the vapor level;
(VII) Repair solvent leaks immediately, or shutdown the degreaser;
(VIII) Ventilation fans should not be used near the degreaser opening;
(IX) Water should not be visually detectable in solvent exiting the water separator.
(iv) Waste solvent shall be stored only in covered containers and shall not be disposed of or transferred to another party by such a method as to allow excessive evaporation into the atmosphere.
3. No person shall cause, suffer, allow, or permit the operation of a conveyorized degreaser unless the following requirements for control of emissions of the volatile organic compounds are satisfied.
(i) The degreaser shall be equipped with a cover to prevent the escape of volatile organic compounds during periods of non-use;
(ii) The degreaser shall be equipped with either a drying tunnel, or other means such as rotating (tumbling) basket, sufficient to prevent cleaned parts from carrying out solvent liquid or vapor;
(iii) The degreaser shall be equipped with one of the following:
(I) Refrigerated chiller;
(II) Carbon adsorption system, with ventilation greater than 50 cfm/ft2 of air/vapor area (when down-time covers are open), and exhausting less than 25 ppm of solvent by volume averaged over a complete adsorption cycle; or
(III) Control equipment demonstrated to have control efficiency equivalent to or better than any of the above.
(iv) The degreaser shall be operated in accordance with the following procedure. Operating instructions summarizing these procedures shall be displayed on the degreaser.
(I) Exhaust ventilation should not exceed 65 cfm per ft2 of degreaser opening, unless necessary to meet OSHA requirements. Work place fans should not be used near the degreaser opening;
(II) Minimize carryout emissions by:
I. Racking parts for best drainage; Maintaining vertical conveyor speed at less than 11 ft/min.
(III) Repair solvent leaks immediately, or shutdown the degreaser;
(IV) Water should not visibly be detectable in the solvent exiting the water separator;
(V) Down-time cover must be placed over entrances and exits of conveyorized degreasers immediately after the conveyor and exhaust are shutdown and removed just before they are started up.
(v) Waste solvent shall be stored only in covered containers and shall not be disposed of or transferred to another party by such a method as to allow excessive evaporation into the atmosphere.
4. The following requirements apply to degreasers using trichloroethylene, carbon tetrachloride, and/or chloroform in a total concentration greater than 5 percent by weight:
(i) Degreasers constructed or reconstructed after November 29, 1993 shall comply with paragraph 391-3-1-.02(9)(b)34. "Emission Standard for Halogenated Solvent Cleaning, 40 CFR 63, Subpart T, as amended" (NESHAP) and not paragraphs 1. through 3. of this subsection (ff) (Georgia Rule).
(ii) Existing degreasers (constructed or reconstructed on or before November 29, 1993) shall comply with paragraphs 1. through 3.of this subsection (ff) (Georgia Rule) until December 2, 1997; after which they must comply with paragraph 391-3-1-.02(9)(b)34.(NESHAP).
(iii) An existing degreaser (as defined above) may elect to comply with paragraph 391-3-1-.02(9)(b)34. prior to December 2, 1997. In such case, they are not required comply with Paragraphs 1. through 3. of this subsection (ff) (Georgia Rule) once they are in compliance with paragraph 391-3-1-.02(9)(b)34.(NESHAP).
(iv) Any facility which currently complies with paragraphs 391-3-1-.02(2)(ff)1. through 3. (Georgia Rule) which will be changing to comply with paragraph 391-3-1-.02(9)(b)34. (NESHAP) should submit a schedule of construction/ modification for changes necessary to comply with 391-3-1-.02(9)(b)34. (NESHAP) as soon as practically possible but no later than 60 days prior to any construction/modification.
5. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Cold Cleaning" means the batch process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by spraying, brushing, flushing or immersion while maintaining the solvent below its boiling point. Wipe cleaning is not included in this definition;
(ii) "Conveyorized Degreasing" means the continuous process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by operating with either cold or vaporized solvents;
(iii) "Freeboard Height" means the distance from the top of vapor zone to the top of the degreaser tank;
(iv) "Freeboard Ratio" means the freeboard height divided by the width (smallest dimension) of the degreaser;
(v) "Open Top Vapor Degreasing" means the batch process of cleaning and removing soils from metal surfaces by condensing hot solvent vapor on the colder metal parts;
(vi) "Solvent Metal Cleaning" means the process of cleaning soils from metal surfaces by cold cleaning, or open top vapor degreasing or conveyorized degreasing. Solvent metal cleaning does not include cleaners that use aqueous cleaning solvent or buckets, pails and beakers with capacities of two gallons or less.
(vii) "Aqueous Cleaning Solvent" means a cleaning solvent in which water is the primary ingredient (greater than 80 percent by weight of cleaning solvent solution as applied must be water).
6. The requirements of this subsection shall not apply to any solvent metal cleaning operation subject to Section 391-3-1-.02(2)(kkk) of the Georgia Rules for Air Quality Control "VOC Emissions from Aerospace manufacturing and Rework Facilities."
(gg) Kraft Pulp Mills.
1. Except as provided for in paragraph 2. of this subsection, no person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emissions of TRS from any kraft pulp mill in operation, or under construction contract, on or before September 24, 1976, in amounts equal to or exceeding the following:
(i) Recovery Furnaces.
(I) Old Recovery Furnaces: 20 parts per million of TRS on a dry basis and as a 24-hour average, corrected to 8 volume percent oxygen;
(II) New Recovery Furnaces: 5 parts per million of TRS on a dry basis and as a 24-hour average, corrected to 8 volume percent oxygen;
(III) Cross Recovery Furnaces: 25 parts per million of TRS on a dry basis and as a 24-hour average, corrected to 8 volume percent oxygen.
(ii) Digester System or Multiple-Effect Evaporator System: 5 parts per million of TRS on a dry basis and a 24-hour average, corrected to 10 volume percent oxygen unless the following conditions are met:
(I) The gases are combusted in a lime kiln subject to the provisions of paragraph (iv) of this subsection; or
(II) The gases are combusted in a recovery furnace subject to the provisions of paragraph (i) of this subsection; or
(III) The gases are combusted with other gases in an incinerator or other device, or combusted in a lime kiln or recovery boiler not subject to the provisions of this subsection, and are subjected to a minimum temperature of 1200°F for at least 0.5 second; or
(IV) The gases are controlled by a means other than combustion. In this case, the gases discharged shall not contain TRS in excess of five parts per million on a dry basis and as a 24-hour average, corrected to the actual oxygen content of the untreated gas stream.
(iii) Smelt Dissolving Tanks: 0.0168 pounds of TRS per ton of black liquor solids (dry weight).
(iv) Lime Kilns: 40 parts per million of TRS on a dry basis and as a 24-hour average, corrected to 10 volume percent oxygen.
2. Nothing in paragraph 1. shall prevent the owner or operator of a kraft pulp mill subject to the provisions of this subsection (gg) from applying to the Director for permission to control TRS emissions from the kraft pulp mill under the provisions of this paragraph provided that:
(i) General Provisions.
(I) The owner or operator of such kraft pulp mill makes such application in writing no later than six months following the notification date; and
(II) In the event that the kraft pulp mill contains TRS emitting process equipment which is subject to the New Source Performance Standard for Kraft Pulp Mills, 391-3-1-.02(2)(b)23., then that TRS emitting process equipment must also comply with the applicable New Source Performance Standard TRS emission limitation(s);
(III) The owner or operator of such kraft pulp mill may not elect to control TRS emissions from process equipment not subject to the provisions of this subsection (gg) in lieu of controlling TRS emissions from those sources subject to this subsection (gg); and
(IV) For the purpose of this paragraph 2.; the maximum allowable emissions of TRS shall be calculated using the production rate (annual average or most recent 12 months of record) for the kraft pulp mill expressed as tons of air dried pulp per day, and the allowable emission rate of TRS from the kraft pulp mill shall be expressed as pounds of TRS per ton of air dried pulp.
(V) For the purpose of this paragraph, the "notification date" means September 1, 1988.
(ii) Emission Limitation: No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the total emissions of TRS from the following processes: recovery furnace(s), lime kiln(s), smelt dissolving tank(s), digester system, multiple-effect evaporator system, equal to or exceeding the amount determined by the following formula:

A = RB + LK + 0.065 pounds of TRS per ton of air dried pulp;

The values for the terms RB and LK shall be determined using the following formula:


                image: ga/admin/2017/391-3-1-.02_012.png


                image: ga/admin/2017/391-3-1-.02_014.png

Where:

A = the total amount of allowable TRS emissions from the kraft pulp mill expressed as pounds of TRS per ton of air dried pulp;

LK = the fraction of the total allowable emission of TRS in pounds per ton of air dried pulp for lime kilns;

RB = the fraction of the total allowable emission of TRS in pounds per ton of air dried pulp for recovery furnaces;

U = tons per hour of lime mud solids calcined in lime kiln(s) not subject to the New Source Performance Standard for Kraft Pulp Mills;

V = tons per hour of lime solids calcined in lime kiln(s) subject to the New Source Performance Standard for Kraft Pulp Mills;

W = pounds per hour of black liquor solids burned in recovery furnace(s) subject to the New Source Performance Standard for Kraft Pulp Mills;

X = pounds per hour of black liquor solids burned in new recovery furnace(s);

Y = pounds per hour of black liquor solids burned in old recovery furnace(s);

Z = pounds per hour of black liquor solids burned in cross recovery furnace(s);

3. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "New Recovery Furnace" means a recovery furnace which had stated in the purchase contract a TRS performance guarantee or which included in the purchase contract a statement that the control of air pollutants was a design objective and which has incorporated into its design: membrane wall or welded wall construction; and emission control air systems.
(ii) "Old Recovery Furnace" means a recovery furnace which is not classified as a new recovery furnace.
(hh) Petroleum Refinery Equipment Leaks.
1. No person shall cause, let, suffer, or allow the use of petroleum refinery equipment unless:
(i) A plan is submitted to the Director by no later than July 1, 1981 for monitoring VOC leaks. Such a program must contain:
(I) A list of refinery units and the quarter in which they will be monitored;
(II) A copy of the log book format;
(III) The make and model of the monitoring equipment to be used.
(ii) Monitoring for potential VOC leaks is carried out no less frequently than:
(I) Yearly using detection equipment for pump seals, pipeline valves in liquid service, and process drains;
(II) Quarterly using detection equipment for compressor seals, pipeline valves in gaseous service, and pressure relief valves in gaseous service;
(III) Weekly by visible inspection for all pump seals;
(IV) Immediately using detection equipment for any pump seals from which liquids are observed dripping and immediately after repair of any component previously found to be leaking;
(V) Within 24 hours for a relief valve after it has vented to the atmosphere.
(iii) All components which have emissions with a VOC concentration exceeding 10,000 ppm, as determined by Method 21 of the reference in Section 391-3-1-.02(3)(a) of these Rules, shall be affixed with a weatherproof and readily visible tag, bearing an identification number and the date on which the leak is located. This tag shall remain in place until the leaking component is repaired.
(iv) Leaking components as defined by (iii) above which can be repaired without a unit shutdown shall be repaired and retested as soon as practicable but no later than 15 days after the leak is identified.
(v) Leaking components as defined by (iii) above which require unit shutdown for repair may be corrected at the regularly scheduled turnaround unless the Director at his discretion requires early unit turnaround based on the number and severity of tagged leaks awaiting turnaround.
(vi) Except for safety pressure relief valves, no owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall install or operate a valve at the end of a pipe or line containing volatile organic compounds unless the pipe or line is sealed with a second value, a blind flange, a plug, or a cap. The sealing device may be removed only when a sample is being taken or during maintenance operations.
(vii) Pipeline valves and pressure relief valves in gaseous volatile organic compound service shall be marked in some manner that will be readily obvious to both refinery personnel performing monitoring and the Director.
(viii) Pressure relief devices which are connected to an operation flare header, vapor recovery device, inaccessible valves, storage tank valves, and valves that are not externally regulated are exempt from the monitoring requirements of this rule.
2. The owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall maintain a leaking components monitoring log. Copies of the monitoring log shall be retained by the owner or operator for a minimum of two years after the date on which the record was made or the report prepared and shall immediately be made available to the Director, upon verbal or written request, at any reasonable time. The monitoring log shall contain the following data:
(i) The name and the process unit where the component is located.
(ii) The type of component (e.g., valve, seal).
(iii) The tag number of the component.
(iv) The date on which a leaking component is discovered.
(v) The date on which a leaking component is repaired.
(vi) The date and instrument reading of the recheck procedure after a leaking component is repaired.
(vii) A record of the calibration of the monitoring instrument.
(viii) Those leaks that cannot be repaired until turnaround.
(ix) The total number of components checked and the total number of components found leaking.
3. The owner or operator of a petroleum refinery shall:
(i) Submit a report to the Director by the fifteenth day of January, April, July, and October that lists all leaking components that were located during the previous three calendar months but not repaired within fifteen days, all leaking components awaiting unit turnaround, the total number of components inspected, and the total number of components found leaking.
(ii) Submit a signed statement with the report attesting to the fact that, all monitoring and repairs were performed as stipulated in the monitoring program.
(iii) The first quarterly report shall be submitted to the Director no later than January 1, 1982.
4. The Director, upon written notice, may modify the monitoring, record keeping and reporting requirements.
5. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Petroleum refinery" means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, aromatics, kerosene, distillate fuel oils residual fuel oils, lubricants, asphalt, or other products through distillation of petroleum or through redistillation, cracking, rearrangement or reforming of unfinished petroleum derivatives.
(ii) "Component" means any piece of equipment which has the potential to leak volatile organic compounds when tested in the manner described in subparagraph 1.(iii). These sources include, but are not limited to, pumping seals, compressor seals, seal oil degassing vents pipeline valves, pressure relief devices, process drains, and open ended pipes. Excluded from these sources are valves which are not externally regulated.
(iii) "Liquid service" means equipment which processes, transfers or contains a volatile organic compound or mixture of volatile organic compounds in the liquid phase.
(iv) "Gas service" means equipment which processes, transfers or contains a volatile organic compound or mixture of volatile organic compounds in the gaseous phase.
(v) "Valves not externally regulated" means valves that have no external controls, such as in-line check valves.
(vi) "Refinery unit" means a set of compounds which are a part of a basic process operation, such as, distillation, hydrotreating, cracking or reforming of hydrocarbons.
(ii) VOC Emissions from Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from surface coating of miscellaneous metal parts and products to exceed:
(i) 4.3 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies clear coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 4.3 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 10.3 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(ii) 3.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator in a coating application system that is air dried or forced warm air dried at temperatures up to 194°F. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.5 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 6.67 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iii) 3.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies extreme performance coatings. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.5 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 6.67 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iv) 6.2 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator in a high performance architectural coating operation; and
(v) 3.0 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator for all other coatings and coating application systems. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.0 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 5.06 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
2. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from surface coating of miscellaneous metal parts and products using air-dried coatings to exceed:
(i) 2.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies anyone of the following air-dried coatings: general one component; general multi component; military specification; drum coating - new exterior. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.52 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator
(ii) 3.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies any one of the following air-dried coatings: camouflage; electric-insulating varnish; etching filler; high temperature; metallic; mold-seal; pan backing; pretreatment; drum coating - new interior; drum coating - reconditioned, exterior; silicone release; vacuum-metalizing; extreme high-gloss; extreme performance; heat-resistant; drum coating - reconditioned interior; solar-absorbent; prefabricated architectural multi-component; prefabricated architectural one-component. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.5 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 6.67 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iii) 3.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies the following air-dried coating: repair and touch-up.
(iv) 6.2 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies the following air-dried coating: high performance architectural.
3. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from surface coating of miscellaneous metal parts and products using baked coatings to exceed:
(i) 2.3 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies anyone of the following baked coatings: general one component; general multi-component; military specification; prefabricated architectural multi-component; prefabricated architectural one-component. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.3 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 3.35 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(ii) 2.8 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies drum coating - new exterior coating. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 2.8 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 4.52 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iii) 3.0 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies anyone of the following baked coatings: drum coating - reconditioned interior; camouflage; electric-insulating varnish; etching filler; extreme high-gloss; extreme performance;heat-resistant; high temperature; metallic; mold-seal; pan backing; pretreatment; drum coating - new interior; drum coating - reconditioned exterior; silicone release; solar-absorbent; and vacuum-metalizing. If any coating delivered to the coating applicator contains more than 3.0 pounds VOC per gallon, the solids equivalent limit shall be 5.06 pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids delivered to the coating applicator.
(iv) 6.2 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies the following baked coating: high performance architectural.
(v) 3.0 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies repair and touch-up coatings.
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from surface coating of motor vehicle materials at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck manufacturing facility to exceed:
(i) 1.7 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies the following motor vehicle materials: gasket/gasket sealing material and bedliner.
(ii) 3.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water, delivered to a coating applicator that applies the following motor vehicle materials: cavity wax, sealer, deadener, underbody coating, trunk interior coating, and lubricating wax/compound.
5. If more than one emission limitation in this subparagraph (ii) applies to a specific coating, then the least stringent emission limitation in this subparagraph (ii) of this subsection shall be applied.
6. All VOC emissions from solvent washings shall be considered in the emission limitations unless the solvent is directed into containers that prevent evaporation into the atmosphere.
7. The emission limits in this subsection shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water, stated in paragraphs 1., 2., 3., and 4. of this subsection; or
(ii) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour weighted average of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the solids equivalent limit expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids, stated in paragraphs 1.,2., and 3. of this subsection; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(iii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the solids equivalent limit, expressed in pounds VOC per gallon of coating solids stated in paragraphs 1.,2., 3., and 4. of this subsection.
(iv) for high performance architectural coatings, compliance may be achieved only as stated in subparagraph 7.(i) or 7.(iii). There is no solids equivalent limit for such coatings.
(v) for motor vehicle materials, compliance may be achieved only as stated in subparagraph 7.(i). There is no solids equivalent limit for such coatings.
(vi) for repair and touch-up materials, compliance may be achieved only as stated in subparagraphs 7.(i). There is no solids equivalent limit for such coatings.
8. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Air dried coating" means coatings which are dried by the use of air or forced warm air at temperatures up to 194°F.
(ii) "Baked coating" means a coating that is cured at a temperature at or above 194°F.
(iii) "Bedliner" means a multi-component coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to a cargo bed after the application of topcoat to provide additional durability and chip resistance.
(iv) "Cavity wax" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied into the cavities of the vehicle primarily for the purpose of enhancing corrosion protection.
(v) "Camouflage coating" means a coating used, principally by the military, to conceal equipment from detection.
(vi) "Clear coating" means a colorless coating which contains binders, but no pigment, and is formulated to form a transparent film.
(vii) "Coating application system" means all operations and equipment which applies, conveys, and dries a surface coating, including, but not limited to spray booths, flow coaters, flashoff areas, air dryers and ovens.
(viii) "Deadener" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to selected vehicle surfaces primarily for the purpose of reducing the source of road noise in the passenger compartment.
(ix) "Drum" means any cylindrical metal shipping container larger than 12 gallons capacity but no larger than 110 gallons capacity.
(x) "Electric dissipating coating" means a coating that rapidly dissipates a high-voltage electric charge.
(xi) "Electric-insulating varnish" means a non-convertible-type coating applied to electric motors, components of electric motors, or power transformers, to provide electrical, mechanical, and environmental protection or resistance.
(xii) "EMI/RFI Shielding" means a coating used on electrical or electronic equipment to provide shielding against electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, or static discharge.
(xiii) "Etching filler" means a coating that contains less than 23 percent solids by weight, at least 0.5 percent acid by weight, and is used instead of applying a pretreatment coating followed by a primer.
(xiv) "Extreme high-gloss coating" means a coating which, when tested by the American Society for Testing Material Test Method D-523 adopted in 1980, shows a reflectance of 75 or more on a 60 degree meter.
(xv) "Extreme-performance coating" means a coating used on a metal or plastic surface where the coated surface is, in its intended use, subject to the following:
(a) Chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic or acidic agents, chemicals, chemical fumes, chemical mixtures or solutions; or
(b) Repeated exposure to temperatures in excess of 250°F; or
(c) Repeated heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear and repeated scrubbing with industrial grade solvents, cleansers or scouring agents. Extreme performance coatings include, but are not limited to, coatings applied to locomotives, railroad cars, farm machinery, and heavy duty trucks.
(xvi) "Extreme environmental conditions" means exposure to any of: the weather all of the time, temperatures consistently above 200°F, detergents, abrasive and scouring agents, solvents, corrosive atmospheres, or similar environmental conditions;
(xvii) "Gasket/sealing material" means a fluid, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to coat a gasket or replace and perform the same function as a gasket. Automobile and light-duty truck gasket/gasket sealing material includes room temperature vulcanization (RTV) seal material.
(xviii) "Heat-resistant coating" means a coating that must withstand a temperature of at least 400°F during normal use.
(xix) "High-performance architectural coating" means a coating used to protect architectural subsections and which meets the requirements of the Architectural Aluminum Manufacturer Association's publication number AAMA 2604-05 (Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for High Performance Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels) or 2605-05 (Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels).
(xx) "High-temperature coating" means a coating that is certified to withstand a temperature of 1000°F for 24 hours.
(xxi) "Low solvent coating" means coatings which contain less organic solvent than the conventional coatings used by the industry. Low solvent coatings include water-borne, higher solids, electrodeposition and powder coatings.
(xxii) "Lubricating wax/compound" means a protective lubricating material, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to vehicle hubs and hinges.
(xxiii) "Mask coating" means thin film coating applied through a template to coat a small portion of a substrate.
(xxiv) "Metallic coating" means a coating which contains more than five grams of metal particles per liter of coating as applied. "Metal particles" are pieces of a pure elemental metal or combination of elemental metals.
(xxv) "Miscellaneous metal parts and products" means surface coating of products manufactured by the following industrial source categories: large farm machinery, small farm machinery, small appliances, commercial machinery, industrial machinery, fabricated metal products and any other industrial category which coats metal parts or products under the Standard Industry Classification Code Major Groups 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40, and 41. The miscellaneous metal parts and products source category does not include:
(I) automobiles and light-duty trucks;
(II) metal cans;
(III) flat metal sheets and strips in the form of rolls or coils;
(IV) magnet wire for use in electrical machinery;
(V) metal furniture;
(VI) large appliances;
(VII) aerospace manufacturing and rework operations;
(VIII) automobile refinishing;
(IX) customized top coating of automobiles and trucks, if production is less than 35 vehicles per day; and
(X) exterior of marine vessels.
(xxvi) "Military specification coating" means a coating which has a formulation approved by a United States Military Agency for use on military equipment.
(xxvii) "Mold seal coating" means the initial coating applied to a new mold or a repaired mold to provide a smooth surface which, when coated with a mold release coating, prevents products from sticking to the mold.
(xxviii) "Multi-colored coating" means a coating which exhibits more than one color when applied, and which means packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.
(xxix) "Multi-component coating" means a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst or hardener, before application to form an acceptable dry film.
(xxx) "One-component coating" means a coating that is ready for application as it comes out of its container to form an acceptable dry film. A thinner, necessary to reduce the viscosity, is not considered a component.
(xxxi) "Optical coating" means a coating applied to an optical lens.
(xxxii) "Pan-backing coating" means a coating applied to the surface of pots, pans, or other cooking implements that are exposed directly to a flame or other heating elements.
(xxxiii) "Prefabricated architectural component coatings" are coatings applied to metal parts and products which are to be used as an architectural structure.
(xxxiv) "Pretreatment coating" means a coating which contains no more than 12 percent solids by weight, and at least 0.5 percent acid by weight, is used to provide surface etching, and is applied directly to metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance, adhesion, and ease of stripping.
(xxxv) "Prime coat" means the first of two or more films of coating applied to a metal surface.
(xxxvi) "Repair coating" means a coating used to re-coat portions of a previously coated product which has sustained mechanical damage to the coating following normal coating operations.
(xxxvii) "Sealer" means a high viscosity material, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, generally, but not always, applied in the paint shop after the body has received an electrodeposition primer coating and before the application of subsequent coatings (e.g., primer-surfacer). The primary purpose of automobile and light-duty truck sealer is to fill body joints completely so that there is no intrusion of water, gases or corrosive materials into the passenger area of the body compartment. Such materials are also referred to as sealant, sealant primer, or caulk.
(xxxviii) "Shock-free coating" means a coating applied to electrical components to protect the user from electric shock. The coating has characteristics of being of low capacitance and high resistance, and having resistance to breaking down under high voltage.
(xxxix) "Silicone-release coating" means any coating which contains silicone resin and is intended to prevent food from sticking to metal surfaces such as baking pans.
(xl) "Single coat" means one film of coating applied to a metal surface,
(xli) "Solar-absorbent coating" means a coating which has as its prime purpose the absorption of solar radiation.
(xlii) "Stencil coating" means an ink or a pigmented coating which is rolled or brushed onto a template or stamp in order to add identifying letters, symbols and/or numbers.
(xliii) "Topcoat" means the final film or series of films of coating applied in a two-coat or more operation.
(xliv) "Touch-up coating" means a coating used to cover minor coating imperfections appearing after the main coating operation.
(xlv) "Translucent coating" means a coating which contains binders and pigment and is formulated to form a colored, but no opaque, film.
(xlvi) "Transfer efficiency" means the weight (or volume) of coating solids adhering to the surface being coated divided by the total weight (or volume) of coating solids delivered to the applicator.
(xlvii) "Trunk interior coating" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the trunk interior to provide chip protection.
(xlviii) "Two-component coating" means a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst, before application to form an acceptable dry film.
(xlix) "Underbody coating" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the undercarriage or firewall to prevent corrosion and/or provide chip protection.
(l) "Vacuum-metalizing coating" means the undercoat applied to the substrate on which the metal is deposited or the overcoat applied directly to the metal film. Vacuum metalizing/physical vapor deposition (PVD) is the process whereby metal is vaporized and deposited on a substrate in a vacuum chamber.
9. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (ii) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from all surface coating of miscellaneous parts and products equal or exceed 10 tons per year and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 5., 6., 7., and 8.
10. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (ii) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from all surface coating of miscellaneous parts and products equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 5., 6., 7., and 8.
11. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (ii) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from all surface coating of miscellaneous parts and products equal or exceed 10 tons per year and are located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 2., 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., and 8.
(ii) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraphs 2., 3., or 4. are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 14.
12. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (ii) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from all surface coating of miscellaneous parts and products equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale Spalding, and Walton as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 5., 6., 7., and 8.
13. Applicability: The requirements of subparagraphs 11. and 12. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 9. and 10. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraphs 11. and 12. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
14. Compliance Schedule:
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements specified in subparagraphs 2., 3., and 4. must be completed before January 1, 2015.
(jj) VOC Emissions from Surface Coating of Flat Wood Paneling.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from surface coating of flat wood paneling to exceed:
(i) 6.0 pounds per 1000 square feet of coated finished product from printed interior panels, regardless of the number of coats applied;
(ii) 12.0 pounds per 1000 square feet of coated finished product from natural finish hardwood plywood panels, regardless of the number of coats applied; and
(iii) 10.0 pounds per 1000 square feet of coated finished product from Class II finishes on hardboard panels, regardless of the number of coats applied.
2. The emission limits in this subparagraph shall be achieved by:
(i) the application of low solvent coating technology where the 24-hour of all coatings on a single coating line or operation meets the limits stated in subparagraph 1. of this subparagraph; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(ii) control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that 90 percent of the nonmethane volatile organic compounds which enter the control equipment are recovered or destroyed, and that overall VOC emissions do not exceed the limits stated in subparagraph 1. of this subparagraph.
(iii) control equipment demonstrated to have control efficiency equivalent to or greater or VOC emissions equal to or less than required in (i) or (ii) of this subparagraph and approved by the Director.
3. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from the inks, coatings, and adhesives used by flat wood paneling coating facilities to exceed:
(i) 2.1 lbs VOC per gallon (250 grams per liter) of coating, excluding water, and exempt compounds, or
(ii) 2.9 lbs VOC per gallon (350 grams per liter) of solids.
4. Averaging across lines for the VOC limits in subparagraph 3. is not permitted.
5. Should product performance requirements or other needs dictate the use of higher VOC coatings, than those specified in subparagraph 3., add-on control equipment with an overall control efficiency of 90% may be used as an alternative.
6. Each owner or operator of a facility that manufactures flat wood paneling shall comply with the following work practice standards:
(i) store all VOC-containing materials in closed containers;
(ii) ensure that mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;
(iii) minimize spills of VOC-containing materials; and
(iv) convey VOC-containing materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.
7. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions also apply:
(i) "Class II hardboard paneling finish" means finishes which meet the specifications of Voluntary Product Standard PS-59-73 as approved by the American National Standards Institute.
(ii) "Coating application system" means all operations and equipment which apply, convey, and dry a surface coating, including, but not limited to, spray booths, flow coaters, conveyers, flashoff areas, air dryers and ovens.
(iii) "Flat wood paneling" means both interior and exterior panels used in construction and typically include decorative interior panels, exterior siding and tileboard. Flat wood paneling includes hardboard, hardwood plywood, natural finish hardwood plywood panels, printed interior panels, thin particleboard and tileboard.
(iv) "Hardboard" is a panel manufactured primarily from interfelted lignocellulosic fibers which are consolidated under heat and pressure in a hot press.
(v) "Hardwood plywood" is plywood whose surface layer is a veneer.
(vi) "Natural finish hardwood plywood panels" means panels whose original grain pattern is enhanced by essentially transparent finishes frequently supplemented by fillers and toners.
(vii) "Thin particleboard" is a manufactured board 1/4 inch or less in thickness made of individual wood particles which have been coated with a binder and formed into flat sheets by pressure.
(viii) "Tileboard" means paneling that has a colored waterproof surface coating.
(ix) "Printed interior panels" means panels whose grain or natural surface is obscured by fillers and basecoats upon which a simulated grain or decorative pattern is printed.
8. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (jj) shall apply to facilities at which the actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the surface coating of flat wood paneling equal or exceed 15 pounds per day and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 7.
9. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (jj) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the surface coating of flat wood paneling equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 7.
10. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (jj) shall apply to facilities at which actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from the surface coating of flat wood paneling, before controls, equal or exceed 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period) for facilities located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., 6., and 7.
(ii) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraphs 3., 4., 5., or 6. are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 13.
11. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (jj) shall apply to facilities at which potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the surface coating of flat wood paneling equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside of counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 7.
12. Applicability. The requirements of subparagraphs 10. and 11. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 8. and 9. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraphs 10. and 11. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
13. Compliance Schedule:
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements specified in subparagraph 10.(i) must be completed before January 1, 2015.
(kk) VOC Emissions from Synthesized Pharmaceutical Manufacturing.
1. The owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility shall:
(i) Control the volatile organic compound emissions from all reactors, distillation operations, crystallizers, centrifuges and vacuum dryers that emit 15 pounds per day or more of VOC. Surface condensers or equivalent controls shall be used, provided that:
(I) If surface condensers are used, the condenser outlet gas temperature must not exceed:
I. -13°F when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater than 5.8 psi, measured at 68°F;
II. 5°F when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater than 2.9 psi, measured at 68°F;
III. 32°F when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater than 1.5 psi, measured at 68°F;
IV. 50°F when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater than 1.0 psi, measured at 68°F;
V. 77°F when condensing VOC of vapor pressure greater than 0.5 psi, measured at 68°F.
(II) If equivalent controls are used, the VOC emissions must be reduced by at least as much as they would be by using a surface condenser which meets the requirements of Part I. of this subparagraph.
(ii) The owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility subject to this regulation shall reduce the VOC emissions from all air dryers and production equipment exhaust systems;
(I) By at least 90 percent if emissions are 330 pounds per day or more of VOC; or
(II) 33 pounds per day or less if emissions are less than 330 pounds;
(III) The owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility subject to this regulation shall:
I. Provide a vapor balance system or equivalent control that is at least 90.0 percent effective in reducing emissions from truck or railcar deliveries to storage tanks with capacities greater than 2,000 gallons that store VOC with vapor pressures greater than 4.1 psi at 68°F; and
II. Install pressure/vacuum conservative vents set on all storage tanks that store VOC with vapor pressure greater than 1.5 psi at 68°F unless a more effective control system is used.
(iii) The owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical facility subject to this regulation shall enclose all centrifuges, rotary vacuum filters, and other filters having an exposed liquid surface, where the liquid contains VOC and exerts a total VOC vapor pressure of 0.5 psi or more at 68°F.
(iv) The owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical facility subject to this regulation shall install covers on all in-process tanks containing a volatile organic compound at any time. These covers must remain closed, unless production, sampling, maintenance, or inspection procedures require operator access.
(v) The owner or operator of a synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing facility subject to this regulation shall repair all leaks from which liquid, containing VOC, can be observed running or dripping. The repair shall be completed the first time the equipment is off-line for a period of time long enough to complete the repair.
2. For the purpose of this regulation, the following definitions also apply:
(i) "Condenser" means a device which cools a gas stream to a temperature which removes specific organic compounds by condensation;
(ii) "Control system" means any number of control devices, including condensers, which are designed and operated to reduce the quantity of VOC emitted to the atmosphere;
(iii) "Reactor" means a vat or vessel, which may be jacketed to permit temperature control, designed to contain chemical reactions;
(iv) "Separation operation" means a process that separates a mixture of compounds and solvents into two or more components. Specific mechanisms include extraction, centrifugation, filtration, and crystallization;
(v) "Synthesized pharmaceutical manufacturing" means manufacture of pharmaceutical products by chemical synthesis;
(vi) "Production equipment exhaust system" means a device for collecting and directing out of the work area VOC fugitive emissions from reactor openings, centrifuge openings, and other vessel openings for the purpose of protecting workers from excessive VOC exposure.
(ll) VOC Emissions from the Manufacture of Pneumatic Rubber Tires.
1. The owner or operator of an undertread cementing, tread end cementing, or bead dipping operation subject to this regulation shall:
(i) Install and operate a capture system, designed to achieve maximum reasonable capture from all undertread cementing, tread and cementing and bead dipping operation; and install and operate a control device that effects at least a 90.0 percent reduction efficiency, measured across the control system, and has been approved by the Director.
(ii) The owner or operator of an undertread cementing operation, tread end cementing operation or bead dipping operation may, in lieu of a vapor capture and control system for those operations, make process changes which reduces emissions to a level equal to or below that which would be achieved with emission controls as specified in subparagraph (i) above.
2. The owner or operator of a green tire spraying operation subject to this regulation shall:
(i) Substitute water-based sprays for the normal solvent-based mold release compound; or
(ii) Comply with paragraph 1. of this regulation.
3. If the total volatile organic compound emissions from all undertreading cementing, tread end cementing, bead dipping and green tire spraying operations at a pneumatic rubber tire manufacturing facility do not exceed 57 grams per tire, paragraphs 1. and 2. above shall not apply.
4. For the purpose of this subsection the following definitions also apply:
(i) "Pneumatic rubber tire manufacture" means the undertread cementing, tread end cementing, bead dipping, and green tire spraying associated with the production of pneumatic rubber, passenger type tires on a mass production basis.
(ii) "Passenger type tire" means agricultural, airplane, industrial, mobile home, light and medium duty truck, and passenger vehicle tires with a bead diameter up to but excluding 20.0 inches and cross section dimension up to 12.8 inches.
(iii) "Undertread cementing" means the application of a solvent based cement to the underside of a tire tread.
(iv) "Bead dipping" means the dipping of an assembled tire bead into a solvent based cement.
(v) "Tread end cementing" means the application of a solvent based cement to the tire tread ends.
(vi) "Green tires" means assembled tires before molding and curing have occurred.
(vii) "Green tire spraying" means the spraying of green tires, both inside and outside, with release compounds which help remove air from the tire during molding and prevent the tire from sticking to the mold after curing.
(viii) "Water based spray" means release compounds, sprayed on the inside and outside of green tires, in which solids, water, and emulsifiers have been substituted for organic solvents.
(mm) VOC Emissions from Graphic Arts Systems.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of a packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure or flexographic printing facility unless:
(i) For packaging rotogravure and flexographic printing, the VOC content of any ink or coating as applied is equal to or less than one of the following:
(I) 25 percent by volume of the volatile content of the coating or ink; or
(II) 40 percent by volume of the coating or ink, minus water; or
(III) 0.5 pounds of VOC per pound of coating solids.
(ii) For publication rotogravure printing, the VOC content of any ink or coating as applied is equal to or less than one of the following:
(I) 25 percent by volume of the volatile content of the coating or ink; or
(II) 40 percent by volume of the coating or ink, minus water.
2. As an alternative to compliance with the limits in subparagraph 1., an owner or operator of a packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure or flexographic printing facility may comply with the requirements of this subparagraph by:
(i) Averaging on a 24-hour weighted basis the VOC content of all inks and coatings, as applied, on a single printing line, where the average does not exceed the limits in subparagraph 1.; averaging across lines is not allowed; or
(ii) Installing and operating volatile organic compound emission reduction equipment having at least 90.0 percent reduction efficiency, and a capture system approved by the Director.
3. If, as an alternative to compliance with the limits in subparagraph 1.(i), volatile organic compound emission reduction equipment is installed and operated at a flexible packaging printing facility to comply with subparagraph 2.(ii) it shall have an overall VOC control efficiency that is equal to or greater than the percentage specified in the following subparagraphs (i) through (iv).
(i) 65 percent for a press that was first installed prior to March 14, 1995, and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was prior to February 19, 2012;
(ii) 70 percent for a press that was first installed prior to March 14, 1995, and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was on or after February 19, 2012;
(iii) 75 percent for a press that was first installed on or after to March 14, 1995, and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was prior to February 19, 2012; and
(iv) 80 percent for a press that was first installed on or after March 14, 1995, and that is controlled by an add-on air pollution control device whose first installation date was on or after February 19, 2012.
4. Each owner or operator of a facility that prints flexible packaging shall comply with the following housekeeping requirements for any affected cleaning operation:
(i) store all VOC-containing cleaning materials and used shop towels in closed containers;
(ii) ensure that storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials are kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials;
(iii) minimize spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials;
(iv) convey VOC-containing cleaning materials from one location to another in closed containers or pipes; and
(v) minimize VOC emissions from cleaning of application, storage, mixing, and conveying equipment by ensuring that equipment cleaning is performed without atomizing the cleaning solvent and all spent solvent is captured in closed containers.
5. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Cleaning" for flexible packaging printing means cleaning of a press, press parts, or removing dried ink from areas around a press. It does not include cleaning electronic components of a press, cleaning in-press or post-press operations or the use of janitorial supplies to clean areas around a press.
(ii) "Flexible packaging printing" refers to printing upon any package or part of a package the shape of which can be readily changed. Flexible packaging includes, but is not limited to, bags, pouches, liners, and wraps utilizing paper, plastic, film, aluminum foil, metalized or coated paper or film, or any combination of these materials.
(iii) "Flexographic printing" means the application of words, designs and pictures to a substrate by means of a roll printing technique in which the pattern to be applied is raised above the printing roll and the image carrier is made of rubber or other elastomeric materials.
(iv) "Packaging rotogravure printing" means rotogravure printing upon paper, paperboard, metal foil, plastic film, and other substrates, which are in subsequent operations, formed into packaging products and labels for articles to be sold.
(v) "Publication rotogravure printing" means rotogravure printing upon paper which is subsequently formed into books, magazines, catalogues, brochures, directories, newspaper supplements, and other types of printed materials.
(vi) "Rotogravure printing" means the application of words, designs and pictures to a substrate by means of a roll printing technique which involves intaglio or recessed image areas in the form of cells.
(vii) "Roll printing" means the application of words, designs and pictures to a substrate usually by means of a series of hard rubber or steel rolls each with only partial coverage.
6. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (mm) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure, and flexographic printing equal or exceed 25 tons per year and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 5.
7. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (mm) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure, and flexographic printing equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 5.
8. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (mm) shall apply to facilities at which actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from flexible package printing, before controls, equal or exceed 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period) for facilities located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) Individual presses that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from flexible package printing that equal or exceed 25 tons per year shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1.(i), 2, and 3.
(ii) Individual presses that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from flexible package printing that do not equal or exceed 25 tons per year shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1.(i) and 2.
(iii) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 4., 5., and 14.
(iv) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraph 8.(i) or (iii) are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 13.
9. Applicability, On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (mm) shall apply to facilities at which potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure, and flexographic printing equals or exceeds 25 tons per year but at which the actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from flexible package printing, before controls, is less than 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period) and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 5.
10. Applicability. On and after January 1 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (mm) shall apply to facilities at which potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure, and flexographic printing equal or exceeds 100 tons per year but at which the actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from flexible package printing, before controls, is less than 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period) and are located Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 5.
11. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (mm) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from packaging rotogravure, publication rotogravure, and flexible package printing equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located outside of counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1., 2., and 5.
12. Applicability: The requirements of subparagraphs 8., 9.,, 10., and 11. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 6. and 7. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraphs 8., 9., 10., and 11. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
13. Compliance schedule:
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements specified in subparagraph 8.(i) and (iii) must be completed before January 1, 2015.
14. Compliance determinations for inks shall treat volatile compounds not defined as VOCs as water for the purposes of calculating the "percent-by-volume-or-more of water" and the "less water" parts of the ink composition.
(nn) VOC Emissions from External Floating Roof Tanks.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the storage of petroleum liquids in external floating roof tanks having capacities greater than 40,000 gallons unless:
(i) The vessel has been fitted with:
(I) A continuous secondary seal extending from the floating roof to the tank wall (rim-mounted secondary seal); or
(II) A closure or other device which controls VOC emissions with an effectiveness equal to or greater than a seal required under Part (I) of this subparagraph and approved by the Director.
(ii) All seal closure devices meet the following requirements:
(I) There are no visible holes, tears, or other openings in the seal(s) or seal fabric;
(II) The seal(s) are intact and uniformly in place around the circumference of the floating roof between the floating roof and the tank wall; and
(III) For vapor mounted primary seals, the accumulated area of gaps exceeding 1/8 inch in width between the secondary seal and the tank wall shall not exceed 1.0 inch2 per foot of tank diameter.
(iii) All openings in the external floating roof, except for automatic bleeder vents, rim space vents, and leg sleeves are:
(I) Equipped with covers, seals, or lids in the closed position except when the openings are in actual use; and
(II) Equipped with projections into the tank which remain below the liquid surface at all times.
(iv) Automatic bleeder vents are closed at all times except when the roof is floated off or landed on the roof leg supports;
(v) Rim vents are set to open when the roof is being floated off leg supports or at the manufacturer's recommended setting; and
(vi) Emergency roof drains are provided with slotted membrane fabric covers or equivalent covers which cover at least 90 percent of the area of the opening.
2. The owner or operator of a petroleum liquid storage vessel with an external floating roof subject to this regulation shall:
(i) Perform routine inspections semi-annually in order to insure compliance with paragraph 1. of this subsection and the inspections shall include a visual inspection of the secondary seal gap;
(ii) Measure the secondary seal gap annually when the floating roof is equipped with a vapor-mounted primary seal; and
(iii) Maintain records of the types of volatile petroleum liquids stored, the maximum true vapor pressure of the liquid as stored, and the results of the inspections performed in subparagraphs 2.(i) and (ii).
3. Copies of all records under paragraphs 2. of this subsection shall be retained by the owner or operator for a minimum of two years after the date on which the record was made.
4. Copies of all records under this section shall immediately be made available to the Director, upon verbal or written request, at any reasonable time.
5. The Director may, upon written notice, require more frequent inspections or modify the monitoring and record keeping requirements, when necessary to accomplish the purposes of this regulation.
6. This regulation does not apply to petroleum liquid storage vessels which:
(i) Are used to store waxy, heavy pour crude oil;
(ii) Have capacities less than 420,000 gallons and are used to store produced crude oil and condensate prior to lease custody transfer;
(iii) Contain a petroleum liquid with a true vapor pressure of less than 1.5 psia;
(iv) Contain a petroleum liquid with a true vapor pressure of less than 4.0 psia; and
(I) Are of welded construction; and
(II) Presently possess a metallic-type shoe seal, a liquid mounted foam seal, a liquid-mounted liquid filled type seal, or other closure device of demonstrated equivalence approved by the Director; or
(III) Are of welded construction, equipped with a metallic-type shoe primary seal and has a secondary seal from the top of the shoe to the tank wall (shoe-mounted secondary seal).
7. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Condensate" means hydrocarbon liquid separated from natural gas which condenses due to changes in the temperature and/or pressure and remains liquid at standard conditions.
(ii) "Crude oil" means a naturally occurring mixture which consists of hydrocarbons and sulfur, nitrogen and/or oxygen derivatives of hydrocarbons which is a liquid at standard conditions.
(iii) "Lease custody transfer" means the transfer of produced crude oil and/or condensate, after processing and/or treating in the producing operations, from storage tanks or automatic transfer facilities to pipelines or any other forms of transportation.
(iv) "External floating roof" means a storage vessel cover in an open top tank consisting of a double deck or pontoon single deck which rests upon and is supported by the petroleum liquid being contained and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between the roof edge and tank wall.
(v) "Liquid-mounted seal" means a primary seal mounted in continuous contact with the liquid between the tank wall and the floating roof around the circumference of the tank.
(vi) "Petroleum liquids" means crude oil, condensate, and any finished or intermediate products manufactured or extracted in a petroleum refinery.
(vii) "Vapor-mounted seal" means a primary seal mounted so there is an annular vapor space underneath the seal. The annular vapor space is bounded by the bottom of the primary seal, the tank wall, the liquid surface and the floating roof.
(viii) "Waxy, heavy pour crude oil" means a crude oil with a pour point of 50°F or higher as determined by the American Society for Testing and Materials Standards D97-66, "Test for Pour Point of Petroleum Oils."
(oo) Fiberglass Insulation Manufacturing Plants.
1. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit or allow the emission of particulate matter from any fiberglass insulation production line to exceed a concentration of 0.04 grains per standard dry cubic foot.
2. For the purpose of this subsection, "Fiberglass insulation production line" means any combination of equipment, devices or contrivances for the manufacture of fiberglass insulation. This does not include glass melting furnaces, equipment associated with the process which is defined herein as "Fuel-burning Equipment," equipment the primary purpose of which involves the handling, storing or packaging of the fiberglass insulation or equipment the primary purpose of which involves the handling, storing or conveying of raw products for input into the glass melting furnace.
(pp) Bulk Gasoline Plants.
1. After the compliance date specified in paragraph 6. of this subsection, no owner or operator of a bulk gasoline plant may permit the receiving or dispensing of gasoline by its stationary storage tanks unless:
(i) Each stationary storage tank is equipped with a submerged fill pipe, approved by the Director; or
(ii) Each stationary storage tank is equipped with a fill line whose discharge opening is at the tank bottom.
(iii) Each stationary storage tank has a vapor balance system consisting of the following major components:
(I) A vapor space connection on the stationary storage tank equipped with fittings which are vapor tight and will automatically and immediately close upon disconnection so as to prevent release of gasoline or gasoline vapors; and
(II) A connecting pipe or hose equipped with fittings which are vapor tight and will automatically and immediately close upon disconnection so as to prevent release of gasoline or gasoline vapors.
2. After the compliance date specified in paragraph 6. of this subsection, no owner or operator of a bulk gasoline plant, or the owner or operator of a tank truck or trailer may permit the transfer of gasoline between the tank truck or trailer and stationary storage tank unless:
(i) The vapor balance system is in good working order and is connected and operating;
(ii) The gasoline transport vehicle is maintained to prevent the escape of fugitive vapors and gasses during loading operations;
(iii) A means is provided to prevent liquid drainage from the loading device when it is not in use or to accomplish complete drainage before the loading device is disconnected; and
(iv) The pressure relief valves on storage vessels and tank trucks or trailers are set to release at 0.7 psia or greater unless restricted by state or local fire codes or the National Fire Prevention Association guidelines in which case the pressure relief valve must be set to release at the highest possible pressure allowed by these codes or guidelines.
3. The requirements of this subsection shall not apply to stationary storage tanks of less than 2,000 gallons.
4. Sources and persons affected under this subsection shall comply with the vapor collection and control system requirements of subsection 391-3-1-.02(2)(ss).
5. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Bottom filling" means the filling of a tank truck or stationary storage tank through an opening that is located at the tank bottom.
(ii) "Bulk gasoline plant" means a gasoline storage and distribution facility with an average daily throughput of more than 4,000 gallons but less than 20,000 gallons which receives gasoline from bulk terminals by rail and/or trailer transport, stores it in tanks, and subsequently dispenses it via account trucks to local farms, businesses, and service stations.
(iii) "Bulk gasoline terminal" means a gasoline storage facility which receives gasoline from refineries primarily by pipeline, ship, or barge, and delivers gasoline to bulk gasoline plants or to commercial or retail accounts primarily by tank truck and has an average daily throughput of more than 20,000 gallons of gasoline.
(iv) "Gasoline" means any petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 4.0 psia or greater.
(v) "Stationary Storage Tank" means all underground vessels and any aboveground vessels never intended for mobile use.
(vi) "Submerged filling," means the filling of a tank truck or stationary tank through a pipe or hose whose discharge opening is not more than six inches from the tank bottom.
(vii) "Vapor balance system" means a combination of pipes or hoses that create a closed system between the vapor spaces of an unloading tank and a receiving tank such that vapors displaced from the receiving tank are transferred to the tank being unloaded.
6. Compliance Dates.
(i) All bulk gasoline plants located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale counties shall be in compliance.
(ii) All bulk gasoline plants located in Catoosa, Richmond and Walker counties shall be in compliance with this subsection by May 1, 2006.
(iii) All bulk gasoline plants located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton counties shall be in compliance with this subsection by June 1, 2008.
(qq) VOC Emissions from Large Petroleum Dry Cleaners.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emissions of VOC from a large petroleum dry cleaner facility to exceed 3.5 pounds per 100 pounds dry weight of articles dry cleaned.
2. The VOC content in all filtration waste shall be reduced to one pound or less per hundred pounds dry weight of articles dry cleaned before disposal and exposure to the atmosphere from a petroleum solvent filtration system; or
3. Install and operate a cartridge filtration system and drain the filter cartridges in the sealed housing for eight hours or more before their removal.
4. Each owner or operator of a large petroleum dry cleaner shall inspect all equipment for leaks every 15 days and repair all petroleum solvent vapor and liquid leaks within three working days after identifying the source of the leaks.
5. Each owner or operator of a large petroleum dry cleaner shall maintain sufficient records to demonstrate compliance and provide them to the Division upon request, for a period of two years.
6. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Cartridge filter" means perforated canisters containing filtration paper and activated carbon that are used in the pressurized system to remove solid particles and fugitive dyes from soil-laden solvents.
(ii) "Large petroleum dry cleaner" means any facility engaged in the process of the cleaning of textile and fabric products in which articles are washed in a nonaqua solution (solvent), then dried by exposure to a heated air stream and consumes 25 tons or more of a petroleum solvent annually.
(iii) "Solvent recovery dryer" means a class of dry cleaning dryers that employs a condenser to liquefy and recover solvent vapors evaporated in a closed loop recirculating stream of heated air.
(rr) Gasoline Dispensing Facility - Stage I.
1. Requirements: After the compliance date specified in subparagraph 16 of this subparagraph, no person may transfer or cause or allow the transfer of gasoline from any delivery vessel into any stationary storage tank subject to subparagraph (rr), unless:
(i) The stationary storage tank is equipped with all of the following:
(I) A submerged fill pipe; and
(II) A Division approved Gasoline Vapor Recovery System as noted below:
A. An Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System as defined in subparagraph 15.(iv) that shall remain in good working condition, such as keeping the vapor return opening free of liquid or solid obstructions, and that also shall be leak tight as determined by tests conducted in accordance with test procedures as approved by the Division; or
B. For existing gasoline dispensing facilities in Catoosa, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, Richmond, Rockdale, and Walker counties, a Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System as defined in subparagraph 15.(x) that shall remain in good working condition; and
(III) Vents that shall be at least 12 feet in height from the ground and shall have a Pressure/Vacuum vent valve with settings as specified by applicable Stage I or II vapor recovery CARB executive order. In systems where vents have manifolds, the manifold may be less than 12 feet.
(ii) The vapors displaced from the gasoline stationary storage tank during filling are controlled by one of the following:
(I) A vapor-tight vapor return line from the gasoline stationary storage tank(s) to the delivery vessel for each product delivery line that is connected from the delivery vessel to the gasoline stationary storage tank(s) and a method or procedure that will ensure the vapor line(s) is connected before gasoline can be transferred into the gasoline stationary storage tank(s); or
(II) If a manifold connects all gasoline stationary storage tanks vent lines, a vapor-tight vapor return line from a gasoline stationary storage tank being filled to the delivery vessel with sufficient return capacity to control vapors from all gasoline stationary storage tanks being filled at the time and to prevent release of said vapors from the vent line(s) or other gasoline stationary storage tank openings, however, no more than two tanks shall be filled at the same time per connected vapor-tight return line; or
(III) A refrigeration-condensation system or a carbon adsorption system is utilized and recovers at least 90 percent by weight of the organic compounds.
2. Applicability: The requirements contained in this subparagraph shall apply to all stationary storage tanks with capacities of 2,000 gallons or more which were in place before January 1, 1979, and stationary storage tanks with capacities of 250 gallons or more which were in place after December 31, 1978, located at gasoline dispensing facilities located in those counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Catoosa, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Paulding, Richmond, Rockdale, Spalding, Newton, Walker and Walton.
3. Applicability: Once a gasoline dispensing facility becomes subject to this rule, it will continue to be subject even if the gasoline average throughput rate falls below the applicability threshold.
4. Exemptions: The requirements of this subparagraph shall not apply to stationary storage tanks of less than 550 gallons capacity used exclusively for the fueling of implements of husbandry or to gasoline dispensing facilities that dispense no more than 10,000 gallons average monthly throughput rate of gasoline per month, provided the tanks are equipped with submerged fill pipes.
5. Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems installed prior to January 1, 1993 that currently utilize a co-axial Stage I vapor recovery system in which the gasoline stationary storage tanks are not manifolded in any manner and that are utilized at a facility that is not required to have a Stage II vapor recovery system shall be exempted from installing a co-axial poppetted drop tube. All co-axial Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems must be upgraded to Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems before May 1, 2012.
6. Certification and Recertification Testing Requirements: All Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems and Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems at gasoline dispensing facilities shall be certified by the equipment owner as being properly installed and properly functioning in accordance with the applicable CARB Executive Order. Certification and recertification testing shall be conducted by a qualified technician who has a thorough knowledge of the system. Tests shall be conducted in accordance with test procedures as approved by the Division. The fill cap and vapor cap must be removed when performing certification testing.
7. Certification and Recertification Testing Requirements: Testing may be conducted by the Division or by an installation or testing company that meets the minimum criteria established by the Division for conducting such tests. In the case where a party other than the Division will be conducting the testing, the owner or operator shall notify the Division at least five business days in advance as to when and where the testing will occur, what party will conduct the testing, and the CARB Executive Order number. For Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems, a certified and trained individual is required to install and test the System in accordance with the applicable CARB Executive Order.
8. Certification and Recertification Testing Requirements: Certification, recertification, and testing and compliance reporting for all Stage I gasoline vapor recovery systems shall be required according to the following schedule:
(i) Certification testing is required within 30 days of system installation for Stage I gasoline vapor recovery systems approved by the Division after December 31, 2002.
(ii) Certification testing is required within 30 days of system installation for Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems approved by the Division installed after December 31, 2002.
(iii) After June 1, 2008, recertification testing will be required within 12 months following the initial certification or recertification for Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems approved by the Division.
(iv) After June 1, 2008 recertification testing will be required within 24 months following the initial certification or recertification for Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems approved by the Division.
9. Reporting Requirements: Compliance reporting shall be required within 30 days of the certification or recertification test(s) required by subparagraph 8. This report shall be submitted to the Division and shall include results of all tests conducted for certification or recertification.
10. Maintenance Requirements: The owner or operator of the gasoline dispensing facility shall maintain the Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System or Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System in proper operating condition as specified by the manufacturer and free of defects that could impair the effectiveness of the system. For the purposes of this subparagraph, the following is a list of equipment defects that substantially impair the effectiveness of the systems in reducing gasoline bulk transfer and fugitive vapor emissions:
(i) Absence or disconnection of any component that is a part of the approved system;
(ii) Pressure/vacuum relief valves or dry breaks and drain valves in the spill bucket that are inoperative; and
(iii) Any visible product leaks.
11. Maintenance Requirements: Upon identification of any of the defects as described above, the owner or operator of the gasoline dispensing facility shall immediately schedule and implement repair, replacement or adjustment by the company's repair representative as necessary.
12. Recordkeeping Requirements: The following records shall be maintained on-site for two years:
(i) Maintenance records including any repaired or replacement parts and a description of the problems;
(ii) Compliance records including warnings or notices of violation issued by the Division; and
(iii) Gasoline throughput records that will allow the average monthly gasoline throughput rate to be continuously determined.
13. Recordkeeping Requirements: Record disposal may be approved by the Division upon a written request by the owner or operator of the gasoline dispensing facility. Approval may be granted on a case-by-case basis considering volume of records, number of times the records have been inspected by the Division; and the value of maintaining the records. In no case, shall the time be extended beyond the requirements of this subparagraph.
14. Compliance Inspections: Gasoline dispensing facilities equipped with Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems and Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery Systems shall be subject to annual compliance inspections and functional testing by the Environmental Protection Division personnel which include but are not limited to the following:
(i) Verification that all equipment is present and maintains a certified system configuration as defined in subparagraphs 15.(iv). or 15.(x), whichever is applicable.
(ii) Inspection of all Stage I vapor recovery related files to ensure that the gasoline dispensing facility has complied with maintenance requirements and other record keeping requirements such as inspection, compliance and volume reports as required by subparagraphs 10., 11., 12., and 13..
(iii) Observation of the use of equipment by facility operators and product suppliers.
(iv) Verification that the facility has complied with the certification and/or recertification testing requirements as specified by subparagraphs 6., 7., and 8., whichever is applicable.
15. Definitions: For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Average monthly throughput rate" means the average of the gallons pumped monthly for the most recent two year period of operation excluding any inactive period. If a facility has not been in operation for two years or does not have access to records for the most recent two years of operation, the Division shall determine the length of time to determine the average of the gallons pumped monthly.
(ii) "CARB" means the California Air Resources Board.
(iii) "Delivery vessel" means tank trucks or trailers equipped with a storage tank and used for the transport of gasoline from sources of supply to stationary storage tanks of gasoline dispensing facilities.
(iv) Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System" means:
(I) any Stage I gasoline vapor recovery system properly certified under current version of the CARB vapor recovery certification procedures and applicable executive order effective on or after April 1, 2001; or
(II) any Stage I gasoline vapor recovery system whose design has been submitted to the Division, has passed any required certification tests, demonstrated an efficiency of 98% collection of vapors, and whose owner/operator has received a written approval from the Division. The submitted design shall include but may not be limited to drawings detailing all components of the system and a written narrative describing the components and their use.
(v) "Existing gasoline dispensing facility" means any applicable gasoline dispensing facility with an approved Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System that was in operation on or before April 30, 2008.
(vi) "Gasoline" means a petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 4.0 psia or greater.
(vii) "Gasoline dispensing facility" means any site where gasoline is dispensed to motor vehicle gasoline tanks from stationary storage tanks.
(viii) "Major Modification" means the addition, replacement, or removal of a gasoline storage tank or a modification that causes the tank top of an underground storage tank to be unburied.
(ix) "Reconstruction" means the replacement of any stationary gasoline storage tank.
(x) "Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System" means:
(I) any Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System properly certified under the CARB vapor recovery certification procedures effective before April 1, 2001, excluding the coaxial poppetted drop tube requirement exempted by subparagraph 5; or
(II) any Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System whose design has been submitted to the Division, has passed any required certification tests, and whose owner/operator has received a written approval from the Division. The submitted design shall include but may not be limited to drawings detailing all components of the system and a written narrative describing the components and their use. Mixing of equipment components certified under separate certification procedures may be allowed when supported by manufacturer or independent third-party certification that the configuration meets or exceeds the applicable performance standards and has received prior written approval from the Division
(xi) "Stationary storage tank" means all underground vessels and any aboveground vessels never intended for mobile use.
(xii) "Submerged fill pipe" means any fill pipe with a discharge opening which is within a nominal distance of six inches from the tank bottom.
16. Compliance Dates
(i) All gasoline dispensing facilities located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale counties shall be in compliance.
(ii) All gasoline dispensing facilities located in Catoosa, Richmond and Walker counties that dispense more than 50,000 gallons of gasoline per month shall be in compliance with this subparagraph by May 1, 2006.
(iii) All gasoline dispensing facilities located in Catoosa, Richmond and Walker counties that dispense 50,000 gallons or less of gasoline per month shall be in compliance with this subparagraph by May 1, 2007.
(iv) All gasoline dispensing facilities that dispense 100,000 gallons average monthly throughput of gasoline or more per month located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Spalding, Newton and Walton counties shall be in compliance with this subparagraph by June 1, 2008.
(v) All gasoline dispensing facilities that dispense greater than or equal to 50,000 gallons and less than 100,000 gallons average monthly throughput of gasoline per month located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Spalding, Newton and Walton counties shall be in compliance with this subparagraph by November 1, 2008.
(vi) All gasoline dispensing facilities that dispense greater than 10,000 gallons and less than 50,000 gallons average monthly throughput of gasoline-per-month and are located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Spalding, Newton and Walton counties shall be in compliance with this subparagraph by March 1, 2009.
(vii) Upon the effective date of this rule, all newly constructed or reconstructed gasoline dispensing facilities located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Catoosa, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Paulding, Richmond, Rockdale, Spalding, Newton, Walker and Walton shall be in compliance with this subparagraph upon startup of gasoline dispensing operations.
(viii) Upon the effective date of this rule, all existing gasoline dispensing facilities located in Catoosa, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, Richmond, Rockdale, and Walker counties that undergo major modification shall be in compliance with the requirements of an approved Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System as defined in subparagraph 15.(iv) upon completion of the modification.
(ix) All existing gasoline dispensing facilities located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale counties shall be in compliance with the requirements of an approved Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System as defined in subparagraph 15.(iv) before May 1, 2012.
(x) All existing gasoline dispensing facilities located in Catoosa, Richmond, and Walker counties shall be in compliance with the requirements of an approved Enhanced Stage I Gasoline Vapor Recovery System as defined in subparagraph 15.(iv) before May 1, 2023.
(ss) Gasoline Transport Vehicles and Vapor Collection Systems.
1. After the compliance date specified in paragraph 6. of this subparagraph, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the loading or unloading of gasoline from a gasoline transport vehicle of any size capacity unless:
(i) The tank sustains a pressure change of not more than three inches of water in five minutes when pressurized to 18 inches of water and evacuated to six inches of water as tested at least once per year in accordance with test procedures specified by the Division;
(ii) Displays a marking on the right front (passenger) side of the tank, in characters at least 2 inches high, which reads either P/V TEST DATE or EPA27 and the date on which the gasoline transport tank was last tested;
(iii) The tank has no visible liquid leaks and no gasoline vapor leaks as measured by a combustible gas detector;
(iv) The owner or operator of the gasoline transport vehicle has submitted to the Division within 30 days of the test date a data sheet in the format specified by the Division containing at a minimum the following information: name of person(s) or company that conducted the test, date of test, test results including a list of any repairs made to the transport vehicle to bring it into compliance and the manufacturer's vehicle identification number (VIN) of the tank truck or frame number of a trailer-mounted tank; and
(v) The transport vehicle has been equipped with fittings which are vapor tight and will automatically and immediately close upon disconnection so as to prevent release of gasoline or gasoline vapors, with a vapor return line and hatch seal designed to prevent the escape of gasoline or gasoline vapors while loading.
2. The owner or operator of a vapor collection and vapor control system shall:
(i) Design and operate the vapor collection and vapor control system and the gasoline loading equipment in a manner that prevents:
(I) Gauge pressure from exceeding 18 inches of water and vacuum from exceeding six inches of water in the gasoline tank truck;
(II) A reading equal to or greater than 100 percent of the lower explosive limit (LEL, measured as propane) at one inch from all points on the perimeter of a potential leak source when measured (in accordance with test procedures specified by the Division) during loading or unloading operations at gasoline dispensing facilities, bulk gasoline plants and bulk gasoline terminals; and
(III) Avoidable visible liquid leaks during loading and unloading operations at gasoline dispensing facilities, bulk gasoline plants and bulk gasoline terminals.
(ii) Within 15 days, repair and retest a vapor collection or vapor control system that exceeds the limits in Subparagraph (i) above.
3. Applicability: The requirements of this subparagraph shall apply only to those gasoline transport vehicles which load or unload gasoline at bulk gasoline terminals, bulk gasoline plants, and gasoline dispensing facilities subject to VOC vapor control requirements contained under section 391-3-1-.02(2).
4. The Division may require a pressure/vacuum retest or leak check for any gasoline transport vehicle, vapor collection system, vapor control system, and/or gasoline loading equipment subject to this subparagraph. A gasoline transport vehicle, vapor collection system, vapor control system, and/or gasoline loading equipment for which the Division has required a pressure/vacuum retest or leak check shall:
(i) Cease loading and unloading operations within fourteen (14) days of the date of the initial retest or leak check request unless the retest or leak check has been completed to the satisfaction of the Division;
(ii) Provide written advance notification to the Division of the scheduled time and place of the test in order to provide the Division an opportunity to have an observer present; and
(iii) Supply a copy of the results of all such tests to the Division within 30 days of the test date.
5. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Combustible Gas Detector" means a portable VOC gas analyzer with a minimum range of 0-100 percent of the LEL as propane.
(ii) "Gasoline" means a petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 4.0 psia or greater.
(iii) "Gasoline Transport Vehicle" means any mobile storage vessel including tank trucks and trailers used for the transport of gasoline from sources of supply to stationary storage tanks of gasoline dispensing facilities, bulk gasoline plants or bulk gasoline terminals.
(iv) "Gasoline Vapor Leak" means a reading of 100 percent or greater of the Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) of gasoline when measured as propane at a distance of one inch.
(v) "Vapor Collection System" means a vapor transport system, including any piping, hoses and devices, which uses direct displacement by the gasoline being transferred to force vapors from the vessel being loaded into either a vessel being unloaded or vapor control system or vapor holding tank.
(vi) "Vapor Control System" means a system, including any piping, hoses, equipment and devices, that is designed to control the release of volatile organic compounds displaced from a vessel during transfer of gasoline.
6. Compliance Dates.
(i) All gasoline transport vehicles and vapor collection systems operating in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale counties shall be in compliance.
(ii) All gasoline transport vehicles and vapor collection systems operating in Catoosa, Richmond and Walker counties shall be in compliance with this subparagraph by May 1, 2006.
(iii) All gasoline transport vehicles and vapor collection systems operating in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton counties shall be in compliance with this subparagraph by June 1, 2008.
(tt) VOC Emissions from Major Sources.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emissions of VOC from any source to exceed the levels specified in paragraph 3. below unless such source has been approved by the Director as utilizing all reasonably available control technology in controlling those VOC emissions.
2. For the purpose of this subsection, "Reasonably Available Control Technology" means the utilization and/or implementation of water based or low solvent coatings, VOC control equipment such as incineration, carbon adsorption, refrigeration or other like means as determined by the Director to represent reasonably available control technology for the source category in question.
3. The requirements contained in this subsection shall apply to all such sources located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale which have potential VOC emissions exceeding 25 tons-per-year and to all such sources in the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton which have potential VOC emissions exceeding 100 tons-per-year.
4. Compliance Dates.
(i) All sources of VOC emissions subject to this subsection and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale shall be in compliance.
(ii) All sources of VOC emissions subject to this subsection located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton and in operation on or before October 1, 1999, shall comply with the following compliance schedule:
(I) A demonstration of appropriate reasonably available control technology for controlling VOC emissions from the source must be submitted to the Division no later than October 1, 2000. Each demonstration is subject to approval, denial, or modification by the Division.
(II) A final control plan and application for a permit to construct for the installation of VOC emission control systems and/or modification of coatings, solvents, processes, or equipment must be submitted to the Division no later than April 1, 2001.
(III) On-site construction of emission control systems and/or modification of coatings, solvents, processes, or equipment must be completed by March 1, 2003.
(IV) Full compliance with the applicable requirements of this subsection must be demonstrated through methods and procedures approved by Division on or before May 1, 2003.
(iii) All sources of VOC emissions subject to this subsection located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton and which begin initial operation after October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance upon startup.
(iv) All sources of VOC emissions subject to this subsection and located in Barrow County shall be in compliance by March 1, 2009.
5. For the purpose of determining applicability of this subsection, the emissions of VOC from any source shall exclude all VOC emissions subject to any other more specific VOC requirements contained in other subsections of this Rule.
6. For all Reasonably Available Control Technology demonstrations approved or determined pursuant to this subsection, the Division shall issue a public notice which provides for an opportunity for public comment and an opportunity for a hearing on the determination.
7. All Reasonably Available Control Technology demonstrations, and any modifications or changes to those determinations, approved or determined by the Division pursuant to this subsection shall be submitted by the Division to the U.S. EPA as a revision to the state implementation plan. No Reasonably Available Control Technology demonstration, nor any modification or change to a demonstration, approved or determined by the Division pursuant to this subsection shall revise the state implementation plan or be used as a state implementation plan credit, until it is approved by the U.S. EPA as a state implementation plan revision.
(uu) Visibility Protection.
1. The Director shall provide written notice of any permit application or written advance notice of a permit application for a proposed major stationary source or major modification to an existing major stationary source of emissions from which may have an impact on visibility in a Class I area to the federal land manager and the federal official charged with direct responsibility for management of any land within any such area.
2. The Director shall provide such notice within 30 days after receiving an application or written advance notice from a source as described in paragraph 1. above. The notification of a permit application shall include an analysis of the proposed source's anticipated impact on visibility in any federal Class I area and all materials in the application. In addition, the Director shall provide the Federal Land Manager a 60-day notice of any public hearing on that permit application.
3. The Director shall consider any analysis performed and/or written comments made by the Federal Land Manager in any final determination regarding the issuance of the permit provided that such analysis and/or comments are received within 30 days of having been notified by the Division. Where such analysis does not demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Director that an adverse impact will occur, the Director shall explain his decision and give notice of where the explanation can be obtained.
4. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply regardless of whether the proposed facility is to be located in an attainment, unclassified or non-attainment area.
5. The Director may require the source to monitor visibility in any Class I Federal area near the proposed new stationary source or major modification for such purposes and by such means as the Director deems necessary and appropriate.
6. For the purpose of this paragraph, major stationary source or major modification to an existing source shall be defined as in 40 CFR 51.24, but only for the pollutants of particulate matter, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides.
7. Prior to the issuance of any permit, the Director shall ensure that the source's emissions will be consistent with making reasonable progress towards the national visibility goal of preventing any future, and remedying any existing, impairment of visibility in mandatory Class I areas which impairment results from manmade air pollution. The Director may take into account the cost of compliance, the time necessary for compliance, the energy and non-air quality environmental impacts of compliance, and the useful life of the source.
8. For the purpose of this paragraph, "impact on visibility" means visibility impairment (reductions in visual range and atmospheric discoloration) which interferes with the management, protection, preservation or enjoyment of the visitor's visual experience of the Federal Class I area. This determination must be made on a case-by-case basis taking into account the geographic extent, intensity, duration, frequency and time of visibility impairment, and must have these factors correlate with:
(i) Times of visitor use of the Federal Class I area; and
(ii) The frequency and timing of natural conditions that reduce visibility.
(vv) Volatile Organic Liquid Handling and Storage.
1. After the compliance date specified in section 3. of this subsection, no person subject to other VOC requirements contained in other subsections of this Rule may transfer or cause or allow the transfer of any volatile organic liquid other than gasoline from any delivery vessel into a stationary storage tank of greater than 4,000 gallons, unless the tank is equipped with submerged fill pipes.
2. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Delivery Vessel" means any tank truck or trailer equipped with a storage tank in use for the transport of volatile organic liquids from sources of supply to stationary storage tanks; and
(ii) "Submerged Fill Pipe" means any fill pipe with a discharge opening which is within six inches of the tank bottom.
3. Compliance Dates.
(i) All volatile organic liquid handling and storage facilities located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale shall be in compliance.
(ii) All volatile organic liquid handling and storage facilities subject to this subsection; located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and in operation on or before October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance by May 1, 2003.
(iii) All volatile organic liquid handling and storage facilities subject to this subsection; located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and which begin initial operation after October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance upon startup.
(iv) All volatile organic liquid handling and storage facilities subject to this subsection and located in Barrow County shall be in compliance by March 1, 2009.
(ww) Reserved.
(xx) Reserved.
(yy) Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides from Major Sources.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the emissions of nitrogen oxides from any source to exceed the levels specified in paragraph 2. below unless such source has been approved by the Director as meeting the appropriate requirement for all reasonably available control technology in controlling those emissions of nitrogen oxides.
2. The requirements contained in this subsection shall apply to all such sources located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale which have potential emissions of nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide, exceeding 25 tons-per-year and to all such sources in the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton which have potential emissions of nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide, exceeding 100 tons-per-year.
3. Compliance Dates.
(i) All sources of nitrogen oxides emissions subject to this subsection which have potential emissions of nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide, exceeding 50 tons per year; were in operation on or before April 1, 2004; and are located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale shall be in compliance.
(ii) All sources of nitrogen oxides emissions subject to this subsection located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton and in operation on or before October 1, 1999, shall comply with the following compliance schedule:
(I) A demonstration of appropriate reasonably available control technology for controlling emissions of nitrogen oxides from the source must be submitted to the Division no later than October 1, 2000. Each demonstration is subject to approval, denial, or modification by the Division.
(II) A final control plan and application for a permit to construct for the installation of nitrogen oxides emission control systems and/or modifications of process or fuel-burning equipment must be submitted to the Division no later than April 1, 2001.
(III) On-site construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or fuel-burning equipment must be completed by March 1, 2003.
(IV) Full compliance with the applicable requirements of this subsection must be demonstrated through methods and procedures approved by Division on or before May 1, 2003.
(iii) All sources of nitrogen oxides emissions subject to this subsection located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton and which begin initial operation after October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance.
(iv) All sources of nitrogen oxides emissions subject to this subsection which have potential emissions, expressed as nitrogen dioxide, not exceeding 50 tons-per-year; were in operation on or before April 1, 2004; and are located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale shall comply with the following compliance schedule:
(I) A demonstration of appropriate reasonably available control technology for controlling emissions of nitrogen oxides from the source must be submitted to the Division no later than October 1, 2004. Each demonstration is subject to approval, denial, or modification by the Division.
(II) A final control plan and application for a permit to construct for the installation of nitrogen oxides emission control systems and/or modifications of process or fuel-burning equipment must be submitted to the Division no later than April 1, 2005.
(III) On-site construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or fuel-burning equipment must be completed by March 1, 2007.
(IV) Full compliance with the applicable requirements of this subsection must be demonstrated through methods and procedures approved by Division on or before May 1, 2007.
(v) All sources of nitrogen oxide emissions subject to this subsection located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale and which begin initial operation after April 1, 2004, shall be in compliance upon startup.
(vi) All sources of nitrogen oxide emissions subject to this subsection and located in Barrow County shall be in compliance by March 1, 2009.
4. The requirements contained in this subsection shall not apply to individual equipment at the source which have potential emissions of nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide, in quantities less than a de minimis level of one ton-per-year or to air pollution control devices which are installed to effect compliance with any requirement of this Chapter.
5. The requirements contained in this subsection shall not apply to individual equipment at the source which are subject to subsections (jjj), (lll), (mmm), or (nnn) of this section 391-3-1-.02(2).
6. For the purpose of determining applicability of this subsection, the emissions of nitrogen oxides from any source shall exclude all nitrogen oxides emissions subject to subsections (jjj), (lll), (mmm), or (nnn) of this section 391-3-1-.02(2).
7. For all Reasonably Available Control Technology demonstrations approved or determined pursuant to this subsection, the Division shall issue a public notice which provides for an opportunity for public comment and an opportunity for a hearing on the determination.
8. All Reasonably Available Control Technology demonstrations, and any modifications or changes to those determinations, approved or determined by the Division pursuant to this subsection shall be submitted by the Division to the U.S. EPA as a revision to the state implementation plan. No Reasonably Available Control Technology demonstration, nor any modification or change to a demonstration, approved or determined by the Division pursuant to this subsection shall revise the state implementation plan or be used as a state implementation plan credit, until it is approved by the U.S. EPA as a state implementation plan revision.
(zz) Gasoline Dispensing Facilities--Stage II.
1. After January 1, 1993, no person may construct or reconstruct a gasoline dispensing facility unless the gasoline dispensing facility is equipped and operating with a vapor recovery system to recover the displacement vapors from the vehicle's gasoline storage tank.
2. The requirements of this subsection shall not apply to facilities used exclusively for the fueling of implements of husbandry or individual dispensers used exclusively for the initial fueling and/or re-fueling of vehicles equipped with onboard refueling vapor recovery (ORVR) equipment. Furthermore, the gasoline volume dispensed into vehicles equipped with ORVR shall not be considered in any determination of applicability of this subsection.
3. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Approved Stage II vapor recovery system" means a Stage II vapor recovery system that has demonstrated 95 percent by weight or greater VOC control efficiency by:
(I) Stage II gasoline vapor recovery system properly certified under the CARB vapor recovery certification procedures effective on or before March 31, 2001, or a Stage II gasoline vapor recovery system properly certified under the CARB enhanced vapor recovery certification procedures effective April 1, 2001; mixing of equipment components certified under separate certification procedures may be allowed when supported by manufacturer or independent third-party certification that the configuration meets or exceeds the applicable performance standards and has received prior written approval from the Division; or
(II) Tested and approved by the Department using appropriate CARB test procedures and methods; or equivalent test procedures and methods approved by the Environmental Protection Division and EPA, and conducted by the Division or by a third party approved by the Division.
(ii) "Average monthly throughput rate" means the average of the gallons pumped monthly for the most recent two year period of operation excluding any inactive period. If a facility has not been in operation for two years or does not have access to records for the most recent two years of operation, the Division shall determine the length of time to determine the average of the gallons pumped monthly.
(iii) "CARB" means the California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA 96812.
(iv) "Division" means the Environmental Protection Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources.
(v) "Fill Cap" means a cap that fits over the stationary gasoline storage tank riser which contains the submerged fill pipe and that is used to prevent contaminants from entering the tank and as a secondary measure to prevent the release of gasoline vapors.
(vi) "Gasoline" means a petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 4.0 psia or greater.
(vii) "Gasoline Dispensing Facility" means any site where gasoline is dispensed to motor vehicle gasoline tanks from stationary storage tanks.
(viii) "Independent small business marketer of gasoline" means an owner engaged in the marketing of gasoline who receives more than 50 percent of his annual income from refining or marketing of gasoline, unless such a person:
(I) Is a refiner; or
(II) Controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, a refiner; or
(III) Is otherwise directly or indirectly affiliated with a refiner or with a person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a refiner, unless the sole affiliation referred to herein is by means of a supply contract or an agreement or contract to use a trademark, trade name, service mark, or other identifying symbol or name owned by such refiner or any such person.
(ix) "Operator" means any person who operates a facility utilizing gasoline dispensing equipment and receives income from sale of gasoline at such facility.
(x) "Owner" means the person who owns the gasoline dispensing equipment which transfers gasoline from a stationary gasoline storage tank, which shall include but not be limited to the gasoline dispensers, hoses, nozzles, breakaways, and vapor piping.
(xi) "Reconstruction" means the replacement of any stationary gasoline storage tank and/or the replacement of all gasoline dispensers.
(xii) "Refiner" means a person engaged in producing gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, lubricants, or other products through distillation of petroleum or through the redistillation, cracking, or reforming of unfinished petroleum derivatives, and whose total refinery capacity (including the refinery capacity of any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such refiner) is 65,000 barrels per day or greater.
(xiii) "Stage II controls" means a gasoline vapor recovery system which recovers vapors during the refueling of motor vehicles.
(xiv) "Vapor cap" means the cap that fits over the stationary gasoline storage tank riser which carries vapors from the storage tank to the delivery vessels during the transfer of gasoline in two-point Stage I vapor recovery systems and that is used to prevent contaminants from entering the storage tank and as a secondary measure to prevent the loss of gasoline vapors.
4. Once a gasoline dispensing facility becomes subject to this rule, it will continue to be subject even if the gasoline throughput rate falls below the applicability threshold until the facility decommissions its approved Stage II vapor recovery system as specified under paragraph 21. of this subsection.
5. After the compliance date specified in paragraph 7. of this subsection, no person may transfer or cause or allow the transfer of gasoline from stationary storage tanks at gasoline dispensing facilities subject to regulation under 391-3-1-.02(2)(zz) to any vehicle gasoline tank unless the gasoline dispensing facility is equipped with an approved vapor recovery system to recover the displaced vapors from the vehicle's gasoline tank. Beginning on May 1, 2014, gasoline dispensing facilities subject to regulation under 391-3-1-.02(2)(zz) may decommission its approved Stage II vapor recovery system as specified under paragraph 21. of this subsection. Once a facility has decommissioned its Stage II vapor recovery system, it is no longer required to recover the displaced vapors from vehicle gasoline tanks.
6. The requirements contained in this subsection shall apply to all gasoline dispensing facilities located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale.
7. The compliance date for existing gasoline dispensing facilities required to install Stage II controls shall be as follows:
(i) Facilities which began construction or reconstruction after November 15, 1990, must comply by no later than May 15, 1993.
(ii) Facilities constructed before November 15,1990, which are not owned by independent small business marketers and which have an average monthly throughput rate of 100,000 gallons or more of gasoline per month, must comply by no later than November 15, 1993.
(iii) Facilities constructed before November 15, 1990, which are not owned by independent small business marketers and which have an average monthly throughput rate between 10,000 and 100,000 gallons of gasoline per month, must comply by no later than November 15, 1994.
(iv) Multiple facilities owned by a single independent small business marketer and which have an average monthly throughput rate of more than 50,000 gallons of gasoline per month, the following schedule applies:
(I) no less than 33 percent of such facilities must comply by no later than November 15, 1993.
(II) no less than 66 percent of such facilities must comply by no later than November 15, 1994.
(III) all or 100 percent of such facilities must comply by no later than November 15, 1995.
(v) A single facility owned by a single independent small business marketer of gasoline and which has an average monthly volume throughput rate of more than 50,000 gallons of gasoline per month, must comply no later than November 15, 1994.
8. The following facilities are exempted from Stage II requirements:
(i) All gasoline dispensing facilities that dispense no more than 10,000 gallons of gasoline per month.
(ii) Any gasoline dispensing facility constructed or reconstructed prior to November 15, 1995 that dispenses up to and including 50,000 gallons and less per month and is owned by an independent small business marketer of gasoline.
(iii) Any new gasoline dispensing facility or gasoline dispensing facility having undergone reconstruction that commenced or recommenced dispensing of gasoline to motor vehicles after December 31, 2011.
9. Stage II vapor recovery systems at each gasoline dispensing facility shall be certified as being properly installed and properly functioning. Certification, compliance testing, recertification, and decommissioning shall be made by a trained, qualified technician who has a thorough knowledge of the system. Tests shall be conducted in accordance with test procedures as approved by the Division. The fill cap and vapor cap must be removed when performing any test to determine vapor tightness for a vapor recovery system for certification, compliance testing, recertification, or decommissioning purposes.
10. Testing may be conducted by the Division or by an installation or testing company that meets the minimum criteria established by the Division for conducting such tests. In the case where a party other than the Division will be conducting the initially required certification testing, compliance testing, recertification, or decommissioning testing, the owner or operator shall notify the Division at least five days in advance as to when the testing will occur and what party will conduct the testing.
11. Compliance reporting and recertification testing of the vapor recovery system shall be required according to the following schedule:
(i) Compliance reporting shall be required within twelve months of the original certification test and annually thereafter. This report shall be submitted to the Division and shall include results of either:
(I) a vapor tightness test and other functional test(s) as required by the Division; or
(II) a procedure or procedures equivalent to (I) as approved by the Division.
(ii) Recertification will be required every five years or upon major system modification or replacement. This recertification shall include a leak check test and other functional tests that are required by the Division. A major system modification is considered to be replacing, repairing or upgrading 75 percent or more of a facility's Stage II vapor recovery system. The percent measure is based on the cost of a total system replacement at the time of replacement, repair or upgrading.
12. Facilities equipped with Stage II vapor controls shall be subject to annual compliance inspections and functional testing by the Environmental Protection Division personnel which include but are not limited to the following:
(i) Verification that all equipment is present and maintains a certified system configuration and is in proper working order.
(ii) Inspection of all Stage II related files to ensure that the facility has complied with maintenance requirements and other record keeping requirements such as inspection, compliance and volume reports.
(iii) Observation of the use of equipment by facility operators and the public. These inspections shall include dispensing units, processors and handling units and any other systems-related equipment such as Stage I equipment.
(iv) A functional test of the required shut off or flow prohibiting mechanisms.
(v) A Dynamic Back pressure test (DBT); if applicable to the system.
(vi) Other compliance tests as deemed necessary by the Division.
(vii) Verification that the facility has complied with the Leak Test (LT) and the Liquid Blockage Test (LBT) requirements.
(viii) Inspection for labels, signs and/or other public information.
13. Each owner or operator shall ensure that at least one facility representative receives training and instruction in the operation and maintenance of the specific Stage II vapor recovery system in use at the facility. Such training shall be provided by the qualified instructor on the specific Stage II equipment. The trained facility representative shall instruct other appropriate facility employees as to the purpose and operating procedures of the system. Training shall include, but is not limited to, the following:
(i) Purposes and effects of the Stage II vapor control program;
(ii) Equipment operation and function specific to the facility's system;
(iii) Maintenance schedules and requirements for the facility's equipment;
(iv) Equipment manufacturer contacts (names, addresses and phone numbers) for parts and service.
14. Each owner or operator shall post operating instructions conspicuously on the front of each gasoline dispenser using the Stage II vapor recovery system. These instructions shall, at a minimum, include:
(i) A clear description of how to correctly dispense gasoline using the system;
(ii) A warning to not attempt continued refueling after automatic shutoff of the system (an indication that the vehicle fuel tank is full); and
(iii) A telephone number to be used to report to the station owner or company repair representative any problems experienced with the system.
15. The owner or operator shall maintain the Stage II vapor recovery system in proper operating condition as specified by the manufacturer and free of defects that could impair the effectiveness of the system. For the purposes of this paragraph, the following is a list of equipment defects in Stage II vapor recovery systems that substantially impair the effectiveness of the systems in reducing refueling vapor emissions:
(i) Absence or disconnection of any component that is a part of the approved system;
(ii) A vapor hose that is crimped or flattened such that the vapor passage is blocked, or the pressure drop through the vapor hose exceeds by a factor of 2 or more the value as certified in the approved system;
(iii) A nozzle boot that is torn in one or both of the following ways:
(I) A triangular-shaped or similar tear more than 1/2 inch on a side, or a hole more than 1/2 inch in diameter; or
(II) A slit more than 1 inch in length;
(iv) A faceplate or flexible cone on a balance nozzle or a nozzle in a vacuum assist type system, that is damaged such that the capability to achieve a seal with a fill pipe interface is affected for at least 1/4 of the circumference of the faceplate (accumulated);
(v) A nozzle shutoff mechanism that malfunctions in any manner;
(vi) Vapor return lines, including such components as swivels, anti-recirculation valves, and underground piping, that malfunction or are blocked, or are restricted such that the pressure drop through the line exceeds by a factor of 2 or more the value as certified in the approved system;
(vii) A vapor processing unit that is inoperative;
(viii) A vacuum producing device that is inoperative;
(ix) Pressure/vacuum relief valves, vapor check valves, or dry breaks that are inoperative;
(x) Any equipment defect that is identified by the Division as substantially impairing the effectiveness of the system in reducing refueling vapor emissions; or
(xi) Any leaks.
16. Upon identification of any of the defects as described above, the owner or operator shall tag "out-of-order" all dispensing equipment for which vapor recovery has been impaired. The tagged equipment shall be rendered inoperable and the tag(s) shall not be removed until the defective equipment has been repaired, replaced, or adjusted as necessary. The Division shall be promptly notified by U.S. Mail as to the corrective actions taken by the company's repair representative with regards to major repairs. Hoses, nozzles, nozzle boots and other routine repairs are exempted from this notification.
17. The owner or operator shall inspect all nozzles and nozzle boots or faceplates on a daily basis.
18. Owners or operators of facilities subject to Stage II vapor control shall maintain, at the facility, any applicable permits or licenses to operate the facility or specific system current at all times. All required records shall be made readily available for the Division's inspection. Certification and test results which verify that the Stage II vapor recovery system meets the requirements shall be maintained for five years or until it is decommissioned, whichever is less.
19. The following records shall be maintained for two years or until the Stage II vapor recovery system is decommissioned, whichever is less:
(i) Maintenance records including any repaired or replacement parts and a description of the problems.
(ii) Compliance records including warnings or notices of violation issued by the Division.
(iii) Gasoline throughput records which will allow the average monthly gasoline throughput rate to be continuously determined.
(iv) Inspection results including self-inspection weekly summaries.
(v) Records of operator employee training for current employees.
20. Record disposal may be approved by the Division upon a written request by the owner or operator of the facility. Approval may be granted on a case-by-case basis considering volume of records, number of times the records have been inspected by the Division; and the value of maintaining the records. In no case, shall the time be extended beyond the requirements of this subsection.
21. Owners or operators of gasoline dispensing facilities subject to the Stage II vapor recovery control requirements shall fully decommission their Stage II vapor recovery systems in accordance with the provisions of this subsection.
(i) Beginning May 1, 2014, owners or operators of gasoline dispensing facilities with Stage II vapor recovery systems may commence decommissioning of those systems. Decommissioning of the Stage II vapor recovery systems shall be completed no later than April 30, 2016.
(ii) An existing Stage II vapor recovery system shall be decommissioned only in accordance with the requirements in this Subparagraph.
(I) The entire existing Stage II vapor recovery system shall be fully decommissioned prior to the Stage II system no longer being operated and maintained as required by this rule and the terms and conditions of the system's currently applicable CARB Executive Order and Approval Letters.
(II) The gasoline dispensers connected to the Stage II vapor recovery system shall be taken out of service prior to the start of decommissioning and shall not be brought back into service to dispense gasoline until the requirements in this Subparagraph have been met.
(III) If the Stage II vapor recovery system has any liquid-collection points and liquid is present, the liquid must be removed and disposed of properly. If the liquid-collection point has a tube leading back to the submersible pump, the tube must be disconnected at the submersible pump, and the tube sealed properly so that it is vapor tight. A plug must be installed in the vacuum pump to seal the vacuum port. As an alternative to sealing the tube, the tube may be removed completely as long as the opening for the tube in the liquid-collection point is sealed so that it is vapor tight. The liquid-collection point cap shall create a vapor tight seal when placed on the liquid-collection point.
(IV) If the Stage II vapor recovery system includes a vapor pump for each fueling position, the vapor pump shall be disabled or removed.
(V) If the Stage II vapor-recovery system includes a centrally-located vacuum pump, the vacuum-pumping mechanism shall be removed. After removing the vacuum-generating mechanism, the vapor piping that was attached to the vapor pump must be sealed so that it is vapor tight.
(VI) The below-grade vapor piping shall be disconnected from the dispenser at a point that is at or below the level of the base of the dispenser. The below-grade vapor piping shall be properly sealed so that it is vapor tight.
(VII) The lower end of the vapor piping inside of each dispenser cabinet shall be sealed so that it is vapor tight.
(VIII) The vapor recovery piping connection at the storage tank shall be disconnected if it can be disconnected without excavation. If the vapor recovery piping is disconnected at the storage tank, the dispenser and tank side of the vapor piping shall be sealed so that it is vapor tight.
(IX) A rubber cap held in place by a hose clamp shall not be used to seal the vapor piping for any of the requirements in this subparagraph.
(X) If Stage II vapor recovery system operating instructions are posted on dispensers, the operating instructions shall be removed.
(iii) Within 30 calendar days of meeting the requirements in Subparagraph 21.(ii), a pressure decay test and tie-tank test shall be conducted to insure that the Stage I vapor recovery system is vapor tight and the storage tank vents are still functional. The pressure decay test shall be conducted in accordance with and meet the performance requirements in the CARB test procedure TP-201.3 "Determination of 2 Inch WC Static Pressure Performance of Vapor Recovery Systems of Dispensing Facilities" adopted on April 12, 1996, and amended on March 17, 1999. The tie-tank test shall be conducted in accordance with and meet the performance requirements in the CARB test procedure TP201.3C "Determination of Vapor Piping Connections to Underground Gasoline Storage Tanks" (Tie-Tank Test) adopted on March 17, 1999.
(iv) The gasoline dispensing facility owner or operator shall notify the Division a minimum of five business days, as defined by the Division, prior to the testing required for the decommissioning of the Stage II vapor recovery system as specified by Subparagraph 21.(iii). The owner or operator shall use and complete the notification form provided by the Division.
(v) The gasoline dispensing facility owner or operator shall submit a complete test report containing the results of the testing required by Subparagraph 21.(iii) within 30 days of the test date to the Division. The test report form shall be provided by the Division and must be used and completed in its entirety by the owner or operator. The report shall include results of all tests conducted for decommissioning of the Stage II vapor recovery system.
(vi) The gasoline dispensing facility owner or operator shall maintain the following records on-site for two years after decommissioning:
(I) Contracts and invoices associated with decommissioning of the Stage II vapor recovery system.
(II) Contracts, invoices, and test results for required testing for decommissioning of the Stage II vapor recovery system.
(vii) A gasoline dispensing facility is considered fully decommissioned once the following conditions have been met:
(I) All of the requirements in Subparagraph 21.(ii) have been met;
(II) All tests required in Subparagraph 21.(iii) have been conducted and performance requirements met; and
(III) Test report(s) as required in Subparagraph 21.(v) have been submitted to and approved by the Division.
(aaa) [reserved]
(bbb) [reserved]
(ccc) VOC Emissions from Bulk Mixing Tanks.
1. After the compliance date specified in section 4. of this subsection, no person shall let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of a mixing tank unless the following requirements for control of emissions of volatile organic compounds are satisfied:
(i) All portable and stationary mixing tanks used for the manufacture of any VOC containing material shall be equipped with covers which completely cover the tank except for an opening no larger than necessary to allow for safe clearance of the mixer shaft. The tank opening shall be covered at all times except when operator access is necessary.
(ii) Free fall of VOC containing material into product containers shall be accomplished by utilization of drop tubes, fill pipes or low-clearance equipment design on filling equipment unless demonstrated to the Division impractical for a specific operation.
(iii) Detergents or non-VOC containing cleaners shall be utilized for both general and routine cleaning operations of floors, equipment, and containers unless the cleanup cannot be accomplished without the use of VOC containing cleaners.
(iv) All waste solvents shall be stored in closed containers or vessels, unless demonstrated to be a safety hazard, and shall be disposed or reclaimed such solvents in a manner approved by the Division.
2. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Mixing Tanks" means any vessel in which resin, coating or other materials, or any combination thereof, are added to produce product blend.
3. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to facilities with potential VOC emissions exceeding 25 tons-per-year and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale and to facilities with potential VOC emissions exceeding 100 tons-per-year and located in the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton.
4. Compliance Dates.
(i) All sources subject to this subsection and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale shall be in compliance.
(ii) All sources subject to this subsection; located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and in operation on or before October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance by May 1, 2003.
(iii) All sources subject to this subsection; located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and which begin initial operation after October 1, 1999 shall be in compliance with this subsection upon startup.
(iv) All sources subject to this subsection and located in Barrow County shall be in compliance by March 1, 2009.
(ddd) VOC Emissions from Offset Lithography and Letterpress.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of any offset lithography printing facility unless:
(i) Offset presses utilize fountain solutions containing 8 percent or less by volume VOCs; and
(ii) The owner or operator installs and operates a VOC emission reduction system for all heatset offset printing operations approved by the Director to have at least a 90 percent reduction efficiency and a capture system approved by the Director, or an equivalent VOC emission rate.
2. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of any sheet-fed offset lithography printing facility unless the VOC content of the on-press (as-applied) fountain solution is:
(i) 5.0 percent alcohol or less (by weight); or
(ii) 8.5 percent alcohol or less (by weight) and the fountain solution is refrigerated to below 60°F (15.5°C); or
(iii) 5 percent alcohol substitute or less (by weight) and no alcohol in the fountain solution.
3. Sheet-fed offset lithography presses with a sheet size of 11 inches by 17 inches or smaller, and presses with a total fountain solution reservoir of less than 1 gallon are exempt.
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the operation of any cold-set web-fed offset lithography printing facility unless the VOC content of the on-press (as applied) fountain solution is 5 percent alcohol substitute or less (by weight) and no alcohol in the fountain solution.
5. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of any heatset web-fed offset lithography printing facility unless the VOC content of the on-press (as-applied) fountain solutions is:
(i) 1.6 percent alcohol or less (by weight); or
(ii) 3.0 percent alcohol or less (by weight) and the fountain solution is refrigerated to below 60°F (15.5°C); or
(iii) 5.0 percent alcohol substitute or less (by weight) and no alcohol in the fountain solution.
6. For heatset web-fed offset lithographic and letterpress printing presses, the owner or operator shall install and operate a VOC emission reduction system for all dryers with a potential to emit greater than or equal to 25 tons of VOC emissions per year prior to controls.
(i) Control devices with an initial installation date on or before January 1, 2015, shall be approved by the Director to have at least a 90 percent reduction efficiency and a capture system approved by the Director.
(ii) Control devices with an initial installation date after January 1, 2015, shall be approved by the Director to have at least a 95 percent reduction efficiency and a capture system approved by the Director.
(iii) For situations where the inlet concentration is so low that 90 or 95 percent efficiency cannot be achieved, an outlet concentration of 20 ppmv as hexane on a dry basis may be used as an alternative.
(iv) Heatset presses used for book printing and heatset presses with a maximum web width of 22 inches or less are exempt from the requirements in of subparagraph 6.(i) through (iii).
(v) The following materials are exempt from the requirements of subparagraph 6.(i) through (iii):
(I) sheet-fed or coldset web-fed inks;
(II) sheet-fed or coldset web-fed varnishes; and
(III) waterborne coatings or radiation (ultra-violet light or electron beam) cured materials used on offset lithographic or letterpress presses.
7. All cleaners used for blanket washing, roller washing, plate cleaners, impression cylinder cleaners, rubber rejuvenators and other cleaners used for cleaning a press, press parts, or to remove dried ink from areas around a press shall have a VOC composite vapor pressure less than 10 mm Hg at 20°Celsius or contain less than 70 weight percent VOC. For those tasks that cannot be carried out with low VOC composite vapor pressure cleaning materials or reduced VOC content cleaning materials, 110 gallons per year of cleaning materials that do not meet the requirements of this subsection may be used.
8. All cleaning materials and used shop towels are to be kept in closed containers.
9. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Cleaning Materials" means the materials used to remove excess printing inks, oils, and residual paper from press equipment. These materials are typically mixtures of organic (often petroleum-based) solvents.
(ii) "Fountain Solution" means the mixture of water and additional ingredients such as etchant, gum arabic and dampening aid which coats the non-image areas of the printing plate.
(iii) "Letterpress printing" means a printing process in which the image area is raised relative to the non-image area and the past ink is transferred to the substrate directly from the image surface.
(iv) "Lithographic printing" means a printing process where the image and the non-image areas are chemically differentiated; the image area is oil receptive and non-image area is water receptive.
(v) "Offset lithography printing" means a printing process that transfers the ink film from the lithographic plate to an intermediary surface (blanket) which then transfers the ink film to the substrate.
(vi) "Sheet-fed" refers to the process in which the substrate is cut into sheets before being printed.
(vii) "Web-fed" refers to the process in which the substrate is supplied to the press in the form of rolls.
10. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (ddd) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from offset lithography printing equal or exceed 25 tons per year and are located in Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1. and 9.
11. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (ddd) shall apply to facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from offset lithography printing equal or exceed 100 tons per year and are located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 1. and 9.
12. Applicability. Prior to January 1, 2015, all letterpress printing operations are subject to the applicability and control requirements of subparagraph 391-3-1-.02(2)(tt).
13. Applicability. On and after January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subparagraph (ddd) shall apply to facilities at which actual emissions of volatile organic compounds from offset lithographic printing and letter press printing, before controls, equal or exceed 15 pounds per day (or 2.7 tons per 12-month rolling period) for facilities located in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Hall, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties as follows:
(i) Individual heatset web offset lithographic printing presses and individual heatset web letterpress printing presses that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the dryer, prior to controls, that equal or exceed 25 tons per year shall comply with the provisions of subparagraph 6;
(ii) Individual heatset web offset lithographic printing presses that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the dryer, prior to controls, that do not equal or exceed 25 tons per year and are located at facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from offset lithography printing equal or exceed 25 tons per year in Cherokee; Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale Counties shall comply with the provisions of subparagraph 1.(ii);
(iii) Individual heatset web offset lithographic printing presses that have potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from the dryer, prior to controls, that do not equal or exceed 25 tons per year and are located at facilities at which the potential emissions of volatile organic compounds from offset lithography printing equal or exceed 100 tons per year in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton Counties shall comply with the provisions of subparagraph 1.(ii);
(iv) All applicable facilities shall comply with the provisions of subparagraphs 2., 3., 4., 5., 7., 8., and 9;
(v) Any physical or operational changes that are necessary to comply with the provisions specified in subparagraphs 13.(i) or (iv) are subject to the compliance schedule specified in subparagraph 15.
14. Applicability: The requirements of subparagraph 13. will no longer be applicable by the compliance deadlines if the counties specified in those subparagraphs are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015 and such counties continue to maintain that Standard thereafter. Instead, the provisions of subparagraphs 10., 11., and 12. will continue to apply on and after January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in the specified counties, the requirements of subparagraph 13. will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
15. Compliance Schedule:
(i) An application for a permit to construct and operate volatile organic compound emission control systems and/or modifications of process and/or coatings used must be submitted to the Division no later than July 1, 2014.
(ii) On-site of construction of emission control systems and/or modification of process or coatings must be completed by November 1, 2014.
(iii) Full compliance with the applicable requirements specified in subparagraphs 13.(i) and (iv) must be completed before January 1, 2015.
(eee) VOC Emissions from Expanded Polystyrene Products Manufacturing.
1. Except as provided in sections 2., 3., and 4. of this section, after the compliance date specified in section 8. of this subsection, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the VOC emissions from an expandable polystyrene product manufacturing facility to exceed 0.015 lbs VOC/lb bead utilized.
2. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of an expandable polystyrene cup manufacturing facility existing before November 1, 1987 unless the facility has installed and operates volatile organic compound emission reduction equipment on the pre-expanders having at least a 90.0 percent reduction efficiency and a capture system approved by the Director.
3. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of an expandable polystyrene board insulation manufacturing facility existing before January 1, 1990 unless the facility has installed and operates volatile organic compound emission reduction equipment on the pre-expanders so as to achieve at least a 90.0 percent reduction efficiency and a capture system approved by the Director; or limits VOC emissions from the entire facility to no greater than 0.0175 lb VOC/lb bead utilized.
4. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the operation of an expandable polystyrene custom shape manufacturing facility existing before January 1, 1990, unless the facility utilizes a batch expander and reduced volatile expandable polystyrene bead containing no more than 4.5 percent initial VOC content. The monthly weighted average of all beads used shall not exceed 4.5 percent.
5. For the purposes of this subsection, VOC emitted after the average curing time shall not be considered to be emitted from the facility.
6. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Expandable Polystyrene Products Manufacturing" means the manufacturing of products utilizing expandable polystyrene bead impregnated with a VOC blowing agent.
(ii) "Board Insulation Manufacturers" means producers of thermal insulation, display foam, or floatation products. Thermal insulation production usually requires densities as specified in ASTM C-578, the industry standard for both EPS and XPS insulation applications.
(iii) "Custom Shape Manufacturers" means producers of a variety of different products ranging in density and size and based primarily on customer specifications.
(iv) "Pre-expander" means the system where initial expansion of the bead occurs.
(v) "Process" means the point from the opening of the gaylord to the end of the average curing time.
7. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to facilities with potential VOC emissions exceeding 25 tons per year and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale and to facilities with potential VOC emissions exceeding 100 tons per year and located in the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton.
8. Compliance Dates.
(i) All sources subject to this subsection and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale shall be in compliance.
(ii) All sources subject to this subsection located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and in operation on or before October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance with this subsection by May 1, 2003.
(iii) All sources subject to this subsection; located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and which begin initial operation after October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance with this subsection upon startup.
(iv) All sources subject to this subsection and located in Barrow County shall be in compliance by March 1, 2009.
(fff) Particulate Matter Emissions from Yarn Spinning Operations.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer or allow the rate of particulate matter emissions from a yarn spinning operation with process input rates up to and including 30 tons per hour to equal or exceed the allowable rate of emissions calculated from the following equation.

E = 4.1P0.67

where:

E = allowable emission rate in pounds per hour;

P = process input weight of raw or partially processed fiber in tons per hour.

2. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the term process, as it applies to the yarn spinning operation, shall include all of the activities from bale delivery, bale stripping, carding, drawing, spinning, twisting, to and including winding, conducted at the facility.
(ggg) Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills.
1. The provisions of this subsection apply to each existing municipal solid waste landfill that commenced construction, reconstruction or modification before May 30, 1991 and has accepted waste at any time since November 8, 1987, or has additional design capacity available for future waste deposition. Physical or operational changes made to an existing municipal solid waste landfill solely to comply with this subsection are not considered construction, reconstruction, or modification and would not subject an existing municipal solid waste landfill to the requirements of 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)72. which are the Federal New Source Performance Standards for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills.
2. Definitions of all Terms used, but not defined in this subsection, have the meaning given them in 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart WWW, as amended. Terms not defined therein shall have the meaning given them in the federal Clean Air Act, the Georgia Air Quality Act or 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts A and B.
(i) The word "Administrator" as used in regulations adopted in this subsection shall mean the Director of the Georgia Environmental Protection Division.
3. For the purposes of implementing the requirements and provisions of the Emission Guidelines of 40 CFR 60 Subpart Cc for Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills, each existing municipal solid waste landfill meeting the conditions of paragraph 1. of this subsection shall comply with all of the applicable standards, requirements and provisions of 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart WWW, as amended, which is hereby incorporated and adopted by reference with the exceptions as follows:
(i) Standards for air emissions from municipal solid waste landfills. The FR 60.752 apply as stated therein with the exception of the following:
(I) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.752(a)(2), the following provision applies:

When an increase in the maximum design capacity of a landfill exempted from the provisions of 40 CFR 60.752(b) through 40 CFR 60.759 on the basis of the design capacity exemption in 40 CFR 60.752(a) results in a revised maximum design capacity equal to or greater than 2.5 million megagrams and 2.5 million cubic meters, the owner or operator shall comply with the provision of 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)72. which are the Federal New Source Performance Standards for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills.

(II) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B), the following provision applies:

The collection and control system design plan shall include any alternatives to the operational standards, test methods, procedures, compliance measures, monitoring, recordkeeping or reporting provisions of 40 CFR 60.753 through 40 CFR 60.758 proposed by the owner or operator. In addition, the collection and control system design plan must specify:

(1) the date by which contracts for control system/process modifications shall be awarded, (which shall be no later than 20 months after the date the NMOC emissions rate is first calculated to meet or exceed 50 megagrams per year);
(2) the date by which on-site construction or installation of the air pollution control devices(s) or process changes will begin (which shall be no later than 24 months after the date the NMOC emissions rate is first calculated to meet or exceed 50 megagrams per year); and
(3) the date by which the construction or installation of the air pollution control devices(s) or process changes will be complete.
(III) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.752(c)(1) and (c)(2) which establishes the date that a landfill is subject to 40 CFR Parts 70 and 71, the following date applies:
I. June 23, 1997.
(ii) Operational standards for collection and control systems. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.753 apply as stated therein.
(iii) Test methods and procedures. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.754 apply as stated therein with the exception of 40 CFR 60.754(c), which does not apply.
(iv) Compliance provisions. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.755 apply as stated therein.
(v) Monitoring of operations. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.756 apply as stated therein.
(vi) Reporting requirements. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.757 apply as stated therein with the exception of the following:
(I) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.757(a)(1), (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(ii), the following provision applies:

The initial design capacity report shall be submitted by October 1, 1997.

(II) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.757(b)(1)(i), (i)(A) and (i)(B), the following provision applies:

The initial NMOC emission rate report shall be submitted by October 1, 1997 and may be combined with the initial design capacity report required in 40 CFR 60.757(a). Subsequent NMOC emission rate reports shall be submitted annually thereafter, except as provided for in 40 CFR 60.757(b)(1)(ii) and 40 CFR 60.757(b)(3).

(vii) Recordkeeping requirements. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.758 apply as stated therein.
(viii) Specifications for active collection systems. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.759 apply as stated therein.
(hhh) Wood Furniture Finishing and Cleaning Operations.
1. Each owner or operator of a wood furniture finishing and cleaning operation shall limit VOC emissions from finishing operations by:
(i) Using topcoats that contain no more than 0.8 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; or
(ii) In lieu of complying with subsection (i), wood furniture finishing operations may comply by:
(I) Using a finishing system of sealers that contain no more than 1.9 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; and
(II) Using topcoats that contain no more than 1.8 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; or
(iii) For wood furniture finishing operations that use acid-cured alkyd amino vinyl sealers and that use acid-cured alkyd amino conversion varnish topcoats:
(I) Using sealers that contain no more than 2.3 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; and
(II) Using topcoats that contain no more than 2.0 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; or
(iv) For wood furniture finishing operations that do not use acid-cured alkyd amino vinyl sealers and that use acid-cured alkyd amino conversion varnish topcoats:
(I) Using sealers that contain no more than 1.9 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; and
(II) Using topcoats that contain no more than 2.0 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; or
(v) For wood furniture finishing operations that use acid-cured alkyd amino vinyl sealers and that do not use acid-cured alkyd amino conversion varnish topcoats:
(I) Using sealers that contain no more than 2.3 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; and
(II) Using topcoats that contain no more than 1.8 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied; or
(vi) Using an averaging approach that demonstrates the wood furniture finishing operation meets the emission limits defined in subsections (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v), averaged on a daily basis throughout the facility; or
(vii) Using a control system that will achieve an equivalent reduction in emissions and meet the requirements of subsections (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) of this section; or
(viii) Using a combination of the methods presented in subsections (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), and (vii).
2. Each owner or operator of a wood furniture finishing and cleaning operation shall limit VOC emissions by using strippable booth coating materials that contain no more than 0.8 pounds of VOC per pound of solids, as applied.
3. Each owner or operator of a wood furniture finishing and cleaning operation shall prepare and maintain a written work practice implementation plan that defines work practices for each wood furniture manufacturing operation and addresses each of the topics specified. The work practice implementation plan shall be submitted to the Division for approval by the compliance dates contained in section 7. This plan shall include: an operator training course; a leak inspection and maintenance plan; a cleaning and washoff solvent accounting system; a spray booth cleaning plan; a storage plan for finishing, cleaning and washoff materials; an application equipment requirement plan; a paint line and gun cleaning plan; and an outline of washoff operations.
4. Each owner or operator of a wood furniture finishing and cleaning operation shall maintain certified product data sheets for each sealer, topcoat, and strippable booth coating material that is used to meet the requirements of sections 1. and 2. of this rule. If solvent or other VOC is added to the finishing material before application, the affected source shall maintain documentation showing the VOC content of the finishing material in pounds of VOC-per-pound of solids, as applied.
5. For the purpose of this subsection the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "As applied" means the VOC and solids content of the finishing material that is actually used for coating the substrate. It includes the contribution of materials used for in-house dilution of the finishing material.
(ii) "Certified product data sheet" means documentation furnished by a coating supplier or an outside laboratory that provides the VOC content by percent weight, the solids content by percent weight, and density of a finishing material, strippable booth coating, or solvent, measured using the EPA Method 24, or an equivalent or alternative method. The VOC content should represent the maximum VOC emission potential of the finishing material, strippable booth coating, or solvent.
(iii) "Sealer" means a finishing material used to seal the pores of a wood substrate before additional coats of finishing material are applied. Washcoats, which are used in some finishing systems to optimize aesthetics, are not sealers.
(iv) "Stain" means any color coat having a solids content by weight of no more than 8.0 percent that is applied in single or multiple coats directly to the substrate. This includes, but is not limited to, nongrain raising stains, equalizer stains, sap stains, body stains, no-wipe stains, penetrating stains, and toners.
(v) "Strippable booth coating" means a coating that:
(1) is applied to a booth wall to provide a protective film to receive overspray during finishing operations;
(2) that is subsequently peeled off and disposed; and
(3) by achieving (1) and (2), reduces or eliminates the need to use organic solvents to clean booth walls.
(vi) "Topcoat" means the last film-building finishing material applied in a finishing system. Non-permanent final finishes are not topcoats.
(vii) "Wood Furniture" means any product made of wood, a wood product such as rattan or wicker, or an engineered wood product such as particleboard that is manufactured under any of the following standard industrial classification codes: 2434, 2511, 2512, 2517, 2519, 2521, 2531, 2541, 2599, or 5712.
6. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to facilities with potential VOC emissions exceeding 25 tons-per-year and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale and to facilities with potential VOC emissions exceeding 100 tons-per-year and located in the counties of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton.
7. Compliance Dates.
(i) All sources subject to this subsection and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale shall be in compliance.
(ii) All sources subject to this subsection; located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and in operation on or before October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance with this subsection by May 1, 2003.
(iii) All sources subject to this subsection; located in the counties of Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, and Walton; and which begin initial operation after October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance with this subsection upon startup.
(iv) All sources subject to this subsection and located in Barrow County shall be in compliance by March 1, 2009.
(iii) Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerators Constructed on or Before June 20, 1996.
1. The provisions of this subsection apply to each hospital/medical/infectious waste incinerator (HMIWI) that commenced construction, reconstruction or modification on or before June 20, 1996 (hereinafter referred to as an "Existing HMIWI"). Physical or operational changes made to an Existing HMIWI solely to comply with this subsection are not considered construction, reconstruction, or modification and would not subject an Existing HMIWI to the requirements of 391-3-1-.02(8)(b)73.
(i) Any owner or operator of an incinerator which is a co-fired combustor that continuously complies with the limits and requirements specified in sections (I), (II), (III) of this paragraph is not subject to any other provision of this subsection.
(I) In any calendar quarter, the total amount of waste incinerated that meets the definition of "Hospital or Medical/Infectious Waste" shall not exceed 10 percent of the total amount of waste burned during that same period.
(II) A log shall be maintained for recording the weight of each charge of waste loaded into the incinerator. Each entry in the log shall indicate the weight of waste that is Hospital or Medical/Infectious waste and the weight of all other waste charged. The log shall be summarized at the end of each quarter showing the total amount of each waste that has been incinerated during that period.
(III) By the effective date of this subsection or prior to incinerating any Hospital or Medical/Infectious waste, the owner or operator shall submit an initial certification to the Division stating that the incinerator will be operated in accordance with the limits and requirements specified in subparagraphs 1.(i)(I) and (II) of this subsection.
2. The Owner or Operator of each Existing HMIWI shall submit the initial notification report, on forms provided, to the Division by no later than March 30, 1999.
3. This subsection shall become effective on the date Georgia's State Implementation Plan for Existing HMIWIs (hereinafter referred to as the "State HMIWI Plan") receives federal approval, but no later than March 15, 1999.
4. The Owner or Operator of each Existing HMIWI shall comply with all requirements in paragraph 7. of this subsection, including the requirements to conduct an initial performance test demonstrating compliance with the emissions limits and establishing operational parameters, on or before the date 1 year after federal approval of the State HMIWI Plan, but no later than March 15, 2000.
5. Each Existing HMIWI is subject to the permitting requirements of 391-3-1-.03(10) "Title V Operating Permits." Each owner and operator of an Existing HMIWI shall submit a Title V application to the Division by March 15, 2000.
6. Definitions of all Terms used, but not defined in this subsection, shall have the meaning given to them in 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart Ec, as amended. Terms not defined therein shall have the meaning given to them in the federal Clean Air Act or 40 CFR Part 60, Subparts A and B. For the purposes of this subsection the following definitions also apply:
(i) The term "Administrator" as used in regulations adopted in this subsection shall mean the Director of the Georgia Environmental Protection Division.
(ii) The term "EPA" as used in regulations adopted in this subsection shall mean the Georgia Environmental Protection Division.
7. For the purposes of implementing the requirements and provisions of the Emission Guidelines of 40 CFR 60, Subpart Ce for Existing HMIWIs, each Existing HMIWI shall comply with the standards, requirements and provisions of 40 CFR Part 60, Subpart Ec, as amended, which is hereby incorporated and adopted by reference, with the exceptions as follows:
(i) The provisions of 40 CFR 60.50c apply to each Existing HMIWI as stated therein with the exception of the following:
(I) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.50c(a), the following provision applies:

Except as provided in 40 CFR 60.50c(b) through (h), this Subpart shall apply to each existing HMIWI, as identified in paragraph 1. of this subsection.

(II) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.50c(e), the following provision applies:

Any combustor which meets the applicability requirements under 40 CFR Part 60 Subparts Cb, Ea, Eb, or Ec (standards or guidelines for certain municipal and new medical waste combustors) is not subject to this Subpart.

(III) The provisions of 40 CFR 60.50c(i), (j), (k), and (l) do not apply to an Existing HMIWI.
(ii) The definition for "Modification or Modified HMIWI" found in 40 CFR 60.51c does not apply to an Existing HMIWI.
(iii) Emission Limits. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.52c apply to each Existing HMIWI as stated therein with the exception of the following:
(I) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.52c(a), the following provision applies:

No owner or operator of an Existing HMIWI shall cause to be discharged into the atmosphere from that affected facility any gases that contain stack emissions in excess of the applicable limits found in Table 1 of 40 CFR 60.33e(a). Table 1 of 40 CFR 60.33e(a) is hereby incorporated and adopted by reference.

(II) The provisions of 40 CFR 60.52c(c), (d), and (e) do not apply to an Existing HMIWI.
(iv) Operator Training. An Operator of an Existing HMIWI must meet the requirements as outlined in the State HMIWI Plan to be considered qualified to operate an HMIWI. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.53c apply as stated therein with the exception of the following:
(I) In lieu of 40 CFR 60.53c(h)(10)(i)(1), the following provision applies:

The initial review of the information listed in paragraph (h) of 60.53c shall be conducted within 12 months after federal approval of the State HMIWI Plan or prior to assumption of responsibilities affecting HMIWI operation, whichever date is later, but no later than March 15, 2000.

(v) Siting Requirements. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.54c do not apply to an Existing HMIWI.
(vi) Waste Management Plan. The provisions of 40 CFR 60.55c apply to each Existing HMIWI as stated therein.
(vii) Compliance and Performance Testing. In lieu of 40 CFR 60.56c, Section 2.117.2 of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources Procedures for Testing and Monitoring Sources of Air Pollutants applies to each Existing HMIWI.
(viii) Monitoring Requirements. In lieu of 40 CFR 60.57c, Section 2.117.3 of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources Procedures for Testing and Monitoring Sources of Air Pollutants applies to each Existing HMIWI.
(ix) Reporting and Record Keeping Requirements. In lieu of 40 CFR 60.58c, Section 2.117.4 of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources Procedures for Testing and Monitoring Sources of Air Pollutants applies to each Existing HMIWI.
(jjj) NOX Emissions from Electric Utility Steam Generating Units.
1. Effective May 1, 1999, through September 30, 1999, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of NOX from an affected unit under this subsection unless:
(i) The NOX emissions from each affected unit(s) do not exceed the alternative emission limit established by the Director for the unit(s). Said alternative emission limits shall be determined by the Division and established in the Title V Permit for the affected unit(s). In no case shall the alternative emission limits established pursuant to this section, averaged over all affected units on a maximum rated heat input capacity basis, be greater than the average allowable rate specified in subsection 1.(ii).
(ii) If the person does not comply with all alternative emission limits established under subsection 1.(i) above, the person shall demonstrate that the NOX emissions, averaged over all affected units, do not exceed 0.34 lb/MMBTU heat input.
2. Effective May 1, 2000 through September 30, 2002, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of NOX from an affected unit under this subsection unless:
(i) The NOX emissions from each affected unit(s) do not exceed the alternative emission limit established by the Director for the unit(s). Said alternative emission limits shall be determined by the Division and established in the Title V Permit for the affected unit(s). In no case shall the alternative emission limits established pursuant to this section, averaged over all affected units on a maximum rated heat input capacity basis, be greater than the average allowable rate specified in subsection 2.(ii).
(ii) If the person does not comply with all alternative emission limits established under subsection 2.(i) above, the person shall demonstrate that the NOX emissions, averaged over all affected units, do not exceed 0.30 lb/MMBTU heat input.
3. Effective May 1, 2003, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of NOX from an affected unit under this subsection unless:
(i) The NOX emissions from each affected unit(s) do not exceed the alternative emission limit established by the Director for the unit(s). Said alternative emission limits shall be determined by the Division and established in the Title V Permit for the affected unit(s). In no case shall the alternative emission limits established pursuant to this section, averaged over all affected units using the highest 30 consecutive days of actual heat input for 1999, be greater than the average allowable rate specified in subsection 3.(ii).
(ii) If the person does not comply with all alternative emission limits established under subsection 3.(i) above, the person shall demonstrate that the NOX emissions, averaged over all affected units, do not exceed 0.13 lb/MMBTU heat input.
4. Effective May 1, 2003, through September 30, 2006, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of NOX from an affected unit under this subsection unless:
(i) The NOx emissions from each affected unit(s) do not exceed the alternative emission limit established by the Director for the unit(s). Said alternative emission limits shall be determined by the Division and established in the Title V Permit for the affected unit(s). In no case shall the alternative emission limits established pursuant to this section, averaged over all affected units using the highest 30 consecutive days of actual heat input for 1999, be greater than the average allowable rate specified in subsection 4.(ii).
(ii) If the person does not comply with all alternative emission limits established under subsection 4.(i) above, the person shall demonstrate that the NOX emissions, averaged over all affected units, do not exceed 0.20 lb/MMBTU heat input.
5. Effective May 1, 2007, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of NOx from an affected unit under this subsection unless:
(i) The NOx emissions from each affected unit(s) do not exceed the alternative emission limit established by the Director for the unit(s). Said alternative emission limits shall be determined by the Division and established in the Title V Permit for the affected unit(s). In no case shall the alternative emission limits established pursuant to this section, averaged over all affected units using the highest 30 consecutive days of actual heat input for 1999, be greater than the average allowable rate specified in subsection 5.(ii).
(ii) If the person does not comply with all alternative emission limits established under subsection 5.(i) above, the person shall demonstrate that the NOx emissions, averaged over all affected units, do not exceed 0.18 lb/MMBTU heat input.
6. Effective May 1, 2007, no person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of NOx from an affected unit under this subsection unless:
(i) The NOx emissions from each affected unit(s) do not exceed the alternative emission limit established by the Director for the unit(s). Said alternative emission limits shall be determined by the Division and established in the Title V Permit for the affected unit(s). In no case shall the alternative emission limits established pursuant to this section, averaged over all affected units using the highest 30 consecutive days of actual heat input for 1999, be greater than the average allowable rate specified in subsection 6.(ii).
(ii) If the person does not comply with all alternative emission limits established under subsection 6.(i) above, the person shall demonstrate that the NOx emissions, averaged over all affected units, do not exceed 0.17 lb/MMBTU heat input.
7. The compliance period shall be based on a 30-day rolling average beginning May 1 and ending September 30 of each year.
(i) The first 30-day averaging period shall begin on May 1.
(ii) The last 30-day averaging period shall end on September 30.
(iii) Affected units under this subsection shall be all coal-fired electric utility steam generating units with a maximum heat input greater than 250 MMBTU/hr.
8. The requirements contained in sections 1 and 2 of this subsection shall apply to all such sources located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale. The requirements contained in Section 3 of this subsection shall apply to all such sources located in the counties of Bartow, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Floyd, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Heard, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale. The requirements contained in sections 4 and 5 of this subsection shall apply to all such sources located in the counties of Bartow, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Floyd, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Heard, Henry, Monroe, Paulding, Putnam, and Rockdale. The requirements contained in Section 6 of this subsection shall apply to sources located in Monroe County.
(kkk) VOC Emissions from Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities.
1. No person shall cause, let, permit, suffer, or allow the emissions of VOC from the coating of aerospace vehicles or components to exceed:
(i) 2.9 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, delivered to a coating applicator that applies primers. For general aviation rework facilities, the VOC limitation shall be 4.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, delivered to a coating applicator that applies primers.
(ii) 3.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, delivered to a coating applicator that applies topcoats (including self-priming topcoats). For general aviation rework facilities, the VOC limitation shall be 4.5 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, delivered to a coating applicator that applies topcoats (including self-priming topcoats).
(iii) The VOC content limits listed in Table (kkk) -1 below expressed in pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, delivered to a coating applicator that applies specialty coatings.

TABLE (kkk)1 Specialty Coating VOC Limitations

Coating Type

VOC Content Limit

(lb/gal)

Ablative Coating

5.0

Adhesion Promoter

7.4

Adhesive Bonding Primers:

 

Cured at 250°F or below

7.1

Cured above 250°F

8.6

Adhesives:

 

Commercial Interior Adhesive

6.3

Cyanoacrylate Adhesive

8.5

Fuel Tank Adhesive

5.2

Nonstructural Adhesive

3.0

Rocket Motor Bonding Adhesive

7.4

Rubber-based Adhesive

7.1

Structural Autoclavable Adhesive

0.5

Structural Nonautoclavable Adhesive

7.1

Antichafe Coating

5.5

Bearing Coating

5.2

Caulking and Smoothing Compounds

7.1

Chemical Agent-Resistant Coating

4.6

Clear Coating

6.0

Commercial Exterior Aerodynamic Structure Primer

5.4

Compatible Substrate Primer

6.5

Corrosion Prevention Compound

5.9

Cryogenic Flexible Primer

5.4

Cryoprotective Coating

5.0

Dry Lubricative Material

7.3

Electric or Radiation-Effect Coating

6.7

Electrostatic Discharge and Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Coating

6.7

Elevated Temperature Skydrol Resistant Commercial Primer

6.2

Epoxy Polyamide Topcoat

5.5

Fire-Resistant (Interior) Coating

6.7

Flexible Primer

5.3

Flight-Test Coatings:

 

Missile or Single Use Aircraft

3.5

All Other

7.0

Fuel-Tank Coating

6.0

High-Temperature Coating

7.1

Insulation Covering

6.2

Intermediate Release Coating

6.3

Lacquer

6.9

Maskants:

 

Bonding Maskant

10.3

Critical Use and Line Sealer Maskant

8.5

Seal Coat Maskant

10.3

Metallized Epoxy Coating

6.2

Mold Release

6.5

Optical Anti-Reflective Coating

6.3

Part Marking Coating

7.1

Pretreatment Coating

6.5

Rain Erosion-Resistant Coating

7.1

Rocket Motor Nozzle Coating

5.5

Scale Inhibitor

7.3

Screen Print Ink

7.0

Sealants:

 

Extrudable/Rollable/Brushable Sealant

2.3

Sprayable Sealant

5.0

Silicone Insulation Material

7.1

Solid Film Lubricant

7.3

Specialized Function Coating

7.4

Temporary Protective Coating

2.7

Thermal Control Coating

6.7

Wet Fastener Installation Coating

5.6

Wing Coating

7.1

(iv) 5.2 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, delivered to a coating applicator that applies Type I chemical milling maskants.
(v) 1.3 pounds per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, delivered to a coating applicator that applies Type II chemical milling maskants.
(vi) The following aerospace activities are exempt for the coating emission limits in paragraphs 1.(i) through (v): touchup, aerosol, and DOD classified coatings; coatings used on space vehicles; and facilities that comply with the low volume usage exemption in paragraph 10.
2. The emission limitations in this subsection shall be achieved by:
(i) The application of low solvent coating technology where each and every coating meets the specified applicable limitation expressed in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, stated in section 1 of this subsection; or
(ii) The application of low solvent coating technology where the monthly volume-weighted average VOC content of each specified coating type meets the specified applicable limitation expressed in pounds of VOC per gallon of coating, excluding water and exempt solvents, stated in section 1 of this subsection; averaging is not allowed between primers, topcoats (including self-priming topcoats), specialty coating types, Type I milling maskants, and Type II milling maskants or any combination of the above coating categories; or
(iii) Control equipment, including but not limited to incineration, carbon adsorption and condensation, with a capture system approved by the Director, provided that the control system has a VOC reduction efficiency of 81 percent or greater.
3. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation shall apply all non-exempt primers and topcoats utilizing one or more of the application techniques specified below:
(i) Flow/curtain application;
(ii) Dip coat application;
(iii) Roll coating;
(iv) Brush coating;
(v) Cotton-tipped swab application;
(vi) Electrodeposition (dip) coating;
(vii) High-volume low-pressure (HVLP) spraying;
(viii) Electrostatic spray application; or
(ix) Other coating application methods that achieve emission reductions equivalent to HVLP or electrostatic spray application methods, as determined by the Director.
4. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation shall ensure that all application devices used to apply primers and topcoats (including self-priming topcoats) are operated according to company procedures, local specified operating procedures, and/or the manufacturer's specifications, whichever is most stringent, at all times. Equipment modified by the owner or operator shall maintain a transfer efficiency equivalent to HVLP or electrostatic spray application techniques.
5. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation shall comply with the following housekeeping requirements for any affected cleaning operation. Aqueous cleaning solvents and hydrocarbon-based solvents which have a maximum composite vapor pressure of 7 mm Hg at 20°C are exempt from these requirements.
(i) Solvent-laden cloth, paper, or any other absorbent applicators used for cleaning shall be placed in bags or other closed containers upon completing their use. These bags and containers must be kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials from the container. The bags and containers used must be of such a design so as to contain the vapors of the cleaning solvent. Cotton-tipped swabs used for very small cleaning operations are exempt from this requirement.
(ii) All fresh and spent cleaning solvents, except semi-aqueous solvent cleaners, used in aerospace cleaning operations shall be stored in closed containers.
(iii) Conduct the handling and transfer of cleaning solvents to or from enclosed systems, vats, waste containers, and other cleaning operation equipment that hold or store fresh spent cleaning solvents in such a manner that spills are minimized.
6. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation utilizing hand-wipe cleaning operations (excluding the cleaning of spray gun equipment performed in accordance with section 7) shall comply with one of the following:
(i) Utilize cleaning solvent solutions that are classified as an aqueous cleaning solvent and/or a hydrocarbon-based cleaning solvent with a maximum composite vapor pressure of 7 mm Hg at 20°C.
(ii) Utilize cleaning solvent solutions that have a composite vapor pressure of 45 mm Hg or less at 20°C.
7. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation shall clean all spray guns used in the application of primers, topcoats (including self-priming topcoats), and specialty coatings utilizing one or more of the following techniques:
(i) Enclosed System: Spray guns shall be cleaned in an enclosed system that is closed at all times except when inserting or removing the spray gun. Cleaning shall consist of forcing cleaning solvent through the gun. If leaks are found, repairs shall be made as soon as practicable, but no later than 15 days after the leak was found. If the leak is not repaired by the 15th day after detection, the cleaning solvent shall be removed and the enclosed cleaner shall be shut down until the leak is repaired or its use is permanently discontinued.
(ii) Nonatomized Cleaning: Spray guns shall be cleaned by placing cleaning solvent in the pressure pot and forcing it through the gun with the atomizing cap in place. No atomizing air is to be used. The cleaning solvent from the spray gun shall be directed into a vat, drum, or other waste container that is closed when not in use.
(iii) Disassembled Spray Gun Cleaning: Spray guns shall be cleaned by disassembling and cleaning the components by hand in a vat, which shall remain closed at all times except in use. Alternatively, the components shall be soaked in a vat, which shall remain closed during the soaking period and when not inserting or removing components.
(iv) Atomizing cleaning: Spray guns shall be cleaned by forcing the cleaning solvent through the gun and directing the resulting atomized spray into a waste container that is fitted with a device designed to capture the atomized cleaning solvent emissions.
8. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation that includes a flush cleaning operation shall empty the used cleaning solvents each time aerospace parts or assemblies, or components of a coating unit (with the exception of spray guns) are flush cleaned into an enclosed container or collection system that is kept closed when not in use or into a system with equivalent emission control approved by the Director. Hydrocarbon-based solvents which have a maximum composite vapor pressure of 7 mm Hg at 20°C and aqueous and semi-aqueous materials are exempt from the requirements of this Section.
9. The following activities are not regulated by this subsection:
(i) Research and development;
(ii) Quality control;
(iii) Laboratory testing activities;
(iv) Metal finishing;
(v) Electrodeposition (except for the electrodeposition of paints);
(vi) Composites processing (except for cleaning and coating of composite parts or components that become part of an aerospace vehicle or component as well as composite tooling that comes in contact with such composite parts or components prior to cure);
(vii) Electronic parts and assemblies (except for cleaning and topcoating of completed assemblies);
(viii) Manufacture of aircraft transparencies;
(ix) Wastewater treatment operations;
(x) Regulated activities associated with space vehicles designed to travel beyond the limit of the earth's atmosphere, including but not limited to satellites, space stations, and the space shuttle;
(xi) Maintenance and rework of antique aerospace vehicles and components.
10. The requirements for primers, topcoats, and chemical milling maskants specified in subsections 1.(i), 1.(ii), 1.(iv) and 1.(v) do not apply to the use of low-volume coatings in these categories for which the rolling twelve month total of each separate formulation used at a facility does not exceed 50 gallons, and the combined rolling twelve-month total of all such primers, topcoats, and chemical milling maskants used does not exceed 200 gallons. The requirements for specialty coatings specified in subsection 1.(iii) do not apply to the use of low-volume specialty coatings for which the rolling twelve month total of each separate specialty coating formulation used at a facility does not exceed 50 gallons, and the combined rolling twelve-month total of all such specialty coating formulations used does not exceed 200 gallons. Coatings exempted under section 9 of this subsection are not included in these 50- and 200- gallon limits.
11. The following situations are exempt from the requirements of Sections 3 and 4:
(i) Any situation that normally requires the use of an airbrush or an extension on the spray gun to properly reach limited access spaces;
(ii) The application of any specialty coating;
(iii) The application of coatings that contain fillers that adversely affect atomization with HVLP spray guns and that cannot be applied by any of the application methods specified in subparagraph 3.;
(iv) The application of coatings that normally have a dried film thickness of less than 0.0013 centimeter (0.0005 inches) and that cannot be applied by any of the application methods specified in section 3.;
(v) The use of airbrush application methods for stenciling, lettering, and other identification markings;
(vi) The use of hand-held spray (aerosol) can application methods; and
(vii) Touchup and repair operations.
12. The following cleaning operations are exempt from the requirements of Section 6 of this subsection:
(i) Cleaning during the manufacture, assembly, installation, maintenance, or testing of components of breathing oxygen systems that are exposed to the breathing oxygen;
(ii) Cleaning during the manufacture, assembly, installation, maintenance, or testing of parts, subassemblies, or assemblies that are exposed to strong oxidizers or reducers (e.g., nitrogen tetroxide, liquid oxygen, or hydrazine);
(iii) Cleaning and surface activation prior to adhesive bonding;
(iv) Cleaning of electronic parts and assemblies containing electronic parts;
(v) Cleaning of aircraft and ground support equipment fluid systems that are exposed to the fluid including air-to-air heat exchangers and hydraulic fluid systems;
(vi) Cleaning of fuel cells, fuel tanks, and confined spaces;
(vii) Surface cleaning of solar cells, coating optics, and thermal control surfaces;
(viii) Cleaning during fabrication, assembly, installation, and maintenance of upholstery, curtains, carpet, and other textile materials used in the interior of the aircraft;
(ix) Cleaning of metallic and non-metallic materials used in honeycomb cores during the manufacture or maintenance of these cores, and cleaning of the completed cores used in the manufacture or maintenance of aerospace vehicles or components;
(x) Cleaning of aircraft transparencies, polycarbonate, or glass substrates;
(xi) Cleaning and solvent usage associated with research and development, quality control, and laboratory testing;
(xii) Cleaning operations, using nonflammable liquids, conducted within five feet of energized electrical systems. Energized electrical systems means any AC or DC electrical circuit on an assembled aircraft once electrical power is connected, including interior passenger and cargo areas, wheel wells, and tail sections; and
(xiii) Cleaning operations identified as essential uses under the Montreal Protocol for which the U.S. EPA has allocated essential use allowances or exemptions.
13. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation shall submit a monitoring plan to the Division that specifies the applicable operating parameter value, or range of values, to ensure ongoing compliance with Subsection 2.(iii) of this subsection. The monitoring device shall be installed, calibrated, operated, and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
14. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation utilizing an enclosed spray gun cleaner shall visually inspect the seals and all other potential sources of leaks at least once per month. Each inspection shall occur while the spray gun cleaner is in operation.
15. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation utilizing coatings specified in Section 1 shall maintain a current list of coatings that includes the specific category, VOC content as applied, and the monthly amount used for each coating.
16. Each owner or operator of an aerospace manufacturing and/or rework operation utilizing cleaning solvents shall maintain the following records:
(i) Maintain a current list of hand-wipe and flush cleaning solvents with documentation that demonstrates that the cleaning solvent complies with one of the composition requirements in Section 6.(i) and for semi aqueous cleaning solvent used for flush cleaning. This list shall include the annual amount of each applicable solvent used.
(ii) Maintain a current list of hand-wipe cleaning solvents with their respective vapor pressures or, for blended solvents, VOC composite vapor pressures for all vapor pressure compliant hand-wipe cleaning solvents listed in Section 6.(ii). This list shall include the monthly amount of each applicable solvent used.
(iii) Maintain a current list of all cleaning solvents with a vapor pressure greater than 45 mm Hg used in exempt hand-wipe cleaning operations. This list shall identify the applicable exemption(s) for each process and include the monthly amount of each applicable solvent used.
(iv) Maintain a record of all leaks from enclosed gun cleaners, as found during the monthly inspection required by subparagraph 14. of this subsection. The record shall include the identification of the leaking paint gun cleaner, the date the leak was discovered, and the date the leak was repaired.
17. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) "Ablative coating" means a coating that chars when exposed to open flame or extreme temperatures, as would occur during the failure of an engine casing or during aerodynamic heating. The ablative char surface serves as an insulative barrier, protecting adjacent components from the heat or open flame.
(ii) "Adhesion promoter" means a very thin coating applied to a substrate to promote wetting and form a chemical bond with the subsequently applied material.
(iii) "Adhesive bonding primer" means a primer applied in a thin film to aerospace components for the purpose of corrosion inhibition and increased adhesive bond strength by attachment. There are two categories of adhesive bonding primers: primers with a design cure at 250°F or below and primers with a design cure above 250°F.
(iv) "Aerosol coating" means a coating applied by means of a hand-held, pressurized container, which is non-refillable or which utilizes non-refillable propellant canisters and which expels an adhesive or a coating in a finely divided spray when a valve on the container is depressed.
(v) "Aerospace facility" means any facility that produces, reworks, or repairs in any amount any commercial, civil, or military aerospace vehicle or component. Regulated activities include coating, milling, solvent use, and depainting operations.
(vi) "Aerospace vehicle or component" means any fabricated part, processed part, assembly of parts, or completed unit, with the exception of electronic components, of any aircraft.
(vii) "Aircraft transparency" means the aircraft windshield, canopy, passenger windows, lenses and other components which are constructed of transparent materials.
(viii) "Antichafe coating" means a coating applied to areas of moving aerospace components that may rub during normal operations or installation.
(ix) "Antique aerospace vehicle or component" means an aircraft or component thereof that was built at least 30 years ago. An antique aerospace vehicle would not routinely be in commercial or military service in the capacity for which it was designed.
(x) "Aqueous cleaning solvent" means a cleaning solvent in which water is the primary ingredient (greater than 80 percent by weight of cleaning solvent solution as applied must be water). Detergents, surfactants, and bioenzyme mixtures and nutrients may be combined with the water along with a variety of additives such as organic solvents (e.g., high boiling point alcohols), builders, saponifiers, inhibitors, emulsifiers, pH buffers, and antifoaming agents. Aqueous solutions must have a flash point greater than 93°C (200°F) (as reported by the manufacturer) and the solution must be miscible with water.
(xi) "Bearing coating" means a coating applied to an antifriction bearing, a bearing housing, or the area adjacent to such a bearing in order to facilitate bearing function or to protect base material from excessive wear. A material shall not be classified as a bearing coating if it can also be classified as a dry lubricative material or a solid film lubricant.
(xii) "Bonding maskant" means a temporary coating used to protect selected areas of aerospace parts from strong acid or alkaline solutions during processing for bonding.
(xiii) "Caulking and smoothing compounds" means semi-solid materials which are applied by hand application methods and are used to aerodynamically smooth exterior vehicle surfaces or fill cavities such as bolt hole accesses. A material shall not be classified as a caulking and smoothing compound if it can be classified as a sealant.
(xiv) "Chemical agent-resistant coating (CARC)" means an exterior topcoat designed to withstand exposure to chemical warfare agents or the decontaminants used on these agents.
(xv) "Chemical milling maskants" means a coating that is applied directly to aluminum components to protect surface areas when chemical milling the component with a Type I or Type II etchant. Type I chemical milling maskants are used with a Type I etchant and Type II chemical milling maskants are used with a Type II etchant. This definition does not include bonding maskants, critical use and line sealer maskants, and seal coat maskants. Additionally, maskants that must be used with a combination of Type I or Type II etchants and any of the above types of maskants are also not included in this definition.
(xvi) "Cleaning operation" means collectively spray-gun, hand-wipe, and flush cleaning operations.
(xvii) "Cleaning solvent" means a liquid material used for hand-wipe, spray gun, or flush cleaning. This definition does not include solutions that contain no VOCs (i.e., VOC content less than 1.0 weight percent).
(xviii) "Clear coating" means a transparent coating applied over a colored opaque coating, metallic substrate, or placard to give improved gloss and protection to the color coat. In some cases, a clearcoat refers to any transparent coating without regard to substrate.
(xix) "Coating" means a material that is applied to the surface of an aerospace vehicle or component to form a decorative, protective, or functional solid film, or the solid film itself.
(xx) "Coating operation" means using a spray booth, tank, or other enclosure or any area, such as a hangar, for applying a single type of coating (e.g., primer); using the same spray booth for applying another type of coating (e.g., topcoat) constitutes a separate coating operation for which compliance determinations are performed separately.
(xxi) "Coating unit" means a series of one or more coating applicators and any associated drying area and/or oven wherein a coating is applied, dried, and/or cured. A coating unit ends at the point where the coating is dried or cured, or prior to any subsequent application of a different coating. It is not necessary to have an oven or flashoff area to be included in this definition.
(xxii) "Commercial exterior aerodynamic structure primer" means a primer used on aerodynamic components and structures that protrude from the fuselage, such as wings and attached components, control surfaces, horizontal stabilizers, vertical fins, wing-to-body fairings, antennae, landing gear, and doors, for the purpose of extended corrosion protection and enhanced adhesion.
(xxiii) "Commercial interior adhesive" means materials used in the bonding of passenger cabin interior components. These components must meet FAA fireworthiness requirements.
(xxiv) "Compatible substrate primer" means either compatible epoxy primer or adhesive primer.
(xxv) "Corrosion prevention compound" means a compound that provides corrosion protection by displacing water and penetrating mating surfaces, forming a protective barrier between the metal surface and moisture. Coatings containing oils or waxes are excluded from this category.
(xxvi) "Critical use and line sealer maskant" means a temporary coating, not covered under other maskant categories, used to protect selected areas of aerospace parts from strong acid or alkaline solutions such as those used in anodizing, plating, chemical milling and processing of magnesium, titanium, or high-strength steel, high-precision aluminum chemical milling of deep cuts, and aluminum chemical milling of complex shapes. Materials used for repairs or to bridge gaps left by scrubbing operations are also included in this category.
(xxvii) "Cryogenic flexible primer" means a primer designed to provide corrosion resistance, flexibility, and adhesion of subsequent coating systems when exposed to loads up to and surpassing the yield point of the substrate at cryogenic temperatures (-275°F and below).
(xxviii) "Cryoprotective coating" means a coating that insulates cryogenic or subcooled surfaces to limit propellant boil-off, maintain structural integrity of metallic structures during ascent or reentry, and prevent ice formation.
(xxix) "Cyanoacrylate adhesive" means a fast-setting, single component adhesive that cures at room temperature. Also known as "super glue."
(xxx) "Depainting operation" means the use of a chemical agent, media blasting, or any other technique to remove permanent coatings from the outer surface of an aerospace vehicle or components. The depainting operation includes washing of the aerospace vehicle or component to remove residual stripper, media, or coating residue.
(xxxi) "Dry lubricative material" means a coating consisting of lauric acid, cetyl alcohol, waxes, or other noncross linked resin-bond materials that act as a dry lubricant.
(xxxii) "Electric or radiation-effect coating" means a coating or coating system engineered to interact, through absorption or reflection, with specific regions of the electromagnetic energy spectrum, such as the ultraviolet, visible, infrared, or microwave regions. Uses include, but are not limited to, lighting strike protection, electromagnetic pulse (EMP) protection, and radar avoidance. Coatings that have been designated as "classified" by the Department of Defense are exempt.
(xxxiii) "Electrostatic discharge and electromagnetic interference (EMI) coating" means a coating applied to space vehicles, missiles, aircraft radomes, and helicopter blades to disperse static energy or reduce electromagnetic interference.
(xxxiv) "Elevated-temperature Skydrol-resistant commercial primer" means a primer applied primarily to commercial-type aircraft that must withstand immersion in phosphate-ester (PE) hydraulic fluid (Skydrol 500b or equivalent) at the elevated temperature of 150°F for 1,000 hours.
(xxxv) "Epoxy polyamide topcoat" means a coating used where harder films are required or in some areas where engraving is accomplished in camouflage colors.
(xxxvi) "Exempt solvent" means a specified organic compound that has been determined by the EPA to have negligible photochemical reactivity and is listed in 40 CFR 51.100 and/or 391-3-1-.01(llll).
(xxxvii) "Fire-resistant (interior) coating" means for civilian aircraft, fire-resistant coatings are used on passenger cabin interior parts that are subject to the FAA fire-worthiness requirements. For military aircraft, fire-resistant interior coatings are used on parts that are subject to the flammability requirements of MIL-STD-1630A and MIL-A-87721. For space applications, these coatings are used on parts that are subject to the flammability requirements of SE-R-0006 and SSP 30233.
(xxxviii) "Flexible primer" means a primer that meets flexibility requirements such as those needed for adhesive bond primer fastener heads or on surfaces expected to contain fuel. The flexible coating is required because it provides a compatible, flexible substrate over bonded sheet rubber and rubber-type coatings as well as a flexible bridge between fasteners, skin, and skin-to-skin joints on outer aircraft skins.
(xxxix) "Flight test coating" means a coating applied to aircraft other than missiles or single-use aircraft prior to flight testing to protect the aircraft from corrosion and to provide required marking during flight test evaluation.
(xl) "Flush cleaning" means the removal of contaminants such as dirt, grease, and coatings from an aerospace vehicle or component or coating equipment by passing solvent over, into, or through the item being cleaned. The solvent may simply be poured into the item cleaned and then drained, or be assisted by air or hydraulic pressure, or by pumping. Hand-wipe cleaning operations where wiping, scrubbing, mopping, or other hand actions used are not included in this definition.
(xli) "Fuel tank adhesive" means a non-rubber based adhesive used to bond components exposed to fuel and which must be compatible with fuel tank coatings.
(xlii) "Fuel tank coating" means a coating applied to fuel tank components for the purpose of corrosion and/or bacterial growth inhibition and to assure sealant adhesion in extreme environmental conditions.
(xliii) "General aviation" means that segment of civil aviation that encompasses all facets of aviation except air carriers, commuters, and military. General aviation includes charter and corporate-executive transportation, instruction, rental, aerial application, aerial observation, business, pleasure, and other special uses.
(xliv) "General aviation rework facility" means any aerospace facility with the majority of its revenues resulting from the reconstruction, repair, maintenance, repainting, conversion, or alteration of general aviation aerospace vehicles or components.
(xlv) "Hand-wipe cleaning operation" means removing contaminants such as dirt, grease, oil, and coatings from an aerospace vehicle or component by physically rubbing it with a material such as a rag, paper, or cotton swab that has been moistened with a cleaning solvent.
(xlvi) "High temperature coating" means a coating designed to withstand temperatures of more than 350°F.
(xlvii) "High volume low pressure (HVLP) spray equipment" means spray equipment that is used to apply coating by means of a spray gun that operates at 10.0 psig of atomizing air pressure or less at the air cap.
(xlviii) "Hydrocarbon-based cleaning solvent" means a cleaning solvent that is composed of a mixture of photochemically reactive hydrocarbons and oxygenated hydrocarbons and have a maximum vapor pressure of seven mm Hg at 20°C. These cleaners also contain no hazardous air pollutants.
(il) "Insulation covering" means material that is applied to foam insulation to protect the insulation from mechanical or environmental damage.
(l) "Intermediate release coating" means a thin coating applied beneath topcoats to assist in removing the topcoats in depainting operations and generally to allow the use of less hazardous depainting methods.
(li) "Lacquer" means a clear or pigmented coating formulated with a nitrocellulose or synthetic resin to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction. Lacquers are resoluble in their original solvent.
(lii) "Leak" means any visible leakage, including misting and clouding.
(liii) "Metallized epoxy coating" means a coating that contains relatively large quantities of metallic pigmentation for appearance and/or added protection.
(liv) "Mold release" means a coating applied to a mold surface to prevent the molded piece from sticking to the mold as it is removed.
(lv) "Nonstructural adhesive" means an adhesive that bonds nonload bearing aerospace components in noncritical applications and is not covered in any other specialty adhesive categories.
(lvi) "Optical antireflection coating" means a coating with a low reflectance in the infrared and visible wavelength ranges that is used for antireflection on or near optical and laser hardware.
(lvii) "Part marking coating" means coatings or inks used to make identifying markings on material, components, and/or assemblies. These markings may be either permanent or temporary.
(lviii) "Pretreatment coating" means an organic coating that contains at least 0.5 percent acids by weight and is applied directly to metal or composite surfaces provide surface etching, corrosion resistance, adhesion, and ease of stripping.
(lix) "Primer" means the first layer and any subsequent layers of identically formulated coating applied to the surface of an aerospace vehicle or component. Primers are typically used for corrosion prevention, protection from the environment, functional fluid resistance, and adhesion of subsequent coatings. Primers that are defined as specialty coatings are not included under this definition.
(lx) "Rain erosion-resistant coating" means a coating or coating system used to protect leading edges of parts such as flaps, stabilizers, radomes, engine inlet nacelles, etc., against erosion caused by rain impact during flight.
(lxi) "Research and development" means an operation whose primary purpose is for research and development of new processes and products and that is conducted under the close supervision of technically trained personnel and is not involved in the manufacture of final or intermediate products for commercial purposes, except in a de minimis manner.
(lxii) "Rocket motor bonding adhesive" means an adhesive used in rocket motor bonding applications.
(lxiii) "Rocket motor nozzle coating" means a catalyzed epoxy coating system used in elevated temperature applications on rocket motor nozzles.
(lxiv) "Rubber-based adhesive" means a quick setting contact cement that provide a strong, yet flexible bond between two mating surfaces that may be of dissimilar materials.
(lxv) "Scale Inhibitor" means a coating that is applied to the surface of a part prior to thermal processing to inhibit the formation of scale.
(lxvi) "Screen print ink" means an ink used in screen printing processes during fabrication of decorative laminates and decals.
(lxvii) "Sealant" means a material used to prevent the intrusion of water, fuel, air, or other liquids or solids from certain areas of aerospace vehicles or components.
(lxviii) "Seal coat maskant" means an overcoat applied over a maskant to improve abrasion and chemical resistance during production operations.
(lxix) "Self-priming topcoat" means a topcoat that is applied directly to an uncoated aerospace vehicle or component for purposes of corrosion prevention, environmental protection, and functional fluid resistance. More than one layer of identical coating formulation may be applied to the vehicle or component.
(lxx) "Semi-aqueous cleaning solvent" means a solution in which water is a primary ingredient (greater than 60 percent by weight of the solvent solution as applied must be water).
(lxxi) "Silicone insulation material" means an insulating material applied to exterior metal surfaces for protection from high temperatures caused by atmospheric friction or engine exhaust. These materials differ from ablative coatings in that they are not "sacrificial."
(lxxii) "Solid film lubricant" means a very thin coating consisting of a binder system containing as its main pigment material one or more of the following: molybdenum, graphite, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), or other solids that act as a dry lubricant between faying surfaces.
(lxxiii) "Specialty coating" means a coating that, even though it meets the definition of a primer, topcoat, or self-priming topcoat, has additional performance criteria beyond those of primers, topcoats, and self-priming topcoats for specific applications. These performance criteria may include, but are not limited to, temperature or fire resistance, substrate compatibility, antireflection, temporary protection or marking, sealing, adhesively joining substrates, or enhanced corrosion protection.
(lxxiv) "Specialized function coating" means a coating that fulfills extremely specific engineering requirements that are limited in application and are characterized by low volume usage. This category excludes coatings covered in other Specialty coating categories.
(lxxv) "Spray gun" means a device that atomizes a coating or other material and projects the particulates or other material onto a substrate.
(lxxvi) "Structural autoclavable adhesive" means an adhesive used to bond load-carrying aerospace components that is cured by heat and pressure in an autoclave.
(lxxvii) "Structural nonautoclavable adhesive" means an adhesive used to bond load-carrying aerospace components that is cured under ambient conditions.
(lxxviii) "Surface preparation" means the removal of contaminants from the surface of an aerospace vehicle or component or the activation or reactivation of the surface in preparation for the application of a coating.
(lxxix) "Temporary protective coating" means a coating applied to provide scratch or corrosion protection during manufacturing, storage, or transportation. Two types include peelable protective coatings and alkaline removable coatings. These materials are not intended to protect against strong acid or alkaline solutions.
(lxxx) "Thermal control coating" means a coating formulated with specific thermal conductive or radiative properties to permit temperature control of the substrate.
(lxxxi) "Topcoat" means a coating that is applied over a primer on a aerospace vehicle or component for appearance, identification, camouflage, or protection. Topcoats that are defined as specialty coatings are not included under this definition.
(lxxxii) "Touch-up and repair coating" means a coating used to cover minor coating imperfections appearing after the main coating operation.
(lxxxiii) "Touch-up and repair operation" means that portion of the coating operation that is the incidental application of coating used to cover minor imperfections in the coating finish or to achieve complete coverage. This definition includes out-of-sequence or out-of-cycle coating.
(lxxxiv) "Type I etchant" means a chemical milling etchant that contains varying amounts of dissolved sulfur and does not contain amines.
(lxxxv) "Type II etchant" means a chemical milling etchant that is a strong sodium hydroxide solution containing amines.
(lxxxvi) "Wet fastener installation coating" means a primer or sealant applied by dipping, brushing, or daubing to fasteners that are installed before the coating is cured.
(lxxxvii) "Wing coating" means a corrosion-resistant topcoat that is resilient enough to withstand the flexing of the wings.
18. Applicability.
(i) The requirements of this subsection shall apply to all aerospace facilities with potential emissions of volatile organic compounds exceeding 100 tons per year, except in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale, where facilities with potential emissions of volatile organic compounds exceeding 25 tons per year are subject to this subsection.
(ii) Effective January 1, 2015, the requirements of this subsection shall apply to all aerospace facilities with potential emissions of volatile organic compounds exceeding 25 tons per year in Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Hall, Newton, Spalding, or Walton County. The requirements of this subparagraph (ii) will no longer be applicable if the counties specified in this subparagraph (ii) are re-designated to attainment for the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone prior to January 1, 2015. In the event the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone is violated in these counties or the counties specified in subparagraph (i) above, the requirements of this subparagraph (ii) will only be reinstated if the Director determines that the measure is necessary to meet the requirements of the contingency plan.
19. Compliance Dates.
(i) All aerospace facilities subject to this subsection and located in the counties of Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale shall be in compliance.
(ii) All aerospace facilities subject to this subsection; located outside Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale counties; and in operation on or before October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance by January 1, 2001.
(iii) All aerospace facilities subject to this subsection; located outside Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding and Rockdale counties; and which begin initial operation after October 1, 1999, shall be in compliance upon startup.
(lll) NOX Emissions From Fuel-Burning Equipment.
1. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emission of nitrogen oxides (NOX) from an affected unit under this subparagraph that is installed or modified on or after May 1, 1999, to exceed 30 ppm at 3% oxygen on a dry basis.
2. The requirements of this subparagraph shall apply during the period May 1 through September 30 of each year.
3. All affected units subject to this subparagraph shall be in compliance on or before May 1, 2000.
4. The requirements contained in Subparagraph 1. shall apply to all such affected units as defined in subparagraph 5.(i) that are located in the counties of Banks, Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Chattooga, Cherokee, Clarke, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Floyd, Forsyth, Fulton, Gordon, Gwinnett, Hall, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jackson, Jasper, Jones, Lamar, Lumpkin, Madison, Meriwether, Monroe, Morgan, Newton, Oconee, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Polk, Putnam, Rockdale, Spalding, Troup, Upson, and Walton.
5. For the purpose of this subparagraph, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Affected Unit" means fuel-burning equipment with a maximum design heat input capacity equal to or greater than 10 MMBTU/hr and less than or equal to 250 MMBTU/hr.
(ii) "Annual Capacity Factor" as used in this subparagraph means the ratio between the actual heat input to the fuel-burning equipment from fuels other than wood during a period of 12 consecutive calendar months and the potential heat input to the fuel- burning equipment from all fuels had the fuel-burning equipment been operated 8,760 hours during that 12-month period at the maximum design heat input capacity.
(iii) "Modified" as used in subparagraph 1. shall be as defined in 40 CFR 60.14.
(iv) "Wood" means wood, wood residue, bark, or any derivative fuel or residue thereof, in any form, including, but not limited to, sawdust, sanderdust, wood chips, scraps, slabs, millings, shavings, and processed pellets made from wood or other forest residues.
6. The requirements of this subparagraph do not apply to the following:
(i) Fuel-burning equipment, which was permitted under 391-3-1-.03(1) on or before May 1, 1999, or which was brought onto the facility on or before May 1, 1999.
(ii) Duct burners associated with combined cycle gas turbines.
(iii) Fuel-burning equipment located in any of the following counties: Banks, Butts, Chattooga, Clarke, Dawson, Floyd, Gordon, Haralson, Heard, Jackson, Jasper, Jones, Lamar, Lumpkin, Madison, Meriwether, Monroe, Morgan, Oconee, Pickens, Pike, Polk, Putnam, Troup, and Upson that combusts either:
(I) wood alone; or
(II) wood in combination with any other fuel and has annual capacity factor for the other fuels of 10 percent (0.10) or less and is subject to an enforceable requirement limiting operation of the equipment to an annual capacity factor for the other fuels of 10 percent (0.10) or less.
(mmm) NOX Emissions from Stationary Gas Turbines and Stationary Engines used to Generate Electricity.
1. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emission of nitrogen oxides (NOX), from any stationary gas turbine or any stationary engine used to generate electricity whose nameplate capacity is greater than or equal to 100 kilowatts (KWe) and is less than or equal to 25 megawatts (MWe), to exceed the following:
(i) For stationary engines in operation before April 1, 2000:

160 ppm @ 15% O2, dry basis

(ii) For stationary engines installed or modified on or after April 1, 2000:

80 ppm @ 15% O2, dry basis

(iii) For stationary gas turbines in operation on or after January 1, 1999 and before October 1, 1999:

42 ppm @ 15% O2, dry basis

(iv) For stationary gas turbines installed or modified on or after October 1, 1999:

30 ppm @ 15% O2, dry basis

2. The requirements of this subsection shall apply during the period May 1 through September 30 of each year.
3. Compliance Dates.
(i) For stationary engines in operation before April 1, 2000, the affected unit shall comply with the applicable standard under paragraph 1 above by May 1, 2003.
(ii) For stationary engines installed or modified on or after April 1, 2000, the affected unit shall comply with the applicable standard under paragraph 1 upon startup of the affected unit.
(iii) For stationary gas turbines in operation on or after January 1, 1999 and before October 1, 1999, the affected unit shall comply with the applicable standard under paragraph 1 above by May 1, 2000.
(iv) For stationary gas turbines in installed or modified on or after October 1, 1999, the affected unit shall comply with the applicable standard under paragraph 1 upon startup of the affected unit.
4. For the purpose of this subsection, the following definitions apply:
(i) "Emergency standby stationary gas turbines and stationary engines" means any stationary gas turbine or stationary engine that operates only when electric power from the local utility is not available and which operates less than 200 hours per year.
(ii) "Modified" shall be as defined in 40 CFR 60.14.
(iii) "Stationary engine" means any spark or compression ignited internal combustion engine which is either attached to a foundation at a facility or is portable equipment located at a specific facility.
(iv) "Stationary gas turbine" means any gas turbine that is gas and/or liquid fueled with or without power augmentation. It is either attached to a foundation at a facility or is portable equipment located at a specific facility.
5. Exemptions.

The following units are exempt from the provisions of this subsection:

(i) Stationary engines used to power portable rock crushing plants.
(ii) Stationary engines used directly and exclusively for agricultural operation necessary for the growing of crops or the raising of fowl or animals.
(iii) Stationary gas turbines and stationary engines not connected to an electrical generator.
(iv) Laboratory engines or gas turbines used for research and testing purposes.
(v) Engines or gas turbines operated by the manufacturer or distributor of such equipment for purposes of performance verification and testing at the production facility.
(vi) Portable, temporary generators used for special events (i.e. county fair, circus) provided the event does not last more than 14 days.
(vii) Nonroad engines as defined in 40 CFR 89.2.
6. The requirements contained in this subsection shall apply to all such sources located in the counties of Banks, Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Chattooga, Cherokee, Clarke, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Floyd, Forsyth, Fulton, Gordon, Gwinnett, Hall, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jackson, Jasper, Jones, Lamar, Lumpkin, Madison, Meriwether, Monroe, Morgan, Newton, Oconee, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Polk, Putnam, Rockdale, Spalding, Troup, Upson, and Walton.
7. Emergency standby stationary gas turbines and stationary engines which meet the definition stated in paragraph 4.(i) are not subject to the emission limitations of paragraph 1.
8. Stationary engines at data centers that meet all of the following criteria are not subject to the emission limitations in subparagraph 1:
(i) Operate only for routine testing and maintenance, when electric power from the local utility is not available, or during internal system failures;
(ii) Total annual operation for the engine is less than 500 hours per year;
(iii) Operation for routine testing and maintenance during the months of May through September occurs only between 10 p.m. to 4 a.m. Operation for routine testing and maintenance during the months of January through April and October through December may be done during any time of day; and
(iv) The facility maintains records of all operation, including the reason for the operation.
(nnn) NOX Emissions from Large Stationary Gas Turbines.
1. No person shall cause, let, suffer, permit, or allow the emission of nitrogen oxides (NOX), from any stationary gas turbine whose nameplate capacity is greater than 25 megawatts (MWe), to exceed the following:
(i) For stationary gas turbines permitted under 391-3-1-.03(1) before April 1, 2000:

30 ppm @ 15% O2, dry basis

(ii) [reserved]
(iii) For stationary gas turbines permitted under 391-3-1-.03(1) on or after April 1, 2000:

6 ppm @ 15% O2, dry basis

2. The requirements of this subsection shall apply during the period May 1 through September 30 of each year.
3. Compliance Dates.
(i) Stationary gas turbines subject to paragraph 1.(i) above shall comply by May 1, 2003.
(ii) Stationary gas turbines subject to paragraph 1.(iii) above shall be in compliance upon startup.
4. The requirements contained in subparagraph 1.(iii) of this subsection shall not apply to individual units which are subject to 391-3-1-.03(8)(c)14. or 391-3-1-.03(8)(c)15.
5. By no later than May 1, 2003, the owner/operator of an affected unit may submit actual operating performance data on the affected unit, with the emission reduction technologies, as approved by the Director, in place and optimized on the affected unit, sufficient to allow the Director to determine if the NOX emission limits in subparagraphs 1.(i) is technically achievable taking into account the cost and feasibility of available control options. Based on the Director's review of the data provided, this rule may be modified.
6. The requirements contained in this subsection shall apply to all such sources located in the counties of Banks, Barrow, Bartow, Butts, Carroll, Chattooga, Cherokee, Clarke, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dawson, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Floyd, Forsyth, Fulton, Gordon, Gwinnett, Hall, Haralson, Heard, Henry, Jackson, Jasper, Jones, Lamar, Lumpkin, Madison, Meriwether, Monroe, Morgan, Newton, Oconee, Paulding, Pickens, Pike, Polk, Putnam, Rockdale, Spalding, Troup, Upson, and Walton.
7. Exemptions.

The following units are exempt from the provisions of this subsection provided that they only operate under the following conditions:

(i) Units operating for purposes of routine testing, to maintain operability, not to exceed three (3) hours per month.
(ii) Units operating under one of the following emergency conditions. For the purpose of restarting the steam-electric generating units when all steam-electric generating units at a facility are down and off-site power is not available (also known as a "Black Start"). Or, when power problems on the grid would necessitate implementing manual load shedding procedures for retail customers (Note: This does not apply to special rate structure conditions).
(ooo) Reserved.
(ppp) Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units Constructed On or Before June 4, 2010.
1. The provisions of this subsection apply to each commercial and industrial solid waste incinerator (CISWI) unit that commenced construction on or before June 4, 2010 (hereinafter referred to as "existing CISWI unit"). For the purposes of this subsection, a "CISWI unit" means any unit that meets the defin